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Posted 3 Aug 2014

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Setting Up Your Android Development Environment

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3 Aug 2014CPOL9 min read
How to setup android development enviornment using eclipse and Android studio.

Introduction

Hello everyone again, in this article I am going to cover the basic setup for android using Eclipse and Android Studio. During the discussion, i am going to cover the points given below.

  • Comparison of the new Android Studio vs. Eclipse IDEs.
  • Step-by-step guide on setting up a basic development environment for Eclipse and Android Studio.
  • First Android Virtual Device (emulator).
  • Other tips and best practices.

Before start discussion, I want to say one thing, Eclipse IDE is Wow, I am very impressed from eclipse IDE, since I worked with Android, PhoneGap, Java and J2EE projects. This is my point of view :D Please don't mind it

Comparison of the new Android Studio vs. Eclipse IDEs

Let me compare one by one both the IDEs.

  1. Setup
  •  Android studio is dedicatedly developed for android development, So that most of important things are configurable. Like no need to configure the android sdk and so on.
  •  Eclipse is a blank ide for you, you have to download everything like sdk and avd manager and configure it for your Development.

     2. Source Safe and TDD

  • Android Studio comes within build source safe tools and builds automation tools gradle.
  • In Eclipse again you have to configure for the source safe tools and there is no Inbuilt support for automation tool, Again you have download it and configure it.
  • In Both the IDEs you can create a test driven project for TDD

     3. Creating New Project

  • In Android studio, launch screen is always asking you to create a project or add already existing project.
  • In Eclipse you have to choose it from project menu, As it is not a dedicated IDE for android, so it will ask for another project too like J2ee or core java projects.
  • Once you select new project in Android studio, It will follow the same steps that Eclipse will follow, Only the difference is Android Studio will download the latest sdk Select by you and give you more templates for view. While in Eclipse you have less choice.

     4. Customize you view

  • In Android Studio once you select your layout screen you can easily modify your view component, same we can do it in Eclipse. Only the difference I feel about layout window look like a big device in Android studio.

     5. Look n Feel

  • Yes I can say the Android studio is more user friendly to run your project inbuilt AVD customization option makes it more user friendly. Also you can develop your view for android TV or bigger screens. New Palete bar provide much more in build options like if you want to add a language, yes you do it easily.
  • While in eclipse you have to configure the AVD before it use.  Palete bar is not much more advance like Android Studio has.

     6. Build, Run and Debug Options

  • In Android Studio header you can easily find out tools for run you application, And it have in build support of Gradle.You can easily debug you application too. Most of the features are inbuilt while in Eclipse you have to configure it.

     7. Configure Real Device and Emulator

  • Emulators are very slow in Android. But you can easily connect your android device with Eclipse and Android Studio, Not even connect you can also debug your application directly from device too.

     8. Performance

  • While During the development I feel that Android studio is faster than Eclipse.

Step-by-step guide on setting up a basic development environment for Eclipse and Android Studio

I want to Start with Eclipse for Windows :

  1. You have to download the Eclipse. Click here for download .
  2. Make sure that Java is installed Other wise click here for download the JDK package.
  3. Eclipse setup comes in a zip file. Download it and Extract it in your preferred location.
  4. Open the Eclipse click on help menu and select install new software.It will open an another window as shown in figure given below.   Image 1

        Click on Add button it will open a new popup window again.

          Image 2

         Give any name you want and in location textbox paste the url 'https://dl-ssl.google.com/android/eclipse/' and click on ok button.

      5. Once you will click ok then it will return to the first window with list of android plug-in given below.

Image 3

Select the plug-in you want to install and click on next button. It will check the dependency the fetch the packages according to it.  Please make sure that you internet connection is working properly.

     6. Download the SDK Manager first, Click here to download it. Or you can also download the complete package of Android with eclipse from here.

     7. Once you have downloaded the sdk manager. Double click on it and run the set up. Once your setup has been completed..

            Image 4

It will open a new window like given below.

Image 5

Select the API and tools install it on you machine.

   7. Now configure your eclipse for android SDK. Open your eclipse and click on the window tab then select preferences it will open a new window given in below screen shot.      Image 6

Click on android and Browse the sdk location it will fetch the list of API installed on your system. Select your default API and click on ok and Restart your eclipse..

      8. Configure the AVD manger. Select Window > Android Virtual Device Manager, or click the AVD Manager icon in the toolbar and configure it or you can configure it directly Navigate to your SDK's tools directory and execute android AVD

      9. Once you will configure it Add new project.

          Image 7

Click on project it will open the new window

       Image 8

Select an android application project for new project and click on next button

Image 9

Give the application name,project name and package name. Also select minimum version and maximum version of SDK and click on next.

Image 10

Click on next

Image 11

Select the launcher icon n rest of the setting and click on next button

Image 12

Select the Activity you want and click on next button.

Image 13

Configure the layout and activity name here and click on finish button. it will create a project for your in project explorer window.

                   Image 14

Let me explain the directory structure in short .

      src -> package -> java class or activity file      gen-> package -> r.java and buildconfig.java  

      bin -> apk file      libs-> libraries     res-> UI files and folder

      AndroidManifest.xml is configuration file for this project.

To run this application follow the figure given below:

                          Image 15

Configure your application first Click on Run -> Run Configurations.. It will open a new window

                          Image 16

Configure your project here and set target device which is used to deploy your application.

        Image 17

 

As I have discussed about the steps for eclipse very long process right. But Android studio you download and install and create new project in 5-6 steps.

Steps up For Android Studio for window

  1.  Download the Android Studio . Click here for Download it.
  2.  It will download the zip package named as "android-studio-ide-135.1248636-windows.zip".
  3. Extract the Zip Package on your preferred location. Select extract location >> android-studio >> bin >> studio it will open the Android Studio for you.Image 18
  4. first screen of Android Studio                                      Image 19
  5. For first time it will ask for some configuration , and it installed No need to do any kind of configuration and all ;).
  6. Now create a new project from file menu and configure your project application name package name and all. I am going to attach my configuration window in form of image given below. Click on next button.Image 20
  7. Now you have to configure sdk version for your app. I am going to attach my configuration window in form of image given below. Click on next button.Image 21
  8. Next window will ask for an activity. I am going to select a blank activity template. Android studio has more templates. Click on next button again.Image 22
  9. Next window will ask for activity name, layout name and title, fill it and click on finish button.Image 23
  10. After that it will load your project in android studio.Image 24
  11. Finally, I am going to show my window.Image 25
  12. Next step to run your in emulator. You have to configure your emulator first, and then only you can run it and see the outcomes.

          Image 26

First Android Virtual Device (emulator)

I am going to show the screen shot for both the IDE.

Image 27