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Posted 22 Aug 2004

A lightweight base class for MDI UI

, 22 Aug 2004
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The CMDIBase template provides multiple view UI support for WinCE WTL-based projects.

Sample Image - multiview.jpg Sample screenshot


WTL is a very useful template library for Windows programming, especially for Pocket PC and SmartPhone (which do not even support MFC). But, when I implemented a multiview application on SmartPhone and Pocket PC, a block occurred. WTL cannot create a MDI project in WinCE. And, I tried to port a MDI project on the desktop; unfortunately, I failed. So, I decided to create a MDI support class myself, god bless me. It is not such difficult as what I thought initially.

I created a template class named CMDIBase. You can inherit it from your MainFrame class, like this:

#include "MDIBase.h"

class CMainFrame : public CFrameWindowImpl<CMainFrame>,
                   public CUpdateUI<CMainFrame>,
                   public CMessageFilter,
                   public CIdleHandler,
                   public CMDIBase<CMainFrame>

Then add a message chain in CMainFrame's message map:


and use functions in CMDIBase:


Use SwithView to change current view to next view you want to display, and change menu and toolbar. If you set the third parameter to TRUE, the OK button will show on the title bar, and you can handle the Command ID of IDOK of this button.

LRESULT OnView1(WORD /*wNotifyCode*/, WORD /*wID*/, 
     HWND /*hWndCtl*/, BOOL& /*bHandled*/)
  return 0;

Use EnableUIItem to set menu item and toolbar item to Enable or Disable style. Like this:

LRESULT OnAppAbout(WORD /*wNotifyCode*/, WORD /*wID*/, 
            HWND /*hWndCtl*/, BOOL& /*bHandled*/)
  CAboutDlg dlg;
  return 0;

The first parameter of EnableUIItem is the resource ID of menubar, the second is the identity ID of both menu item and toolbar item.

Sample screenshot Sample screenshot


This class is a WTL-based template class, and only for WinCE because it is not so useful if you can create a WTL MDI project on the desktop.

Note: CMDIBase must be used in a SDI WTL project.

The motivation of making this class is to add Multiple view UI support for WinCE WTL-based projects.

It provides some functions for changing the view and menubar or toolbar related to the view. You can update the status of a command item in the menubar or toolbar. The most important thing is that it provides a more reasonable way to handle messages in the right place. It's just like in a MFC MDI project, you can handle menu commands in the related view class; not like in a WTL MDI project, where you can hardly chain a message into a view and all command messages must be handled by the mainframe.


The define of _WINCE_SMARTPHONE in MDIBase.h is a key of changing CMDIBase for SmartPhone and will cut same function not supported on SmartPhone.

The following list shows the main functions in CMDIBase:

  • InitailToolBar: It just calls a create toolbar function and a move window function. If it does not call move window, the mainframe cannot be displayed correctly.
  • SwitchView: Switches to the view you want to show, and loads the related menu and toolbar. menuID and toolbarID must be uniform.
  • EnableUIItem: Sets the menu item and toolbar item to enable/disable.

CUIUpdate class does not work for these, but it can set the check state correctly. So, the setcheckstatus function is not added in CMDIBase.


This article, along with any associated source code and files, is licensed under The Code Project Open License (CPOL)


About the Author

China China
opening view with wild mind

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Comments and Discussions

QuestionHow to dsiable to Menu item in Pocket PC application Pin
yunegu mahesh reddy21-Sep-07 0:10
memberyunegu mahesh reddy21-Sep-07 0:10 
GeneralSome remarks [modified] Pin
Vincent_RICHOMME2-May-07 5:20
memberVincent_RICHOMME2-May-07 5:20 
GeneralRe: Some remarks Pin
fftz3-May-07 6:52
memberfftz3-May-07 6:52 
GeneralTHANK YOU!!! Pin
szurcher25-Jan-05 18:31
memberszurcher25-Jan-05 18:31 
Questionwhat about using on a smart phone? Pin
imisir23-Aug-04 10:14
memberimisir23-Aug-04 10:14 
AnswerRe: what about using on a smart phone? Pin
fftz23-Aug-04 16:21
memberfftz23-Aug-04 16:21 

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