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Posted 9 Nov 2000

Implementing a drag source

, 9 Nov 2000
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Simple step by step article explaining how to implement a drag source.

This article is part of the drag and drop interface samples.

  1. Serializing ASCII Data
  2. Modeless child dialog
  3. Modeless sibling dialog
  4. The drag source
  5. The MFC drop target
  6. The TBTextTarget class

Data is going abroad... implementing the drag source

Again, the implementation of this idea is in two different versions.

Version one uses user-defined data and may better fit your needs.

As we are dealing here with a list control, it may be considerable to use a standard format instead with version two. As a side-effect, you can now drag the contents of your list control to Word, Excel, Visual Studio, or any other drop-enabled texteditor - do I see you smile?

Both versions are very similar. To implement both of them with my application, I made use of the registry settings. Use the menu items at "Clipboard format" or the HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Codeguru\Interface\DragDrop\Clipformat string to specify either the default of "Common" or the string "Private". Any other value will cause an error message and the assumption of the Common type.

Follow these steps:

  1. To the view, add a member-variable of type UINT:
    UINT m_DragDropFormat;
  2. In the constructor of the view, initialize it for private data exchange with:
    m_DragDropFormat = 

    and for the common format just use:

    m_DragDorpFormat = CF_TEXT;

    Do the same to your drop target. In our case, it’s either of the modal dialogs created in step one.

  3. Add the following lines to stdafx.h:
    #include <afxdisp.h>
    #include <afxole.h>

    In your application’s InitInstance function, make a call to AfxOleInit() before creating the document template

  4. #include <afxadv.h> in your drag-source-class source file (or in stdafx.h, its for CSharedFile used in Step 5).
  5. (Private data) Use the Class Wizard to add a message handler to your view, which responds to the LVN_BEGINDRAG message of the list control. Here is the function OnBeginDragList1 for the private-data-version:
    void CInterfaceView::OnBeginDragList1(NMHDR* pNMHDR, LRESULT* pResult) 
            NM_LISTVIEW* pNMListView = (NM_LISTVIEW*)pNMHDR;
            *pResult = 0;
           // Create the drag&drop source and data objects
            COleDropSource *pDropSource = new COleDropSource;
            COleDataSource *pDataSource = new COleDataSource;
            // now determine which rows are selected
            // copy from the CListCtrl section
            int idx = GetSelectedItem(); 
            if (idx == -1 || !m_DragDropFormat) 
                // nothing selected (must be for dragging)
                // or error while registering the clipboard format
            // now grab the data (here: the count and text)
            // and serialize (hoho!)  it into an clipboard archive
            CString Data;
            // getting the column count, thanks Zafir!
            CHeaderCtrl* pHeader = (CHeaderCtrl*)m_Table.GetDlgItem(0);
            int number = m_Table.GetSelectedCount(),
                colCou = pHeader?pHeader->GetItemCount():0;
                    CArchive ar(&file, CArchive::store);
                // Write the number of items and columns
                ar << number;
                        ar << colCou
                for (int i=0; i<colCou; i++)
                    Data = m_Table.GetItemText(idx, i);
                    ar << Data ;
                idx = GetSelectedItem(idx); 
                } while (idx != -1);
                // exception while writing into or closing the archive
                    // exception in the destructor of ar
                // put the file object into the data object
                pDataSource->CacheGlobalData(m_DragDropFormat, file.Detach());
                                                        NULL, pDropSource);
                // exception while destructing the file
            delete pDropSource;
            delete pDataSource;

    Here is the function OnBeginDragList1 for the common-data-version. It even allows you to drag your data to Excel! (common data)

    //... the same until
    CSharedFile file;
            CArchive ar(&file, CArchive::store);
                // for CF_TEXT use a flat ASCII-stream
                // using tabs as delimiter will cause Excel and others to
                // understand us that we have a table
                CString number;
                number.Format("%i\n", m_Table.GetSelectedCount());
                       for (int i=0; i<colCou; i++)
                           Data += m_Table.GetItemText(idx, i) + "\t";
                       ar.WriteString(Data + "\n");
                       idx = GetSelectedItem(idx);
                } while (idx != -1);
                // and do the rest as above ...


This article, along with any associated source code and files, is licensed under The Code Project Open License (CPOL)


About the Author

Thomas Blenkers
Web Developer
Germany Germany
PhD Chemist,
programming with MSVC & MFC since 1996

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Comments and Discussions

QuestionDrag and Drop Pin
sagar_25313-Mar-14 22:03
membersagar_25313-Mar-14 22:03 
AnswerRe: Drag and Drop Pin
Thomas Blenkers15-Mar-14 9:38
memberThomas Blenkers15-Mar-14 9:38 
Questiondrag source Pin
Keith Meredith16-Feb-12 8:00
memberKeith Meredith16-Feb-12 8:00 
GeneralDebugging drag-frop Pin
rajas20-Apr-03 6:48
memberrajas20-Apr-03 6:48 
Generalwhy do drag n drop examples only have CF_Text implementations Pin
Shoki22-Apr-02 7:59
memberShoki22-Apr-02 7:59 
GeneralMultiple Drag Formats Pin
Ernesto Perales Soto1-Aug-01 11:27
memberErnesto Perales Soto1-Aug-01 11:27 
GeneralCorrection: InterfaceView.obj : error LNK2001: unresolved external ... Pin
Thomas Blenkers3-Jun-01 12:41
memberThomas Blenkers3-Jun-01 12:41 

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