This is why I dislike MFC it mystifies what is actually a simple process. On the windows API itself there is a visibility flag it goes under the name WS_VISIBLE and it tells windows whether to draw a window or not. So a window can exist and even be position on screen but not be visible. There are a number of invisible windows actually at play on the desktop of Windows itself. A hint is what do you think the desktop icons are sitting in.
The rule goes if you create a new window which is visible and it is inserted into a parent that is visible, the standard windows system handlers will issue an initial WM_PAINT message. So it is the act of creating the window with a visible parent that for most windows makes it visible. Windows doesn't care about it being a frame or a window it simply cares what the WS_VISIBLE flag of a child and it's parent.
So you can create an invisible window easy as hell just don't set the WS_VISIBLE flag (try it on your window). Then you will need to use something like the API call ShowWindow to change it to visible. ShowWindow function (Windows)[^]
That call can also be used to make a visible window go invisible and yes the window will still be there just not visible
You can also upset visibility by fouling up the message handler so it no longer does the default behaviour correctly and you always know that because you will find your paint behaviour is no longer as it should be.
So being visible has absolutely nothing to do with a window existing and invisible windows still exists to the message handlers and you can send message to invisible windows. An invisible window is simply a window that doesn't draw because the visibility flag is wrong or the handler stops it.
All the close icons, ALT F4 etc lead to that call if they destroy the window (with the exception an application main window .. it is special and posts a quit message).
So a big difference between a window not being visible and a window being destroyed and don't ever think the two things are the same.
Now the MFC system just puts wrappers around that to try and break it up into a more layman friendly easier to use way. The downside is it sort of obviscates what is really going on with the Windows API.
I know LDPC decoding logic but i don`t have knowledge in Data Structure. Please help me How to proceed LDPC Decoding Using Data Structure in C ? Please teach me in writing coding step by step.
In that process i have been provided with a H matrix,code word like [c1, c2, c3, c4, c5, c6] =[1 01011].
The received word is r=[X 01 X 11], where X = missing bits. c1 and c4 are missing bits, i need to find missing bits using tanner graph.
In tanner graph, there are two nodes : Check Nodes and Variable Nodes
#Variable-nodes: Correspond to bits of the codeword or equivalently, to columns of the parity check matrix.
There are n v-nodes
#Check-nodes: Correspond to parity check equations or equivalently, to rows of the parity check matrix. Also known as constraint nodes.
There are m = (n-k) c-nodes.
c4 bit is recovered first and then c1 bit is recovered. Total 2 iterations are used.
1. Messages are passed from variable nodes to check nodes. At check nodes they are processed and the results are stored
using the constraint c3^c4^ c6=0, we calculate the value of c4.
2. Update the values at variable nodes, Messages (value of c4 ) are passed from check nodes to variable nodes
3.Updated messages are again transferred from variable nodes to check nodes.
Using constraint: c1^c2^c3^c4=0
Value of c1 is calculated
4. Values are updated at variable nodes, Message (value of c1) is passed from check nodes to variable nodes
Finally, missing bits are identified
Can I ask do you actually know how to program in C at all?
With your last question about tanh and now this I am really suspecting not or you are a student and this is homework for like a communications unit.
All you have to do is translate that text to code (start with pseudocode if you like).
Here let me do step 1 and solve c4 it's 1 line of C code
if (c3^1^c6 == 0) c4 = 1; else c4 = 0;
That assumes c3,c4,c6 etc are int's or something I can run the logical operator on but you haven't even told us that detail but you want us to write some code. For now lets just treat it as pseudocode.
So code written that is the solution to step 1, we have c4 evaluated.
Now you try Step 2 it is a simple shuffle of c4 from above back into the nodes but we don't know what you have the data in. So how about you have a crack at writing the code and show us. Even if it's not working I can at least see how you have the nodes setup. I don't even care about the types for now just write the variables c4 is adjusting.
Lets give you Step 3.
if (1^c2^c3^c4 == 0) c1 = 1; else c1 = 0;
Step 4 is another simple shuffle just needs some code which will be similar to Step 2 and you then have pseudocode to the entire problem.
First of all genuine thanks to all that contributed to my previous queery. It was really helpful, and moved things along.
I wrote a method: MkRvaPrt() that takes an rva, and maps it successfully to the file location, rather than to the memory location where the object would be after using LoadLibrary();
Sections in a PE File are used where a block of binary data is mapped to a file location other than the offset in the file.
What the MkRvaPtr() function does is, it checks whether the virtual address is within the ranges of any of the Section Headers, (irrespective of name), and, if so calculates the adjustment, and returns a pointer into the file. If it does not point into a section, it returns the rva offset into the File.
This all works smooth, but sets the stage to several questions.:-
Sometimes, the rva found, already points at the required data, at other occasions, it has to be converted with MkRvaPtr.
I need to use MkRvaPtr to get the name of each Import Module, but the list of "PtrsToImportNames" needs no such translation.
Does this table consist of relative offsets to itself? If so, How was I to know!
Write a program that determines a student's grade. It reads three test scores(between 0 and 100) and calls a function that calculates and returns a student's grade based on the following rules:
A. If the average score is 90% or more, the grade is A.
B. If the average score is 70% or more and less than 90%, it checks the third score. If the third score is more than 90%, the grade is A; otherwise, the grade is B.
and it continues...
The program's main is to contain only call statements. At least three subfunctions are required: one to read scores, one to determine the grade, and one to print the results.
This is what I have so far but it will not run for me. I am not allowed to use global declarations
You don't show what you have so far, so we can't really give you any explicit help.
But ... if you can't use global declarations, then you need to use local variables and parameter passing. That means you write your functions to accept the data they are to work on, and return values to the caller.
int sum (int* data, int count)
int total = 0;
for (i = 0; i < count; i++)
total += *data++;
for (i = 0; i < 5; i++)
data[i] = i + 1;
result = sum(data, 5);
Bad command or file name. Bad, bad command! Sit! Stay! Staaaay...
AntiTwitter: @DalekDave is now a follower!
This requires to use variables to hold the scores and the grade. If you are not allowed to use global variables you must declare them in your main() function and pass them to the functions:
int score1, score2, score2;
ReadScores(&score1, &score2, &score3);
grade = GetGrade(score1, score2, score3);
The program's main is to contain only call statements.
I would read that in the sense of that it should not contain any operations but that variable declarations, assignment, and the mandatory return statement are allowed.
After thinking about it a while I found a solution that does not use any variables in main():
Then ReadScores() must return a structure containing the data (which may be optionally dynamically allocated) that is passed to GetGrade() (which can free allocated memory) which returns the grade that is passed to the Print() function.
Ah, it is that time of the year again. This looks suspiciously like an examination project. There are various reasons why this forum does not do these. For one, most people on this forum have already passed their exams, while many others earned their feathers trough self study and hard graft. Furthermore we would not like to contribute to the creation of qualified software engineers who mis the basic concepts.(as you seem to do).
You don't actually show what you have. (maybe you don't know how to, if so, follow the posting guidelines on this site.)
I converted a linux code to vc++ MFC app(VS2012), compiler generating this error on compilation:-
1>c:\program files (x86)\microsoft visual studio 11.0\vc\include\cstdio(39): error C2039: 'fclose' : is not a member of '`global namespace''
1>c:\program files (x86)\microsoft visual studio 11.0\vc\include\cstdio(39): error C2873: 'fclose' : symbol cannot be used in a using-declaration.
Though have tried several setting changes, but this error is upsetting.
Any help would be highly appreciated.
This may occur when the source file is compiled as C.
If it is a plain C file (.c) you should not include cstdio but stdio.h.
If it is a C++ file (or should be compiled as such), set the appropriate option in the project settings (I have no VS21012 here but it should be at "C/C++ - Advanced" - "Compile As") to compile all files as C++, or rename source files to .cpp.
Code does not have any issue...VS 2012 IDE setting has...
Even I posted same problem in several boards..a programmer suggested that I should make a simple program on Visual C++ 2012 IDE, with <cstdio>. I made a simple app with only <cstdio>..(library/header...namespace as documentation says of microsoft). Again same error on compilation...
1>C:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Visual Studio 11.0\VC\include\cstdio(39): error C2039: 'fclose' : is not a member of '`global namespace''
1>C:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Visual Studio 11.0\VC\include\cstdio(39): error C2873: 'fclose' : symbol cannot be used in a using-declaration
========== Rebuild All: 0 succeeded, 1 failed, 0 skipped ==========..
Am i missing some setting..?
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