Do you have any idea how much work explaining code line by line is?
Every single line needs a paragraph of explanation! For example:
int next = r.Next();
Create a new variable called "next" which can hold a integer value. From the previously declared Random instance "r", call the "Next" method to get a new random number, and assign it to the "next" variable.
Can you imagine how long it would take us to explain even a very short code fragment like your example, line by line?
No. It is not going to happen. If you have a specific problem, then ask a question about it. But think first - would you want to sit down for 45 minutes and type up a line-by-line description for no good reason?
So go back to Wiki and read the DES algorithm description again. Then read this: The DES Algorithm Illustrated
] which explains DES pretty clearly.