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I need to find and replace a placeholder string in a PDF file. The PDF file is loaded with the iText library and I have been trying to follow code samples to follow some code samples I have dug up, more often than not for the original Java implementation.

The problem is that the samples don't work for my PDF file. I get a PdfDictionary with PdfObjects, but when I try to filter out the objects with texts I get no results. I know that there is a text in there, because I first took a look at the contents of the file with a PDF parser. The parser will not allow me to make changes and write them back, but at least I know that there is something in there that can be found.

Taking a closer look at the PdfDictionary object, I found only one flavor of PdfObject in it: PdfIndirect reference. The name suggests that I must resolve these references to get objects which I can examine and modify, but i can't find any sample code for that.

What I have tried:

I have to work with an improvised setup with several computers and remote desktops at the moment, so I can't just post my experimental code right now. This is what I have:

1) Open a PdfReader (works)
2) Get a PdfDocument object with the reader (works)
3) Iterate through the pages of the document and get a Pdfpage object (works)
4) (For each page) get a PdfDictionary from the page object (works)
5) Get Pdf objects from the dictionary with dictionary.Get(PdfName.Contents) (works)
6) Normally i would just have to iterate over the results from step 5), but I only get PdfIndirectReference objects. How can I resolve and edit these references?

MemoryStream stream;
PdfReader reader;
PdfDocument document;
Dictionary<String, PdfFormField> fields;
PdfPage page;
PdfDictionary dict;
PdfStream content;
int pages;
int i;

using (stream = new MemoryStream(BinaryFile))
    using (reader = new PdfReader(stream))
        using (document = new PdfDocument(reader))
            pages = document.GetNumberOfPages();
            for (i = 1; i <= pages; i++)
                page = document.GetPage(i);
                dict = page.GetPdfObject();
                var xcontent = dict.Get(PdfName.Contents);
                if (xcontent != null)
                    PdfArray thearray= xcontent as PdfArray;
                    foreach (PdfObject obj in thearray)
                        // these objects actually are PdfIndirectReferences
                        // converting them leads nowhere, so here is the point
                        // where I would have to resolve the reference and use whatever
                        // objects I might obtain that way.
                        PdfStream strm = obj as PdfStream;
                        if(strm != null)
                            byte[] data = strm.GetBytes();
                            UTF8Encoding enc = new UTF8Encoding();

                            string test = enc.GetString(data);
Updated 23-Mar-20 2:57am
ZurdoDev 23-Mar-20 7:35am
It would help if you clicked Improve question and showed just some relevant code.
CodeWraith 23-Mar-20 7:58am
As you wish, but I doubt it will help very much. Everything so far is ok, but what can i do with the indirect references from there on?
ZurdoDev 23-Mar-20 8:03am
It always helps to make sure we understand what you are saying.

This might help,
CodeWraith 23-Mar-20 8:37am
Thanks. I already took a first look and it looks like I'm going in circles. The problem always is that I have to ask for what objects I want to see from the document and 'Contents' only yields the indirect references. I would be very happy to get to the point directly, but have no idea where the text is actually stored in the document or how to ask for this.

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