The Unboundlocalerror: local variable referenced before assignment is raised when you try to use a variable before it has been assigned in the local context. Python
doesn't have variable declarations , so it has to figure out the scope of variables itself. It does so by a simple rule: If there is an assignment to a variable inside a function, that variable is considered local . To solve this problem, you can explicitly say it's a global by putting global declaration in your function. The global statement does not have to be at the beginning of the function definition, but that is where it is usually placed. Wherever it is placed, the global declaration makes a variable to global variable everywhere in the function.