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I am trying to replace certain French words in a string with respective English words. But the replace statement prints the unchanged string.

What I have tried:

Python
to_be_translated_dict = {'0':['gramme','grammes'],'1':['lot de','pack de','paquet de'],'2':['comprimés','gélules','comprimés','tablettes'],'3':['pièces'],'4':['rouleaux'],'5':['barre','barres'],'6':['lingettes'],'7':['boites'],'8':['bâtonnets','bâtons']}
translation_dict = {'0':'gram','1':'pack of','2':'capsules','3':'pieces','4':'rolls','5':'bars','6':'wipes','7':'boxes','8':'sticks'}
value = 'joi clk q  10 comprimés oi oxj lot de 10 onja o'
print(value)
c = 0
for key,val in to_be_translated_dict.items():
    word_to_translate = str([ele for ele in val if(ele in value)]).replace('[','').replace(']','')
    if word_to_translate:
        print(word_to_translate)
        index = str(c)
        translation = translation_dict[index]
        print(translation)
        value = value.replace(word_to_translate,translation) # solve this line
    c += 1
print(value)


It prints:
joi clk q 10 comprimés oi oxj lot de 10 onja o
'lot de'
pack of
'comprimés'
capsules
joi clk q 10 comprimés oi oxj lot de 10 onja o


Required output:
joi clk q 10 capsules oi oxj pack of 10 onja o
Posted
Updated 7-Feb-21 0:00am
v3

A lack of syntax errors does not mean your code is right! :laugh:
Think of the development process as writing an email: compiling successfully means that you wrote the email in the right language - English, rather than German for example - not that the email contained the message you wanted to send.

So now you enter the second stage of development (in reality it's the fourth or fifth, but you'll come to the earlier stages later): Testing and Debugging.

Start by looking at what it does do, and how that differs from what you wanted. This is important, because it give you information as to why it's doing it. For example, if a program is intended to let the user enter a number and it doubles it and prints the answer, then if the input / output was like this:
Input   Expected output    Actual output
  1            2                 1
  2            4                 4
  3            6                 9
  4            8                16
Then it's fairly obvious that the problem is with the bit which doubles it - it's not adding itself to itself, or multiplying it by 2, it's multiplying it by itself and returning the square of the input.
So with that, you can look at the code and it's obvious that it's somewhere here:
C#
int Double(int value)
   {
   return value * value;
   }

Once you have an idea what might be going wrong, start using the debugger to find out why: pdb — The Python Debugger — Python 3.9.1 documentation[^]
Put a breakpoint on the first line of the function, and run your app. When it reaches the breakpoint, the debugger will stop, and hand control over to you. You can now run your code line-by-line (called "single stepping") and look at (or even change) variable contents as necessary (heck, you can even change the code and try again if you need to).
Think about what each line in the code should do before you execute it, and compare that to what it actually did when you use the "Step over" button to execute each line in turn. Did it do what you expect? If so, move on to the next line.
If not, why not? How does it differ?
Hopefully, that should help you locate which part of that code has a problem, and what the problem is.
This is a skill, and it's one which is well worth developing as it helps you in the real world as well as in development. And like all skills, it only improves by use!
   
Look at your output:
joi clk q 10 comprimés oi oxj lot de 10 onja o
'lot de'
pack of
'comprimés'
capsules
joi clk q 10 comprimés oi oxj lot de 10 onja o

The single quotes should not be there.

Your code do not behave the way you expect, or you don't understand why !

There is an almost universal solution: Run your code on debugger step by step, inspect variables.
The debugger is here to show you what your code is doing and your task is to compare with what it should do.
There is no magic in the debugger, it don't know what your code is supposed to do, it don't find bugs, it just help you to by showing you what is going on. When the code don't do what is expected, you are close to a bug.
To see what your code is doing: Just set a breakpoint and see your code performing, the debugger allow you to execute lines 1 by 1 and to inspect variables as it execute.

Debugger - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia[^]

Mastering Debugging in Visual Studio 2010 - A Beginner's Guide[^]
Basic Debugging with Visual Studio 2010 - YouTube[^]

27.3. pdb — The Python Debugger — Python 3.6.1 documentation[^]
Debugging in Python | Python Conquers The Universe[^]
pdb – Interactive Debugger - Python Module of the Week[^]

The debugger is here to only show you what your code is doing and your task is to compare with what it should do.
   
Comments
Member 15066701 7-Feb-21 6:04am
   
Hey thanks ! It works.

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