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I was reading an article in which one class has three variable declaration.

2 of type INT and 1 of type string in a class (all private variables)

In that article it was written one the control pass reach to the end of method both int type variable scope will end aromatically but for string type variable GC will check it is not referred by any instance of program then GC will collect it?

Does this mean GC won't handle value type object if yes then how these are managed?
Posted

I'm confused: you describe a Class with three variables; one is a string. Then you talk about a Method. The variables' scope will depend on where they are created: in the Class' scope, or in a method in the Class' scope.

Strings are a special case: every one you create through defining at design-time/code-time, or at run-time, is interned: put in a special CLR table called the "intern pool." The reason for that is to make all strings with the same content have only one reference point, so look-up, and comparison, can be very fast.

Interned strings become part of the Assembly itself, and are not garbage collected.

See: [^], [^].

In general it would be an exceptional use case that would need for the programmer to directly manipulate what is in the intern pool, or the interned status of a given string in your application.

In most cases programs that create too many strings (by concatenation, for example) can be re-factored to use the 'StringBuilder object.
   
Comments
PIEBALDconsult 12-Nov-14 9:51am
   
"every one you create through defining at design-time/code-time, or at run-time, is interned:"

That is not what the documentation you point to says.
BillWoodruff 12-Nov-14 12:00pm
   
Thanks for the feedback, Piebald !

Reading this in the second link, and remembering similar content read elsewhere:

"The common language runtime conserves string storage by maintaining a table, called the intern pool, that contains a single reference to each unique literal string declared or created programmatically in your program. Consequently, an instance of a literal string with a particular value only exists once in the system."

I thought I was on "safe ground" in what I wrote. Can you give me a clue to what you are referring to ?

PIEBALDconsult 12-Nov-14 12:11pm
   
Not all strings are interned; literals are, but other strings are not unless the developer specifically requests it.
BillWoodruff 12-Nov-14 12:20pm
   
Thanks, that definitely contradicts the assumptions about string handling in .NET I've developed, but correcting assumptions is a most valuable thing to do. I'm a little burned-out right now, but tomorrow will re-visit what Anders, Skeet, Lippert, Troelsen, etc. have said in various .NET books, and re-think, and if needed correct this post, or remove it.
Sudhir Dutt Rawat 12-Nov-14 10:19am
   
Correction - The variables are declared in the method not the class. Sorry for that misunderstanding.
Sergey Alexandrovich Kryukov 12-Nov-14 11:48am
   
Those variables are on stack, and the referenced objects are still in heap. If you don't carry out a reference to a calling context (method return, ref/out parameters), the variable referenced go out of scope and hence become inaccessible. This is the criterion for GC to destroy them, eventually. As Bill correctly posted, strings is a special thing due to interning.
—SA
Sergey Alexandrovich Kryukov 12-Nov-14 11:45am
   
5ed. By some (rather apparent) reasons, interning is poorly understood feature. :-)
—SA
PIEBALDconsult 12-Nov-14 12:14pm
   
Nor does it need to be understood.
BillWoodruff 12-Nov-14 12:21pm
   
Perhaps not needed, but I think it's good to know.
Sergey Alexandrovich Kryukov 12-Nov-14 12:24pm
   
The thesis "does not need to be understood" makes some sense but can lead us way to far...
—SA
Non-reference types can't be referenced from multiple places, ergo the GC needn't check for more references before deallocating the memory.


Sudhir Dutt Rawat wrote:
scope will end aromatically

:laugh: :laugh: :laugh: :laugh:
   
v2
Comments
Sergey Alexandrovich Kryukov 12-Nov-14 11:44am
   
That's correct, but a developer should take into account that a value type can have reference-type members; and each of such members can be referenced in different places.
Also, OP mentioned the strings, which are the subject of string interning. Strings are not used as other reference objects, they are reused in an intern pool.
—SA
PIEBALDconsult 12-Nov-14 11:48am
   
Yeah, so?
Actually a developer needn't care about any of that.
Sergey Alexandrovich Kryukov 12-Nov-14 12:26pm
   
Do you know about the memory leaks even in the memory-manages systems? This opens the way to create memory leaks.
—SA

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