type keyword '
var' was introduced in C# 3.0 (.NET 3.5 with Visual Studio 2008) and the type '
dynamic' was introduced in C# 4.0 ( .NET 4.0 with Visual Studio 2010). Let us see the difference between these two.
Variables declared with
var are implicitly but statically typed. Variables declared with
dynamic are dynamically typed. This capability was added to the CLR in order to support dynamic languages like Ruby and Python.
This means that
dynamic declarations are resolved at run-time,
var declarations are resolved at compile-time.
Table of Difference
|var ||dynamic |
Introduced in C# 3.0
Introduced in C# 4.0
Statically typed – This means the type of variable declared is decided by the compiler at compile time.
Dynamically typed - This means the type of variable declared is decided by the compiler at runtime time.
Need to initialize at the time of declaration.
var str=”I am a string”;
Looking at the value assigned to the variable
str, the compiler will treat the variable
str as string.
No need to initialize at the time of declaration.
str=”I am a string”; //Works fine and compiles
str=2; //Works fine and compiles
Errors are caught at compile time.
Since the compiler knows about the type and the methods and properties of the type at the compile time itself
Errors are caught at runtime
Since the compiler comes to about the type and the methods and properties of the type at the run time.
Visual Studio shows intellisense since the type of variable assigned is known to compiler.
Intellisense is not available since the type and its related methods and properties can be known at run time only
will throw a compile error since the variable is not initialized. The compiler needs that this variable should be initialized so that it can infer a type from the value.
var obj1=” I am a string”;
will throw error since the compiler has already decided that the type of
System.Int32 when the value
1 was assigned to it. Now assigning a
string value to it violates the type safety.
will compile and run
dynamic obj1=” I am a string”;
will compile and run since the compiler creates the type for
System.Int32 and then recreates the type as
string when the value “
I am a string” was assigned to it.
This code will work fine.
- 17th September, 2012: Submitted the tip and trick