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Dynamic Bound DataGrid with ExtJS

, 23 Jul 2008 CPOL
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Changing Datagrid bound data on the fly

Introduction

ExtJS is a really cool library generating fancy looking GUI apps in JavaScript. I started using ExtJS for a bunch of database frontends and found that I needed to have a DataGrid that would change its contents based on an AJAX call that filtered data based on some search parameters.

Notionally, this was easy enough and it appeared there may be many ways to make this happen. As it turns out, there is one right way and many - seemingly plausible - options that don't work.

After extracting this functionality from a few postings that were doing far more impressive things and trawling through the documentation, I figured it might be helpful to post a bare-bones example of this functionality to make it easy for the next ExtJS newbie who finds her/himself wanting to do the same thing.

Using the Code

The JavaScript/ExtJS portion looks like this:

Ext.onReady(function(){
    Ext.QuickTips.init();

    var proxy = new Ext.data.HttpProxy({
        url: 'demo.data.php',
    method: 'post'
    });

    var dstore = new Ext.data.JsonStore({
    url: 'demo.data.php',
    proxy: proxy,
    fields: ['id', 'data'],
    totalProperty: 'totalCount',
    root: 'matches'
    });
    dstore.load();

    var grid = new Ext.grid.GridPanel({
    store: dstore,
        columns: [
        {id:'id', header: "Id", width: 60,  sortable: true, dataIndex: 'id'},
        {id: 'data', header: "Data", width: 200, sortable: true, dataIndex: 'data'}
        ],
        stripeRows: true,
        autoExpandColumn: 'data',
        height:350,
        width: 500,
        title:'Demo Data'
    });

    var search = new Ext.FormPanel({
        labelWidth: 150, 
        frame:true,
        title: 'Search Demo Data',
        bodyStyle:'padding:5px 5px 0',
        width: 500,
        defaults: {width: 230},
        defaultType: 'textfield',
        items: 
    [{
            fieldLabel: 'Search regular expression',
            name: 'pattern',
        id: 'pattern'
    }],
    buttons: [{
            text: 'Search',
        handler: function() {
        dstore.load({
            params: {
            pattern: document.getElementById('pattern').value
            }});
        
        }
        }]
    });

    search.render('search_form');
    grid.render('search_results');
});

The backend datasource (which happens to be from PHP) looks like this:

<?php
$items = Array(Array('id'=>1, 'data' => 'the first item'),
           Array('id'=>2, 'data' => 'the second item'),
           Array('id'=>3, 'data' => 'one fish'),
           Array('id'=>4, 'data' => 'two fish'),
           Array('id'=>5, 'data' => 'red fish'),
           Array('id'=>6, 'data' => 'blue fish')
           );

$matches = Array();

if(!isset($_REQUEST['pattern']) || $_REQUEST['pattern'] == '') {
  $matches = $items;
} else {
  foreach ($items as $item) {
    if (eregi($_REQUEST['pattern'], $item['data'])) {
      $matches[] = $item;
    }
  }
}

echo json_encode(Array('totalCount' => count($matches),
             'matches' => $matches
             )
           );

?>

The HTML file (that really is just the standard stuff) is included in the ZIP file.

Points of Interest

MySQL/PHP Backend Data Source

For those looking to load database data (probably MySQL for PHP folk) into an ExtJS JSONStore, the PHP file supplies most of what you need to know. Basically you want an array of data that you then encode with json_encode(...). For MySQL, building the data would look a bit like:

$data = Array(); 
$qry = mysql_query("SELECT id, description FROM ...");
while ($vals = mysql_fetch_array($qry)) {
  $data[] = Array('id' => $vals['id'], 'description' => $vals['description'];
} 
echo  json_encode($data); 

Paging Control on DataGrid

If you are using a paging control on the grid, then you will want the parameters that are sent to the DataStore to persist between calls (i.e. for when they press the paging buttons to retrieve the next page of data). To do this, you need to set the baseParams property on the datastore rather than sending parameters via the params object of the load(...) call. A real world example is shown below:

function search_submit() {
  dstore.baseParams = {
      number: document.getElementById('number').value,
      title: document.getElementById('title').value,
      keywords: document.getElementById('keywords').value,
      typeid: document.getElementById('typeid').value,
      allversions: (document.getElementById('allversions').checked) ? 1 : 0,
    };
  dstore.load({
    params:  {
      start: 0,
      limit: 25
    }
  });
} 

HIstory

  • 23-Jul-2008 - PJC - First posted

License

This article, along with any associated source code and files, is licensed under The Code Project Open License (CPOL)

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About the Author

Paul Coldrey
Architect Lumient Pty Ltd
Australia Australia
No Biography provided

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Comments and Discussions

 
GeneralMy vote of 1 Pin
joby.panengadan16-Jan-12 1:47
memberjoby.panengadan16-Jan-12 1:47 
GeneralRe: My vote of 1 Pin
Paul Coldrey28-Oct-15 20:42
groupPaul Coldrey28-Oct-15 20:42 
QuestionNot working in Ext 4 Pin
Member 77884352-Dec-11 11:10
memberMember 77884352-Dec-11 11:10 
Questiondata problem in extjs4 Pin
KeesL21-Jun-11 23:19
memberKeesL21-Jun-11 23:19 
QuestionGreat Article, but I get an error in IE8 Pin
shalmali15-Jul-10 15:46
membershalmali15-Jul-10 15:46 
AnswerRe: Great Article, but I get an error in IE8 Pin
Paul Coldrey15-Jul-10 17:17
groupPaul Coldrey15-Jul-10 17:17 
QuestionGetting error in dstore.load(); Pin
gskankar10-May-10 0:34
membergskankar10-May-10 0:34 
I tried this example in my system but it is showing error in dstore.load();. If i command this line then i can get an empty grid. please any one help me to load this php file
AnswerRe: Getting error in dstore.load(); Pin
Lumient10-May-10 2:27
groupLumient10-May-10 2:27 
GeneralRe: Getting error in dstore.load(); Pin
gskankar10-May-10 3:49
membergskankar10-May-10 3:49 
GeneralRe: Getting error in dstore.load(); Pin
gskankar10-May-10 4:09
membergskankar10-May-10 4:09 

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