TL:DR - For a newcomer to Linux, likely starting out with Ubuntu or Linux Mint, installing applications that are not part of the Software Manager
or Synaptic Package Manager catalog for the chosen distro is not always intuitive at first. I take a rather long look at how to get Sublime Text 2 properly installed on your machine,
and do my best to explain what is going on, rather than simply provide terminal entries to copy and paste. I would be happy to hear from experience Linux users about how I might improve,
or where I have explained something poorly.
Also of interest:
A few months back, I decided to expand my horizons and explore Ruby and Rails. I also decided that I would do so in the more native Linux environment, rather than go the Ruby-on-Windows route. This was one of the best decisions I have made in terms of developing my skills and experience as a programmer.
The learning continues. I started with Linux Mint 13, which has a friendly enough GUI, but for most of what I am doing, I try to use the Bash CLI as much as possible. I've never been very comfortable with the command line, and so long as I am learning a new language, in a new OS environment, I figured it was time to overcome that limitation as well.
If you are an experienced Linux user, there is probably nothing here for you. This is really basic, and yet I had to look around and cull some information from a variety of sources in order to figure out how to do this.
Why Sublime Text 2
Note: As of this writing, Sublime Text 3 is available to registered Sublime Text users as a beta release.
Sublime Text 2 is not currently part of the Synaptic Package Management system on Linux Mint (or Ubuntu). Therefore, there is no magical apt-get install command as you might use to install other software on your Linux system, so we have to do a little more work.
Of course, the straightforward method of installing Sublime Text 2 on your Linux Box is to download the appropriate (23 or 64-bit) .tar file from the Sublime Text site, unpack, and locate in the directory of your choice. You can do this manually by going to the Sublime Text 2 Downloads page and clicking the appropriate download link, or you can do it all from the terminal, as described below.
If you are not as familiar with Bash command line as you would like, see my previous posts. While these were written in the context of using Git for Windows developers, the basic Bash commands are explained:
This method is described on the Sublime Text Site/Support/Linux/Installation page. Simply open a terminal in the directory you use for applications, and enter the following command (use the appropriate version fro your machine):
Note: As of this writing, Sublime Text 2.0.1 is the most recent stable release. If the stable release is updated, the URL's in the links below will change, and you will need to copy the updated URL from the Sublime Text site.
Download the Linux 32-Bit Version of Sublime Text 2:
$ wget http://c758482.r82.cf2.rackcdn.com/Sublime%20Text%202.0.1.tar.bz2
Download the Linux 64-Bit Version of Sublime Text 2:
$ wget http://c758482.r82.cf2.rackcdn.com/Sublime%20Text%202.0.1%20x64.tar.bz2
Extract the "Sublime Text 2.0.1.tar.bz2" file (this will be "Sublime Text 2.0.1 x64.tar.bz2" for the 64 bit version):
Extract the Sublime Text .tar file:
tar vxjf "Sublime Text 2.0.1.tar.bz2"
Then you can add a sym link to the executable file with a short name for convenience (it seems to be a convention to use the alias "subl" for ease of use from the terminal. The executable file will be located in the extracted Sublime Text 2 directory. For example, if you extracted the .tar contents into a directory ~/apps then the sublime_text executable will be "home/Sublime Text 2/sublime_text" (since there are spaces in the directory name, we need to use quotes around the path).
Add a Sym link:
sudo ln -s "~apps/Sublime Text 2/sublime_text" /usr/bin/subl
The above method is easiest, but does not leave you with a convenient way to update Sublime Text in the future short of removing the current installation, re-downloading, and re-installing. There is an arguably better method, which relies on the Personal Package Archive system.
Canonical, the company which supports Ubuntu, has created the Launchpad.net site which, among other things, hosts a repository for Personal Package Archives (PPA's). Here, individuals and teams can upload their own software and installation packages, and it is possible to find deployment packages for software that is not included in the Ubuntu or Linux Mint Synaptic Package Manager for your specific distribution. It is also possible to add the PPA to your Synaptic catalog, so that you can then run apt-get install, apt-get update and the like to keep your package up to date.
Or, at least as up to date as the package maintainer at Launchpad keeps theirs.
8/23/2013 UPDATE: As of
7/19/2013 the WebUpd8team also has a PPA for Sublime Text 3 (currently still in
beta). If you want to use Sublime Text 3, simply substitute
Sublime-Text-2 in all
of the commands below. Note that if you used the PPA for Sublime Text 2 to install that version, this will replace the version 2 install with the version 3 beta.
The WebUpd8team at Launchpad has created (among other things) a PPA for Sublime Text 2 which is up to date with version 2.0.1 as of this writing. To add Sublime Text 2 to your Synaptic catalog, and install according to the install script published with the PPA, follow these steps:
Add the Sublime Text 2 Repository to your Synaptic Package Manager:
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:webupd8team/sublime-text-2
sudo apt-get update
Install Sublime Text:
sudo apt-get install sublime-text
8/23/2013 Update: If you are installing the Sublime Text 3
Beta as discussed in the update above, use this command instead of apt-get install
sudo apt-get install sublime-text-installer
Next, check the usr/bin directory. You should see at least one file, named sublime-text-2, and you should also see two others, named sublime-text and subl. These create aliases you can use to invoke Sublime Text 2 from the command line. If the subl and sublime-text files are not present, copy the sublime-text-2 file and make them:
Create alias files (if not present):
$ sudo cp /usr/bin/sublime-text-2 /usr/bin/sublime-text
$ sudo cp /usr/bin/sublime-text-2 /usr/bin/subl
There you have it. You can now use Sublime Text 2 from you command line. Also, you should see it available in your GUI in the applications menu.
This has been a long post about a relatively simple operation. My goal has been to explain the concepts as fully as possible, under the assumption that there are those out there, like myself, new enough to Linux to need the extra handholding. Thanks for reading!
John on Google