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Posted 12 Jan 2014

LINQ – Element Operations

, 12 Jan 2014 CPOL
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Element operations in LINQ


In the last blog post, we discussed about Click Event and Change Event in jQuery. You can read that article here. In this article, we will go over Element Operations in LINQ.

Different Element Operations in LINQ are as follows:

  • ElementAt/ElementAtOrDefault - Returns the element at a specified index
    • Look at the example code below. We have a sequence of 2 strings, Hello and World. If we write notEmpty.ElementAt(1), we will get World as output. So this is zero based indexing and World is the element at position 1.
  • First/FirstOrDefault - Returns the first element of a collection
    • You may use this Element Operation quite frequently with queries, particularly when working with databases. So using this operation, instead of getting back an IEnumerable collection, we will just get back one element reference.
  • Last/LastOrDefault – Returns the last element of a collection
  • Single/SingleOrDefault - Returns a single element
    • This Element Operator returns a single element instead of getting IEnumerable collection. So it is almost similar to First/FirstOrDefault operator. The primary difference is that, with Single, if there isn’t just one result in the sequence, it will throw an exception.


sting[] empty={ };
sting[] notEmpty={ “Hello”,“World”};
var result=empty.FirstOrDefault(); //null
result=notEmpty.Last();            //World
result=notEmpty.ElementAt(1);      //World
result=empty.First();              //InvalidOperationException
result=notEmpty.Single();         //InvalidOperationException



This article, along with any associated source code and files, is licensed under The Code Project Open License (CPOL)


About the Author

Arun Ramachandran India
Software Developer
India India
Arun Ramachandran is a Software Engineer having hands on experience in different Microsoft Technologies who is presently working in Experion Technologies, India. He has written over 95 articles on the subject on his blog at Along with 3 years of hands on experience he holds a Master of Computer Applications degree from Cochin University of Science & Technology (CUSAT).

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Comments and Discussions

QuestionIt's a nice roundup of a couple of extensions Pin
lespauled13-Jan-14 7:12
memberlespauled13-Jan-14 7:12 

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