Express editions are the down-sized, free IDEs provided by Microsoft, so that developers
can experiment and get a feel of what the Enterprise editions will look like. One of the products provided in the
Express edition suite is Web Developer 2008 Express edition. Visual Web Developer
lets us make web applications in .NET. One of the big drawbacks of Visual Web Developer
Express edition is that it helps to debug, but does not compile ASPX pages. In other words, no DLL is generated for the ASPX pages. This tutorial will discuss how we can use aspnet_compiler.exe to generate DLLs for web projects developed in Visual 2008
Web Developer Express edition.
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Aspnet_compiler.exe to the rescue
As said previously, Visual Web Developer Express does not compile DLLs for ASPX pages.
However, we can achieve this by using the
compiler aspnet_compiler.exe. Aspnet_compiler.exe is located in the framework directory. You can
find the it in Windows\Microsoft.NET\Framework\v2.0.50727\. You can download the 2.0
Below are the command line parameters commonly used with aspnet_compiler.exe.
|Prints a description of all parameters.|
|Specifies the path that follows is a virtual path.|
|The physical path of the application to compile.|
|Specifies the compiled application can be updated.|
|Causes the compiled application to be fully rebuilt, overwriting any existing files.|
|Creates debug output, making the application easier to debug if a problem arises after its copied.|
Using external tools for automation
We will specify the aspnet_compiler.exe utility in the external tools of the IDE. So click on tools → external tools and you will be shown
the dialog box as shown below.
Enter the command, arguments and title as shown in the figure below.
The most important part is the arguments. We have used the '
variable to get the current web project path. So
–p provides the project path.
–V specifies where the ASP.NET DLL should be sent. We have given the directory
name as '
FullyCompiled'. The two dots before the directory name specifies that this folder should be in the web directory. So if your web directory is in "C:\Shiv", then the DLL's will be compiled in
-p "$(ProjectDir)" -v / "$(ProjectDir)\..\FullyCompiled"
Now you will find a compile item in the Tools menu as shown below.
Hit it and you will see a compiled DLL of your ASPX pages in the FullyCompiled folder.