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Posted 18 Aug 2007

Dynamic Website Multi-languages Management

, 18 Aug 2007
A smart way to manage languages on a multilingual website, using resources and globalization,localization
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Globalization;
using System.IO;
using System.Threading;

/// <summary>
/// Class to manage language on the website
/// </summary>
public sealed class LanguageManager
    /// <summary>
    /// Default CultureInfo
    /// </summary>
    public static readonly CultureInfo DefaultCulture = new CultureInfo("en-US");

    /// <summary>
    /// Available CultureInfo that according resources can be found
    /// </summary>
    public static readonly CultureInfo[] AvailableCultures;

    static LanguageManager()
        // Available Cultures
        List<string> availableResources = new List<string>();
        string resourcespath = Path.Combine(System.Web.HttpRuntime.AppDomainAppPath, "App_GlobalResources");
        DirectoryInfo dirInfo = new DirectoryInfo(resourcespath);
        foreach (FileInfo fi in dirInfo.GetFiles("*.*.resx", SearchOption.AllDirectories))
            //Take the cultureName from resx filename, will be smt like en-US
            string cultureName = Path.GetFileNameWithoutExtension(fi.Name); //get rid of .resx
            if (cultureName.LastIndexOf(".") == cultureName.Length - 1)
                continue; //doesnt accept format FileName..resx
            cultureName = cultureName.Substring(cultureName.LastIndexOf(".") + 1);

        List<CultureInfo> result = new List<CultureInfo>();
        foreach (CultureInfo culture in CultureInfo.GetCultures(CultureTypes.SpecificCultures))
            //If language file can be found
            if (availableResources.Contains(culture.ToString()))

        AvailableCultures = result.ToArray();

        // Current Culture
        CurrentCulture = DefaultCulture;
        // If default culture is not available, take another available one to use
        if (!result.Contains(DefaultCulture) && result.Count>0)
            CurrentCulture = result[0];

    /// <summary>
    /// Current selected culture
    /// </summary>
    public static CultureInfo CurrentCulture
        get { return Thread.CurrentThread.CurrentCulture; }
            //Thread.CurrentThread.CurrentCulture = new CultureInfo("fr-A"); //correct
            //Thread.CurrentThread.CurrentCulture = new CultureInfo("fr"); //correct
            //Thread.CurrentThread.CurrentCulture = new CultureInfo("fr-A"); //correct as we have given locale 
            //Thread.CurrentThread.CurrentCulture = new CultureInfo("fr"); //wrong, will not work
            Thread.CurrentThread.CurrentUICulture = value;
            Thread.CurrentThread.CurrentCulture = value;

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About the Author

Team Leader
Vietnam Vietnam


Full Name : Nguyen Thanh Tung
Sex : Male
Date of Birth : October 06, 1983
Nationality : Vietnamese


Trustworthy, efficient, capable work under pressure, outgoing person and capable work in a team.


    • Proficient in Programming: .Net 1.0/1.1/2.0/3.0/3.5 (C#, VB.Net, ASP.Net,
      AJAX, WCF, WWF), VB4/5/6, ASP, PHP, HTML, CSS, Script, XML.
      Experience with Vs Source Safe, Team System, MsBuild, SVN/CVS. Knowledge about
      UnitTest, Test-Driven development.
    • Experience with Databases: SQL Server 2000/2005, MySQL
      4.x/5.x/6.x, Oracle, PostgreSQL, Ms. Access.
    • Experience in EIS: ERP, CRM, SCM ...
    • Experience with Microsoft Products: CRM3/4, Sharepoint
      2003/2007 ...
    • Proficient in OS: Linux (Redhat, Fedora, Mandrake, Suse), Windows (2000/2003
      Server, XP, Vista).
    • Proficient in Graphics (Flash, Photoshop, 3DMax …); Microsoft Office, Visio,
      Microsoft Project.
    • Proficient in Network Devices: Router, Switch, Firewall Server, Mail Server,
      FTP Server, DNS, VPN.
      Experience in Servers: IBM, HP, Sun, Dell ...
    • Familiar with OO and SOA concepts.
    • Knowledge about project management: CMMI, Agile and Scrum, Software
      Engineering, System Analysis and Design, IT Project Management. 
    • Knowledge in Accounting and Finance: Financial Statement, Income
      Statement ...


    • SMS Gateway.
    • POP3-IMAP-SMTP App.
    • Products Management Sys.
    • Hedge Fund Management Sys.
    • Motion detection.
    • 3D games engine (C# using OpenGL Lib).
    • Video Conference.
    • Information Retrieval.
    • Microsoft CRM3/4
    • Microsoft Sharepoint Portal 2003/2007
    • CMS
    • E-Commerce

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