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Posted 21 Jan 2012

Smoothing Kinect Depth Frames in Real-Time

, 24 Jan 2012
Removing noise from the Kinect Depth Frames in real-time using pixel filters and weighted moving average techniques.
using System.Threading.Tasks;
using System.Windows;
using System.Windows.Media;
using System.Windows.Media.Imaging;
using Microsoft.Research.Kinect.Nui;

namespace KinectDepthSmoothing
    public partial class MainWindow : Window
        private BitmapSource CreateSmoothImageFromDepthArray(ImageFrame image)
            int width = image.Image.Width;
            int height = image.Image.Height;

            // We first want to create a simple array where each index represents a single pixel of depth information.
            // This will make it easier to work with the data to filter and average it for smoothing.
            short[] depthArray = CreateDepthArray(image);

            // Users can decide from the UI if this feature is applied
            if (useFiltering)
                depthArray = CreateFilteredDepthArray(depthArray, width, height);

            // Users can decide from the UI if this feature is applied
            if (useAverage)
                depthArray = CreateAverageDepthArray(depthArray);

            // After we have processed the data, we can transform it into color channels for final rendering.
            byte[] colorBytes = CreateColorBytesFromDepthArray(depthArray, width, height);

            return BitmapSource.Create(width, height, 96, 96, PixelFormats.Bgr32, null, colorBytes, width * PixelFormats.Bgr32.BitsPerPixel / 8);

        private byte[] CreateColorBytesFromDepthArray(short[] depthArray, int width, int height)
            // We multiply the product of width and height by 4 because each byte
            // will represent a different color channel per pixel in the final iamge.
            byte[] colorFrame = new byte[width * height * 4];

            // Process each row in parallel
            Parallel.For(0, 240, depthArrayRowIndex =>
                // Process each pixel in the row
                for (int depthArrayColumnIndex = 0; depthArrayColumnIndex < 320; depthArrayColumnIndex++)
                    var distanceIndex = depthArrayColumnIndex + (depthArrayRowIndex * 320);

                    // Because the colorFrame we are creating has four times as many bytes representing
                    // a pixel in the final image, we set the index to for times of the depth index.
                    var index = distanceIndex * 4;

                    // Map the distance to an intesity that can be represented in RGB
                    var intensity = CalculateIntensityFromDistance(depthArray[distanceIndex]);

                    // Apply the intensity to the color channels
                    colorFrame[index + BlueIndex] = intensity;
                    colorFrame[index + GreenIndex] = intensity;
                    colorFrame[index + RedIndex] = intensity;

            return colorFrame;

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About the Author

Karl Sanford
Software Developer Open Systems Technologies
United States United States
First learned to program in 1997 on my TI-83 and have been doing it ever since, with a foray into networking and infrastructure.

Mostly a C# junky (Win\Web Forms, WP7.5/8, WPF and MVC), though I have experience with many other technologies and products.

I have also been trying to learn and apply more in the area of AI; focusing on computer vision, natural language processing, and classification.

In my spare time, I love to tinker with electronics and various useless DIY projects.

My brain is a shark... if it stops moving, it will die. I'm always looking to learn more.

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