Normally, you'd place the .Flush/.Close and .Dispose in the Finally block. You'd first check to see that the stream is indeed open before you called Close on it, then Dispose it.
Why? Because your code could throw an exception before or during the file open, so it's possible that the file never gets opened. Also, it's possible that your code could throw an exception during the manipulation of the file, leaving the file hung open in the Catch/Finally handlers. Finally gets executed no matter what happens in the Try block, so checking and closing the file in the Finally block is the best place to do it.
Dim sw As StreamWriter
sw = New StreamWriter(filePath)
For x As Integer = 1 to 100
Catch ex As Exception
' used a 'catch all' Exception which is not really good practice!!
' You'll only get a StreamWriter object if the file was successfully opened!
If Not sw Is Nothing Then
Now in place of that, with VB.NET 2005, you can instead use the Using keyword to do the same thing. When the code execution leaves the Using block for any reason the object created on the Using line is automatically closed Disposed.
Using sw As StreamWriter = New StreamWriter(filePath)
For x As Integer = 1 to 100
Catch ex As Exception
If you're writing to all 5 files for each record you write, no there isn't unless you turn off the automatic formatting in Tools/Options. But do that also turns off the formatting for every file in every project you open from then on.
If your picking which file you are going to write to for each record, then create a StreamWriter when you need to write to that particulare file. Don't open the file(s) unless you need to write to it. But, there is a performance penality for doing this, so you might want to test it before you nail it down as production code. But, if you sacrifice performance just to make the code "look pretty", I'll frown up you if you ever end up on my team...
Basically, no there isn't. It's not so bad. I've seen C++ and C# code indented 20-30 levels deep because of nested IF's and loops. It happens...
You're saying there is a performance hit to open the file everytime you need to write to it or to open 5 and write if you need to when you need to until you are done and then closing them all?
Yes, there is a performance penalty for opening and closing a file. Try it. Write a little app that opens a file, writes 10,000 lines of text to it, then closes it. Then rewrite that loop so it opens the file, writes a line to it, then closes it, 10,000 times. See which one runs faster.
checking for nothing establishes if it is ok to Flush and Close?
You're checking to see if it is safe to call Flush and Close, and even Dispose, on that object. If that object is Nothing, then any call you make on it will result in a Null Reference Exception.
are you saying I could simply call .Dispose and it would take care of the Flush/Close instead of me calling those 2 in addition to the .Dispose?
I am running VB.NEt(2003). I have a solution with 2 projects - the True project and the Setup project. User documentation is in a Help directory which contains 29 htm, bmp, and ico files. A year ago, both projects were fine and Setup project successfully deployed to several computers. I've completed some maintenance to the True project, which compiles and tests OK in Debug mode.
When I change to Release mode, the Setup project will not compile. It seems to make no difference whether I click Build or Rebuild for either the Setup project or the Solution.
Sometimes I get this error message C:\Development\VBN\VAQSO\VAQSO_Setup\VAQSO_Setup.vdproj Could not find file 'C:\Program Files\Microsoft Visual Studio .NET 2003\Common7\Tools\Deployment\.\MsiRedist\1033\MsiLoadr.Bin' 'Interface not registered' Note the \.\ in the middle. The file & path (without the period) exist.
Usually I get this error message C:\Development\VBN\VAQSO\VAQSO_Setup\VAQSO_Setup.vdproj Could not find file 'C:\Development\VBN\VAQSO\VAQSO\bin\Help\Clear.ico' 'Interface not registered' This file and path also exist. This file is in the Setup project in a directory under the Application Folder. I can make this error go away in three steps. 1-Delete the entry from the Setup project. 2-Rename the file on my hard drive. 3-Add the renamed file back into the Setup project. Usually this works on this file, but another file in the same folder will come up missing the next build.
I figure I've busted a setting someplace, but I have no idea which one. This is the only VB project I maintain so I'm on thin ice here. Any ideas why the compiler is behaving this way?
Although not the exact same problem, I have experienced similar things. You could probably investigate and experiment until you're ready to chuck your PC out of the window , but I recommend trying any of the following slightly more radical solutions:
1. delete the installer project, and add a new one to the solution.
2. start a new empty solution, add the main project (add existing project), and create a new installer project
3. uninstall and reinstall .NET Studio, and then solution 2.
I have spend about a week trying to solve my own problem, before I solved it in 15 minutes with solution 2.
My advice is free, and you may get what you paid for.
A call to PInvoke function 'Project1!Project1.Module1::NGIMAPBR_AutoDetectAndDecode2DBarcode' has unbalanced the stack. This is likely because the managed PInvoke signature does not match the unmanaged target signature. Check that the calling convention and parameters of the PInvoke signature match the target unmanaged signature.
Public Declare Function NGIMAPBR_AutoDetectAndDecode2DBarcode Lib "imgap32.dll" Alias "_NGIMAPBR_AutoDetectAndDecode2DBarcode@28" (ByVal hInputDIB As Long, ByVal rectSearchLocation As rect, ByVal lSearchOption As Long, ByRef lNoofBarcodes As Long, ByVal lphBarcodeInformation As Long, ByVal lphreserved1 As Long, ByVal lphreserved2 As Long) As Long
i used the above function it says thet the struct Rect must be used as the marshall attribute to be passed as argument
Apparently, you're trying to use a VB6 signature in VB.NET code. That won't work without some conversion.
For example, a Long in VB6 is a 32-bit signed integer, while in VB.NET the same Long keyword is a 64-bit signed integer. If you want to translate the code, you have to replace the VB6 Long's with VB.NET Integer's. This is the biggest reason why people get this error message when using code they don't understand.
Also, any structures must be passed as an actual structure, not a Long or Integer.
You don't export the DataGridView. You export the data that the grid is bound to, like a DataTable or a DataSet object. In either case, the process is the same. The easy way is to create a normal Text file with a filename of something.CSV (comma seperated values) and iterate through your data tables, row-by-row, writing each column value, converted to a string, to the file with a comma between the values.
The harder way is to instantiate an Excel object, create a new workbook, then a new worksheet in the workbook, go through your data tables the same way you do for a CSV file, and place each value in the tables into a cell in the worksheet, saving the workbook when your done.
There's tons of examples out on the net. All you have to do is Google for "VB.NET export datagrid to excel".
You can specify a format string for a datetime, or call ToShortTimeString() to get the time only
Christian Graus - Microsoft MVP - C++ Metal Musings - Rex and my new metal blog
"I am working on a project that will convert a FORTRAN code to corresponding C++ code.I am not aware of FORTRAN syntax" ( spotted in the C++/CLI forum )
I can connect to the local COM port thru VB.Net
How can I connect to a COM port on a remote machine? What URL/URI do I give for the port address: is it "servername:port number" or something else?
What is the valid specification to access a remote port?
Obviously, I have not yet found any answers to the questions above. Can somebody help me in getting the answers?
You can't. There's no way you can just "connect" to a remote COM port like that. You have to have a remote application running on the target machine to use that machines COM port, then you establish a connection between your local app and the remote app over the network using any method you want, like .NET Remoting, WinSock, ...
Dave Kreskowiak Microsoft MVP - Visual Basic
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