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Drawing a Postnet barcode

, 8 Feb 2006 CPOL
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Drawing a Postnet barcode based on Neil Van Eps' and Rainman_63's articles
Sample Image - Postnet.gif

Introduction

This article is based on Neil Van Eps' series of articles that show how to draw barcodes. In this article, the code will draw the 1D barcode of Postnet.

Postnet Basics

PostNet was developed by the United States Postal Service (USPS) to allow faster sorting and routing of mail. Postnet is the familiar, funny-looking barcode often printed on envelopes and business return mail.

Encode Table

This table indicates how to encode each digit of a PostNet barcode. Note that the encoding is expressed as "0" (half bar) or "1" (full bar).

ASCII CHARACTER BARCODE ENCODING
0 11000
1 00011
2 00101
3 00110
4 01001
5 01010
6 01100
7 10001
8 10010
9 10100

Structure of Postnet Barcode

A PostNet barcode has the following structure:

  1. Frame bar, encoded as a single 1
  2. 5, 9, or 11 data characters properly encoded (see encoding table below)
  3. Check digit, encoded using encoding table below
  4. Final frame bar, encoded as a single 1

Computing the Checksum Digit

PostNet barcodes always include a modulo 10 check digit.

Before a PostNet symbol may be encoded, a checksum digit must be calculated to be subsequently appended to the end of the barcode. The checksum digit is a simple modulo 10 calculation of the sum of all the digits that are being coded.

The steps for calculating the check digit are as follows:

  1. Sum the total of all individual digits being encoded. For example, 80122-1905 would be calculated as 8 + 0 + 1 + 2 + 2 + 1 + 9 + 0 + 5 = 28.
  2. Determine the value that, when added to the sum, produces a value evenly divisible by 10. For example, 28 + 2 = 30, so the value is 2.
  3. The check digit is the value calculated in step 2. In this case the check digit is 2.

CEAN13 Class

My CEAN13 is based on the CBarcode class, that has been introduced in Neil Van Eps' series of articles.

Here is the CPostnet class declaration. It's implemented to draw a Postnetbarcode.

class CRationalCodabar : public CBarcode  
{
public:
 void DrawBitmap();
 void BitmapToClipboard();
 CRationalCodabar();
 virtual ~CRationalCodabar();

private:
 CString RetrievePattern(char c);
 void DrawPattern(CString csPattern);
};

CPostnet::DrawBitmap() Details

void CPostnet::DrawPattern( CString csPattern )
{
 int   i,nXPixel,nYPixel;
 CDC   oDC;

 // attach to the device context
 oDC.Attach(m_hDC);

 // initialize X pixel value
 nXPixel = m_nStartingXPixel;
 
 for (i=0;i<csPattern.GetLength();i++)
 {  // X value for loop
  for (nXPixel=m_nStartingXPixel;nXPixel<m_nStartingXPixel+m_nNarrowBarPixelWidth;
       nXPixel++)
  {   
    // if this is a bar
   if (csPattern.GetAt(i)=='b')
   {
    for (nYPixel=m_nStartingYPixel;nYPixel<m_nStartingYPixel+m_nPixelHeight;nYPixel++)
    {
     oDC.SetPixelV(nXPixel,nYPixel,COLORBLACK);
    }
   }
   else
   {
    for (nYPixel=m_nStartingYPixel;nYPixel<m_nStartingYPixel+m_nPixelHeight/2;nYPixel++)
    {
     oDC.SetPixelV(nXPixel,nYPixel,COLORBLACK);
    }
   }

   for (nYPixel=m_nStartingYPixel;nYPixel<m_nStartingYPixel+m_nPixelHeight;nYPixel++)
   {
    oDC.SetPixelV(nXPixel+m_nNarrowBarPixelWidth,nYPixel,COLORWHITE);
   }
  }

  // advance the starting position
  m_nStartingXPixel+= 2*m_nNarrowBarPixelWidth;
 }

 // detach from the device context
 oDC.Detach();
 
 return;
}

Other Resources

Here are some resources about barcodes:

History

  • 9th February, 2006: Initial post

License

This article, along with any associated source code and files, is licensed under The Code Project Open License (CPOL)

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About the Author

Iven Xu
Web Developer
China China
My home page: http://www.xtrafinal.com

Comments and Discussions

 
Questionthanks ! you can also try this Pinmemberjacaboo15-Aug-13 17:08 
QuestionPostnet barcode control PinmemberZacbr29-Apr-12 15:50 
BugChecksum problem Pinmemberaxisback19-Nov-11 4:31 
General[Message Deleted] Pinmembercabbage_kongxin10-Feb-06 20:17 
GeneralRe: Oh my god PinmemberIven Xu11-Feb-06 2:07 
GeneralRe: Oh my god PinmemberRavi Bhavnani11-Feb-06 7:53 
QuestionDo you happen to know... PinmemberPandele Florin8-Feb-06 23:07 
AnswerRe: Do you happen to know... PinmemberIven Xu11-Feb-06 2:28 

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