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Using MS DataGrid control with ADO

, 2 Sep 2001
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Use the MS DataGrid control in your C++ app with ADO

Sample Image - msdatagrid.gif

Introduction

The Microsoft DataGrid is usually seen associated with VB when you start searching for information on how to implement the MS DataGrid in Visual C++. There is not a lot of information out there and therefore many Visual C++ programmers tend not to use this excellent and easy to use database control.

This is a simple implementation that shows you how to use the MS DataGrid control with ADO. The sample has been tested with both MS Access and SQL Server, in theory you should be able to use it against all data sources that support OLE-DB.

You can find information on the DataGrid control and its properties at MSDN.

Requirements

MDAC v2.1 or higher (This can be obtained from Microsoft). This contains the OLE DB drivers that are required to hook up to the database or the data source.

A good Knowledge of ADO (ActiveX Data Object) is also required to understand the binding process to the DataGrid.

Using ADO

In order to use the ADO COM object you will need to import the following type libraries, this should be done in your stdafx.h file.

#import msado15.dll  //This contains the ADO Type Library.
#import Oledb32.dll  //this contains the Data Source Locator COM Interface

Please note  that you may need to add the full path to these DLLs or you can add the path through your visual C++ environment via:

Tools->Options->Directories->Include Files

Adding the DataGrid control to the project

You need to add the DataGrid control to your project, this is done in the usual way via:

Project->Add to project->Components and Controls

Select the Registered ActiveX Control folder from the dialog and find Microsoft DataGrid Control, Version 6 (OLEDB).

Registered Controls - msdatagrid2.gif

Then press the insert button, the following dialog will appear:

Insert Classes - msdatagrid3.gif

You only need the CDataGrid class for this sample, therefore check only this class.

Go to the Resource editor, you should see the MS DataGrid Control added to your collection of controls that you can use. The CDataGrid class will have been generated for you in DataGrid.h and DataGrid.CPP, these files will also have been added to your project.

Bind the DataGrid to a Dialog or Formview

Use the Class Wizard in the normal way to bind the control to a Dialog or Formview. Class wizard will bind the CDataGrid class with the control.

CDataGrid m_ctlDataGrid;
void CDataGridView::DoDataExchange(CDataExchange* pDX)
{
    CFormView::DoDataExchange(pDX);
    //{{AFX_DATA_MAP(CDataGridView)
    DDX_Control(pDX, IDC_DATAGRID1, m_ctlDataGrid);
    //}}AFX_DATA_MAP
}

Bind the DataGrid to ADO

You have to bind the DataGrid at run-time using an ADO Recordset. The following code gives you the example used.

void CDataGridView::UpdateGridDetails(const CString& sTableName)
{
    CMainFrame* pMainFrame = reinterpret_cast<CMAINFRAME*>(AfxGetMainWnd());
    if (pMainFrame)
    {
        m_pRS = NULL; 
        m_pRS.CreateInstance(__uuidof(Recordset));
        try  
        {
            m_pRS->CursorLocation= adUseClient;
            m_pRS->Open((LPCSTR)sTableName,(LPCSTR)pMainFrame->
                m_ptrConnection->GetConnectionString(), 
                adOpenKeyset,adLockOptimistic, adCmdTable);
        }
	    catch (_com_error &e)
        {
            AfxMessageBox(GetErrorDescription(e));
        }
	    
    	//Demonstrates, how to populate DataGrid 
    	//by assigning it a Recordset object.
	    m_ctlDataGrid.SetCaption(sTableName);
        m_ctlDataGrid.SetRefDataSource(NULL);
        m_ctlDataGrid.SetRefDataSource( (LPUNKNOWN) m_pRS );
        m_ctlDataGrid.Refresh();
	    
        UpdateData(FALSE);	
    }
}

The SetRefDataSource property is used to bind the ADO Recordset generated to the control. Please note that the type of Recordset cursor generated determines what can and can not be done in the grid. Example if a forward only cursor is used, then the grid will not allow you to add, edit or delete records via the grid.

Note - The client cursor location needs to be set in order for it to work with MS Access (This is not required in SQL Server).

Conclusion

The MS DataGrid control is straight forward to use as long as you know ADO.

License

This article has no explicit license attached to it but may contain usage terms in the article text or the download files themselves. If in doubt please contact the author via the discussion board below.

A list of licenses authors might use can be found here

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About the Author

Rashid Thadha
Web Developer
United Kingdom United Kingdom
Was made redundant in early 2003 after 10 years in computer programming, since then started my own business (selling computer books on the net)
www.pricecutbook.co.uk
 

Comments and Discussions

 
Questionhow to add combobox to DataGrid in VC++ Pinmemberpangziququ323-Nov-12 20:37 
GeneralMy vote of 3 Pinmemberbuyong10-Nov-11 22:11 
Generaldao.ocx dbgrid.ocx PinmemberMember 28096371-Sep-10 11:18 
Questionadd column number in DataGrid control Pinmemberauliac26-Jan-10 6:58 
GeneralWTL/ATL Pinmembermanosza10-Jan-09 22:04 
QuestionMicrosoft DataGrid Control, Version 6 (OLEDB) PinmemberMichael B Pliam2-Apr-08 14:28 
AnswerRe: Microsoft DataGrid Control, Version 6 (OLEDB) PinmemberMartaFdez9-Dec-09 2:47 
GeneralRe: Microsoft DataGrid Control, Version 6 (OLEDB) PinmemberMichael B Pliam11-Dec-09 15:02 
QuestionHow can you print this grid???? Pinmemberjani0120-Nov-07 23:13 
QuestionProblem with CDataGrid Pinmembereryreyeryeryeryeyryye16-Apr-07 5:16 

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