Rotating Terrain with Basic Matrices Input
Now, we will learn to perform basic input commands on our sample so that we can traverse the island from a "god" camera.
This is only basic matrices input. As I personally get better at this I will add more / update this tutorial.
Short & Sweet
As we learnt a lot about matrices in the earlier tutorials, we can now add input relatively painlessly.
Add the following variables to your form class:
public const float rotateSpeed = 2;
public float Zoom = 0.0f;
public float Alpha = 0;
public float Beta = 0;
public float Charlie = 10;
The first one of these is a modifier which will define how fast we rotate / zoom our terrain. As this is a sample as opposed to a game, we do not need to time it as nothing needs to be balanced. However, it is nice to have a simple member to change to modify the speed.
The next is used, as the name suggests to zoom around the landscape.
The other three are used to rotate the world along its X, Y and Z axes.
Now, at the top of the Paint event handler, add the following lines:
device.Transform.View = Matrix.LookAtLH ( new Vector3 ( 0, Zoom, 150 ),
new Vector3 ( 0, -5, 0 ), new Vector3 ( 0, 1, 0 ) );
device.Transform.World = Matrix.Translation ( -256 / 2, -256/ 2, 0 )*
Matrix.RotationX ( Alpha ) * Matrix.RotationY ( Beta ) *
Matrix.RotationZ ( Charlie );
As you can see, we change the View (camera position)'s Y axis (for different results, try moving the Zoom member to affect different axis).
And then we multiply our world transformation by the rotation values.
Try fiddling around with these to learn more about matrices, putting what we learnt in previous tutorials into practice.
The final part of this short tutorial is to make a system to actually change the values. We will wire up the KeyDown event, for reasons explained in the Base Tutorial (3).
The event simply checks the keys we want, and performs the event needed:
private void Form1_KeyDown ( object sender, KeyEventArgs e )
Charlie += 0.01f * rotateSpeed;
Charlie -= 0.01f * rotateSpeed;
Alpha += 0.01f * rotateSpeed;
Alpha -= 0.01f * rotateSpeed;
Beta += 0.01f * rotateSpeed;
Beta -= 0.01f * rotateSpeed;
Zoom += 1f * rotateSpeed;
Zoom -= 1f * rotateSpeed;
DONT FORGET TO WIRE THE EVENT HANDLER IN THE FORMS CONSTRUCTOR:
this.KeyDown += new KeyEventHandler(Form1_KeyDown);
As you can see, we can easily change the speed simply by changing the value assigned to the constant member rotateSpeed, making our sample easily adjustable.
And thats it You now have a rotatable, zoomable landscape. This tutorial was just to give you a little "nudge" into matrices manipulation. I reccomend you play with the variables yourself.
In a future tutorial we may look into a more robust input system.
I am always open for answering questions, whether through MSN (firstname.lastname@example.org), email (email@example.com) or through the message board attatched to this article.
If you have a problem with any of my samples / my topics in general please feel free to ask me.
Or you can post on my forums at http//www.just-code-it.net
26/05/06: Posted on CodeProject
Part 1: Setting Up DirectX
Part 2: Initialising Direct3D
Part 3: Rendering Primitives
Part 4: The Transformation Pipeline
Part 5: Basic Texturing
Part 6: Batch Processing Primitives
Part 7: Using Heightmaps
Part 8: Exploring Terrain with Input