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Save ViewState on the File System

, 2 Sep 2007 CPOL
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An article on how to save the ViewState on the file system.


One disadvantage of the ViewSate is it adds extra kilobytes of data to the payload. To overcome this disadvantage, it can be saved on the server.


There are three options to save the ViewState on the server.

  1. MS SQL Server
  2. File System
  3. Memory

Using MS SQL Server is expensive. If you do not have MS SQL Server, you have to pay extra money and the speed of it is the lowest. Using memory is expensive too. Because memory is a scarce resource. So, I have chosen to save the ViewSate on the file system.

Using the code

.NET uses the SavePageStateToPersistenceMedium method to save the ViewSate and the LoadPageStateFromPersistenceMedium method to load the ViewSate. I will override these functions to save and load the ViewSate using the file system.

protected override void SavePageStateToPersistenceMedium(Object viewState)
    LosFormatter lf = new LosFormatter();
    StringWriter sw = new StringWriter();
    System.Text.StringBuilder sb = new System.Text.StringBuilder();
    string fileName = this.GenerateFileName();

    lf.Serialize(sw, viewState);
    sb = sw.GetStringBuilder();
    WriteFile(sb.ToString(), fileName);

    sb = null;
    lf = null;
    sw = null;
protected override Object LoadPageStateFromPersistenceMedium()
    Object deserializedValue = null;
    string fileName = GetFileName();
    LosFormatter lf = new LosFormatter();

    deserializedValue = lf.Deserialize(ReadFile(fileName));
    lf = null;

    return deserializedValue;

GenerateFileName() generates and registers a file name using the Session ID and a GUID. The ViewState is saved in this file. GetFileName() returns this registered file name.


Saving ViewState on the page

Screenshot - saveViewState1.jpg

Saving ViewState on the file system

Screenshot - saveViewState2.jpg

You can see that the page size and the load time decrease with this method.

Using the demo

You should change the ViewStateRootDirectory in the web.config according to your directory structure. The ASP.NET user must have write permission to this directory.

In the Session_End event, the ViewState storage directory is deleted. In the Application_Start event, ViewStateRootDirectory is loaded to the cache to increase performance instead of reading it from web.config every time.



This article, along with any associated source code and files, is licensed under The Code Project Open License (CPOL)


About the Author

Web Developer
Turkey Turkey
Ibrahim ULUDAG
Software Developer

Comments and Discussions

GeneralRe: One problem that should be noticed Pinmembershlomiw6-Sep-07 8:05 
GeneralRe: One problem that should be noticed Pinmemberibrahimuludag6-Sep-07 12:51 
GeneralRe: One problem that should be noticed PinmemberAndre Luiz V Sanches6-Sep-07 20:31 

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