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XamlWriter and Bindings Serialization

, 29 Jun 2008
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About serialization of Bindings to XAML with the standard MS XamlWriter.

Introduction

This article is to show how we can save your dynamically created bindings to XAML by using the standard MS XamlWriter class in a simple and easy manner.

Background

I am one of the developers of a project called FreeSCADA. One of the main parts of this project is the Graphical Designer which has some functionality to save vector graphics in XAML format. In the process of developing, I was faced with a problem. Bindings created from the code (or loaded with a XAML file) were not serialized in XAML format. I was trying to find solutions over the web, but found out only the following article. Unfortunately, this solution isn't suitable for more complex XAML files for some reasons. I did not believe that MS had some special internal solution to this problem, because I saw that the TemplateBinding extension could do such serialization perfectly, but Expression Binding could not. So, I downloaded the MS reference source code for debugging and started studying it. As a result, I found a very simple solution, which I will describe below.

Proposed solution

When I debugged code from MS, I found out that XamlWriter interprets the DependencyProperty value as a Binding. It checks this Binding type for the availability of some registered type converter which can transform this value to the MarkupExtension delivered type. If it is available, then XamlWriter converts this Binding to MarkupExtension and does further serialization.

So, if you want to save your Bindings, you can try the following simple code snippet. Basically, we need a class which looks something like this:

class BindingConvertor : ExpressionConverter
{
    public override bool CanConvertTo(ITypeDescriptorContext context, Type destinationType)
    {
        if(destinationType==typeof(MarkupExtension))
            return true;
        else return false;
    }
    public override object ConvertTo(ITypeDescriptorContext context, 
                                     System.Globalization.CultureInfo culture, 
                                     object value, Type destinationType)
    {
        if (destinationType == typeof(MarkupExtension))
        {
            BindingExpression bindingExpression = value as BindingExpression;
            if (bindingExpression == null)
                throw new Exception();
            return  bindingExpression.ParentBinding;
        }
        
        return base.ConvertTo(context, culture, value, destinationType);
    }
}

After that, register this class as the type converter for the BindingExpression type. This can be done with the following code:

static class EditorHelper
{
    public static void Register <T, TC>()
    {
        Attribute[] attr = new Attribute[1];
        TypeConverterAttribute vConv = new TypeConverterAttribute(typeof(TC));
        attr[0] = vConv;
        TypeDescriptor.AddAttributes(typeof(T), attr);
    }
    ...
}

And call this function somewhere:

EditorHelper.Register <BindingExpression,BindingConvertor>();

After this, you must switch XamlWriter to the expression saving mode:

StringBuilder outstr=new StringBuilder();
XamlCode.Clear();
//this code need for right XML fomating 
XmlWriterSettings settings = new XmlWriterSettings();
settings.Indent = true;
settings.OmitXmlDeclaration = true;
XamlDesignerSerializationManager dsm = 
  new XamlDesignerSerializationManager(XmlWriter.Create(outstr, settings));
//this string need for turning on expression saving mode 
dsm.XamlWriterMode = XamlWriterMode.Expression;

XamlWriter.Save(MainPanel, dsm);

That's all you need. A working example can be found in the posted source code zip archive.

P.S.: I'm sorry for some inaccuracies which where there in the first version of this article.

License

This article, along with any associated source code and files, is licensed under The Code Project Open License (CPOL)

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About the Author

AlexDov
Software Developer
Ukraine Ukraine
No Biography provided

Comments and Discussions

 
QuestionFreeSCADA PinmemberMember 1101469326-Aug-14 1:19 
AnswerRe: FreeSCADA PinmemberAlexDov27-Aug-14 0:21 
GeneralRe: FreeSCADA PinmemberMember 1101469327-Aug-14 0:28 
QuestionCombox.SelectedValue not serialized PinmemberMember 1077024523-Apr-14 9:42 
QuestionWorking with ElementName PinmemberHenrique C31-Oct-11 6:39 
GeneralRe: Working with ElementName Pinmemberabdelkarim_se4-Aug-12 7:03 
GeneralCommand Bindings PinmemberMichaelTR214-Mar-11 1:00 
GeneralItemsControl [modified] PinmemberDydek30-Mar-10 5:05 
GeneralRe: ItemsControl PinmemberAlexDov30-Mar-10 18:42 
GeneralRe: ItemsControl PinmemberCD_Fighter30-Sep-11 0:57 
QuestionHow to skip serialization of individual child controls? PinmemberMember 18164265-Oct-09 3:30 
QuestionSupport for StaticResource ? Pinmemberxradux200119-Jun-09 0:40 
GeneralAny UnRegister PinmemberAtul C8-Apr-09 7:12 
GeneralRe: Any UnRegister Pinmemberspastik3-Sep-10 3:33 
QuestionAny solution for serializing StaticResource? PinmemberAmzSales10-Nov-08 12:09 
AnswerRe: Any solution for serializing StaticResource? PinmemberAlexDov10-Nov-08 19:10 
GeneralRe: Any solution for serializing StaticResource? PinmemberAmzSales10-Nov-08 19:40 
GeneralRe: Any solution for serializing StaticResource? PinmemberAlexDov10-Nov-08 21:56 
GeneralRe: Any solution for serializing StaticResource? PinmemberAmzSales11-Nov-08 4:05 
AnswerRe: Any solution for serializing StaticResource? PinmemberAlexDov14-Nov-08 1:24 
GeneralRe: Any solution for serializing StaticResource? Pinmemberc0desmurf11-Nov-09 11:45 
GeneralRe: Any solution for serializing StaticResource? PinmemberMahesha99911-Mar-12 11:53 

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