Click here to Skip to main content
Click here to Skip to main content

Global Mouse and Keyboard Library

, 8 Aug 2008 CPOL
Rate this:
Please Sign up or sign in to vote.
Easy-to-use library with global mouse and keyboard hooks and simulators.


This article explains how to use the mouse and keyboard library that I have created. This library consists of two things: global mouse and keyboard hooks, and global mouse and keyboard simulators.

The global hooks contain a set of events that follow the .NET event model, so they should be very simple to use if you've done anything with events before.

The simulators will actually simulate mouse movements, clicks, keyboard presses, etc. This can be useful for macro recording (which is one of the sample projects), and of course, messing with your friends. Smile | :)


I've found a lot of hook and simulator code out there, but a lot of it was not very organized, and a bit hard to use. The goal here is to make a very simple and easy-to-use library for mouse and keyboard operations not natively supported by .NET.

Global Hooks

This section will explain how to use the global hooks which can capture mouse and keyboard events from any application. These events are very similar to the ones that appear on Windows controls, so they should look familiar.

Using the mouse hook:

// Create the mouse hook
MouseHook mouseHook = new MouseHook();

// Capture the events
mouseHook.MouseMove += new MouseEventHandler(mouseHook_MouseMove);
mouseHook.MouseDown += new MouseEventHandler(mouseHook_MouseDown);
mouseHook.MouseUp += new MouseEventHandler(mouseHook_MouseUp);
mouseHook.MouseWheel += new MouseEventHandler(mouseHook_MouseWheel); 

// Start watching for mouse events


// Stop watching (don't forget to do this before closing application!)

Using the keyboard hook:

// Create the keyboard hook
KeyboardHook keyboardHook = new KeyboardHook();

// Capture the events
keyboardHook.KeyDown += new KeyEventHandler(keyboardHook_KeyDown);
keyboardHook.KeyUp += new KeyEventHandler(keyboardHook_KeyUp);
keyboardHook.KeyPress += new KeyPressEventHandler(keyboardHook_KeyPress);

// Start watching for keyboard events


// Stop watching (don't forget to do this before closing application!)

Note: When you are setting the events, Visual Studio will name and create a blank method for you. You only need to type this much on the event ...

keyboardHook.KeyDown +=

...and then hit TAB two times. Visual Studio will finish the rest of the line, and will go out and create the blank method for you. This is a nice feature, and saves a lot of time; use it!


This section will explain how to use the the mouse and keyboard simulators to simulate mouse clicks and keyboard key presses. Both the KeyboardSimulator and MouseSimulator classes are static, so they are pretty simple to use.

Simulating mouse events:

// Press Left Mouse Button Down

// Let Left Mouse Button Up

// Press down and Let up Left Mouse Button
// (equivalent to two lines above)

// Double click Left Mouse button
// (equivalent to two Click()s above)

The code above is used to simulate pressing and letting up a certain mouse button. The one parameter is just an enumeration of the three possible mouse buttons: Left, Right, and Middle.

Moving the mouse position:

// Move mouse cursor to Top Left of screen
MouseSimulator.X = 0;
MouseSimulator.Y = 0;

// Move the mouse cursor to the right by 20 pixels
MouseSimulator.X += 20;

The X and Y above are properties. You can use them to get the current position of the mouse cursor, or you can set them to move the mouse cursor to a new location.

Keyboard simulators:

// Press the A Key Down

// Let the A Key back up

// Press A down, and let up (same as two above)

The code above will simulate keyboard key presses. You can press a key down (first line), which doesn't let it up yet. The second line, KeyUp, will release a key that has been pressed down, the third line with do both steps in one shot.

I also included some standard keyboard shortcuts. These can all be done with the code above, but it simplifies it a bit, and makes the code a bit more readable and obvious.

// Simulate (Ctrl + C) shortcut, which is copy for most applications

// This does the same as above

The code above does the exact same thing twice, except the first is a bit shorter and more obvious.

A Sample Application: Global Macro Recorder

A macro recorder is a great example for this library, since we can use the hooks to record the macro, and the simulators to play back.

Check out the Macro project in the downloadable source code.

Future Additions / Revisions

I'm going to edit and add to this library over time as I get feedback. If you think something should be added, changed, or find a problem, please post in the comments section, and I'll do what I can. Thanks. Smile | :)

Revision History

  • 7/23/08: Released first version in three versions of .NET.
  • 7/28/08: Added the Application.ApplicationExit event to make sure hooks stop.
  • 8/8/08: Got rid of the debug code in the Macro example, added the MouseWheel method to the MouseSimulator class, and got rid of the duplicate MousePoint class used in MouseSimulator.


This article, along with any associated source code and files, is licensed under The Code Project Open License (CPOL)


About the Author

Brian Geiman
Software Developer GEA Refrigeration
United States United States
No Biography provided

Comments and Discussions

Questionremote desckTop Pinmemberatefeh shahidifard24-Jan-15 9:23 
QuestionMouseButton 4 and 5 Pinmemberdaffyduck1879-Jan-15 12:28 
QuestionAlt gr PinmemberMember 1114633711-Oct-14 13:37 
QuestionSaving mouse keyboard events into file - and reply them later PinmemberMember 1109463622-Sep-14 20:32 
QuestionKeyDown's behavior is the same as KeyPress! PinmemberHashem AL-Rifai22-Jul-14 23:54 
SuggestionMessage Automatically Removed PinmemberMember 1093440018-Jul-14 4:04 
QuestionRecording in host application Pinmembercaesarh12-May-14 4:49 
Questionx86 and x64 Problem Pinmembergerd8723-Mar-14 5:57 
QuestionThis cannot work in a console PinmemberSpaun199115-Jan-14 7:52 
QuestionGreat job. PinmemberMember 104657707-Jan-14 20:32 
GeneralSave / load macro - a solution [modified] PinmemberMember 103476031-Nov-13 6:02 
QuestionSHIFT+END Not work PinmemberMember 46159775-Oct-13 4:09 
QuestionNot working in .NET 4 ! PinmemberMember 1019765518-Sep-13 22:53 
AnswerRe: Not working in .NET 4 ! PinmemberShashi_zen21-Sep-13 2:57 
AnswerRe: Not working in .NET 4 ! Pinmemberthanapon2620-Mar-14 20:09 
Questionplay macro in game Pinmemberragil.sa21-Aug-13 8:13 
QuestionHow to convert char to it's corresponding KeyCode value? PinmemberHallurA23-Jun-13 15:26 
QuestionReplication Does not work PinmemberMember 99274632-Apr-13 4:11 
Questionmouse control Pinmemberqazxqazx11-Mar-13 7:30 
QuestionMouseKeyboardLibrary program Pinmemberrajatdas20058-Jan-13 3:01 
QuestionShif+Left PinmemberMember 967060910-Dec-12 3:33 
GeneralMy vote of 5 Pinmemberdinhcongthang3-Dec-12 15:31 
GeneralMy vote of 5 Pinmemberjfln21-Nov-12 4:32 
GeneralGreat Code - Great Work PinmemberViraj Doshi2-Nov-12 0:22 
GeneralVery Good! Pinmemberoiabc7-Sep-12 5:54 
QuestionMouseDown and Move Pinmemberarpego4-Aug-12 15:34 
GeneralMy vote of 5 Pinmembercsharpbd3-Jul-12 2:20 
GeneralMy vote of 5 PinmemberProEnggSoft7-Mar-12 19:44 
Good article
Questionproblem with right button PinmemberirFan917-Feb-12 14:38 
QuestionProblem with Ctrl Pinmemberkirahvi1-Feb-12 1:23 
AnswerRe: Problem with Ctrl PinmemberAderele Joseph23-Oct-12 14:48 
QuestionNice work! PinmemberRoy Barina27-Jan-12 10:55 
QuestionRequest Pinmembermschotamaster16-Dec-11 18:12 
Questionhow can we save the recorded macro? Pinmembermschotamaster16-Dec-11 18:10 
QuestionGlobal Macro Record Example - Not responding itself PinmemberPham Van Luan8-Dec-11 5:13 
QuestionGlobal Mouse and Keyboard Library Pinmembershfitythrower6-Dec-11 7:35 
QuestionSolve my Problem Please Pinmembershfitythrower6-Dec-11 7:32 
AnswerRe: Solve my Problem Please PinmemberPham Van Luan24-Dec-11 21:57 
GeneralRe: Solve my Problem Please Pinmembershfitythrower15-Jan-12 20:43 
Questionproblem when using with the float data type [modified] PinmemberirFan9127-Oct-11 22:53 
QuestionCan't run normally in .net4.0 Pinmemberhambor29-Aug-11 4:24 
AnswerRe: Can't run normally in .net4.0 PinmemberAuspexPT19-Nov-11 10:40 
QuestionUsing this to create a Keyboard Layout Pinmembervinodonly8-Aug-11 3:37 
GeneralGreat work Pinmemberizayoikagami29-Jul-11 7:31 
Questionto use this code in .NET 4.0 PinmemberBillWoodruff5-Jul-11 19:50 
QuestionHow can I press hotkey Ctrl + C and double click Pinmemberlampv0120327-Jun-11 7:44 
GeneralIt's not work! Pinmemberrakkang18-Jun-11 3:20 
GeneralRe: It's not work! Pinmemberouterhell28-Jan-14 0:44 
GeneralMy vote of 5 Pinmemberjo le serb18-Jun-11 1:59 
QuestionCan I use this library in PinmemberManindra294-May-11 0:18 

General General    News News    Suggestion Suggestion    Question Question    Bug Bug    Answer Answer    Joke Joke    Rant Rant    Admin Admin   

Use Ctrl+Left/Right to switch messages, Ctrl+Up/Down to switch threads, Ctrl+Shift+Left/Right to switch pages.

| Advertise | Privacy | Terms of Use | Mobile
Web03 | 2.8.150414.1 | Last Updated 8 Aug 2008
Article Copyright 2008 by Brian Geiman
Everything else Copyright © CodeProject, 1999-2015
Layout: fixed | fluid