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PictureBoxGradient UserControl

, 1 Nov 2002
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Extended PictureBox with thin gradient progress line, out of the box straight forward Windows XP Look.
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Sample Image - PictureBoxGradient.jpg

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Introduction

My first article was based on a class which only draws the Gradient progress line. I guess there was too much work to use it. My idea was to drag a new control to my form, set the properties to what I like, and everything should work.

This new Control replaces the old version and is ready to use, extended by the most important properties from PictureBox and Gradient Class. It uses a Thread based Timer Class to redraw itself. With this timer it is possible to draw the Gradient while you're doing hard work behind the scenes.

How to use it

  • Drag PictureBoxGradient User Control from Toolbox to your form
  • Extend "PictureBox" Tab in "Property" Toolwindow, select a image
  • Extend "Gradient" Tab and choose colors to draws Gradient, e.g. Color1 white and Color2 orange
  • this.pictureBoxGradient1.Start()

and you're finished.

To use the gradient call Start and Stop

Key Benefits

  • MSDN styled Help File included, created with NDoc (great freeware).
  • Easy to use, no great library is used, just copy the UserControl to your code and change Namespace.
  • Easy customizable, every property can altered via Property ToolWindow.
  • Compact design, black boxed in only one control.
  • 100% C#, no API's used.

How it works

The User Control is based on a PictureBox in which SizeMode is set to AutoSize. The height property of PictureBox is extended by the GradientHeight Property. When you choose a Image the control resize itself to reflect changes made to the Image Property.

The Gradient is basically drawn with four LinearGradientBrush and two SolidBrush classes. mainRect is the Rectangle in which we have to draw. The Gradient will move from Position 0 to mainRect.Width.

The problem is that the Gradient will move out on the right side, and at the same time it will move in at the left side. It seems like the Gradient would cycle and never leave the Rectangle. Because of this we need four LinearGradientBrush and not only two. We need also two SolidBrush to fill the region which is not affected by the Gradient. These brushes are created with the two colors used for Gradient.

These Properties are important for drawing:

  • GradientHeight height of Gradient.
  • GradientSizeInProcent Gradient size in % relative to the given width.
  • Rectangle Gradient rectangle ( GradientHeight included ).
  • Color1 and Color2 used for LinearGradientBrush.
  • Step Stepsize in Pixel.
  • Speed Timer tick in milliseconds.
  • With this Propertys we can figure out how the Gradient must be drawn. The GradientSizeInProcent is evaluated like this:

    // get Gradient size n pixel from procent
    decimal factor = (decimal) mainRect_.Width / 100;
    GradientSize_ = (float) System.Math.Round( (decimal) 
             this.GradientSizeInProcent * factor);
    

    Every time the timer ticks, the Position will increased by Step till current Position + Step is greater than the given mainRect_.Width. In this case Position is set back to 0. The Gradient updates to reflect changes.

    //
    pos_ = pos_ + stepSize_;
    //
    if (pos_ > mainRect_.Width)
    {
        pos_ = 0;
    }
    PaintGardient();
    
    Initalize needed Rectangle with mainRect_
    //
    bool useRightBrush = false;
    bool useLeftBrush = false;
    //
    // init
    RectangleF rectLeft = mainRect_;
    RectangleF rectRight = mainRect_;
    RectangleF rectRightFill = mainRect_;
    RectangleF rectLeftFill = mainRect_;
    RectangleF rectRightLeftEnd = mainRect_;
    RectangleF rectRightRightEnd = mainRect_;    
    
    Get current position and evaluate Rectangles for each brush.
    
    //    create Gradient rects        
    rectLeft.Width =  gardientSize_;
    rectLeft.X = pos_ - rectLeft.Width;
    rectRight.X = mainRect_.X + pos_;
    rectRight.Width = gardientSize_;
    // create filler rects
    rectLeftFill.Width = pos_ - gardientSize_;
    rectRightFill.X = pos_ + gardientSize_;
    rectRightFill.Width = mainRect_.Width - (pos_ + gardientSize_);
    //
    if ((pos_ + gardientSize_) > mainRect_.Width)
    {
        rectRightRightEnd.X = - (mainRect_.Width - pos_);
        rectRightRightEnd.Width = gardientSize_;
        useRightBrush = true;
        //
        rectLeftFill.X = rectRightRightEnd.X + gardientSize_;
        rectLeftFill.Width -= rectRightRightEnd.X + gardientSize_;
    }        
    if (pos_ <= gardientSize_)
    {
        useLeftBrush = true;
        //
        rectRightLeftEnd.X = (mainRect_.Width - gardientSize_) + pos_;
        rectRightLeftEnd.Width = gardientSize_;
        //    
        rectRightFill.X = rectRight.X + gardientSize_;
        rectRightFill.Width = rectRightLeftEnd.X - rectRightFill.X;
    
    }
    
    Get LinearGradientBrush based on evaluated Rectangles.
    //create gardient brushes
    Brush brushLeft = new LinearGradientBrush(rectLeft,color1_, color2_,0,true);
    Brush brushRight = new LinearGradientBrush(rectRight,color2_, color1_,0,true);
    Brush brushLeft1 = new LinearGradientBrush(rectRightLeftEnd,color1_, color2_,0,true);
    Brush brushRight1 = new LinearGradientBrush(rectRightRightEnd,color2_, color1_,0,true);
    
    
    Last but not least draw current position of the Gradient.
    //
    graphics_.FillRectangle(new SolidBrush(color1_),rectLeftFill);
    //
    graphics_.FillRectangle(brushLeft,rectLeft);
    graphics_.FillRectangle(brushRight,rectRight);
    //
    graphics_.FillRectangle(new SolidBrush(color1_),rectRightFill);
    //
    if (useRightBrush)
    {
        graphics_.FillRectangle(brushRight1,rectRightRightEnd);
    }
                
    //
    if (useLeftBrush)
    {
        graphics_.FillRectangle(brushLeft1,rectRightLeftEnd);
    }
    

    Have phun with it...

    License

    This article, along with any associated source code and files, is licensed under The Code Project Open License (CPOL)

    About the Author

    Chris Richner
    Software Developer (Senior) Zeit AG
    Switzerland Switzerland
    Biography
    • 1996 - 1998 PC Board PPL, HTML, DHTML, Javascript and ASP
    • 1999 - 2001 coding Centura against Sql Database (SqlBase,MSSQL,Oracle)
    • 2002 - 2004 C# Windows Forms
    • 2005 - 2006 C# ASP.NET, Windows Forms
    • 2006 - 2009 C#, WCF, WF, WPF
    • 2010 - 2012 C#, Dynamics CRM, Sharepoint, Silverlight
    • 2013 - now C#, WCF DS (OData), WF, WPF
    Interests
    • family & friends
    • chilaxing ,)
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    Comments and Discussions

     
    GeneralLack of features PinmemberMiguel Lopes31-Aug-06 5:31 
    AnswerRe: Lack of features PinmemberChris Richner26-Nov-06 3:36 
    GeneralDrawing of a gradient progress bar Pinmemberskalkin10-Sep-04 14:51 
    GeneralRe: Drawing of a gradient progress bar [modified] PinmemberJerry Maguire10-Sep-04 17:59 
    GeneralBoring Pinmemberhakan.lambracht21-Jun-04 0:33 
    GeneralRe: Boring PinsussAnonymous8-Jul-05 1:34 
    AnswerRe: Boring PinmemberJerry Maguire3-Oct-05 11:00 
    Generalmemory leak PinmemberDieter Verfaillie24-Sep-03 8:56 
    GeneralRe: memory leak PinmemberJerry Maguire25-Sep-03 4:43 
    GeneralRe: memory leak PinmemberDieter Verfaillie25-Sep-03 11:33 
    GeneralRe: memory leak PinmemberJerry Maguire26-Sep-03 4:15 
    GeneralRe: memory leak Pinmemberneilcawse29-Feb-04 10:15 
    GeneralRe: memory leak PinmemberJerry Maguire29-Feb-04 10:43 
    QuestionWhy Gardient? PinmemberPete Bassett13-Oct-02 23:12 
    AnswerRe: Why Gardient? PinmemberPete Bassett13-Oct-02 23:16 
    GeneralRe: Why Gardient? PinsussAnonymous14-Oct-02 8:45 
    GeneralRe: Why Gardient? PinmemberJerry Maguire14-Oct-02 12:27 
    GeneralRe: Why Gardient? PinmemberHeath Stewart14-Jan-03 8:54 
    QuestionMoving form suspends drawing, any hints ? PinmemberJerry Maguire13-Oct-02 5:53 
    AnswerRe: Moving form suspends drawing, any hints ? PinmemberPete Bassett31-Oct-02 4:07 
    GeneralRe: Moving form suspends drawing, any hints ? PinmemberJerry Maguire1-Nov-02 0:34 
    GeneralRe: Moving form suspends drawing, any hints ? PinmemberPete Bassett1-Nov-02 0:38 
    GeneralRe: Moving form suspends drawing, any hints ? PinmemberJerry Maguire2-Nov-02 5:40 

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