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Import and Export to Multiple Worksheets

, 12 Feb 2009
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Import and export to multiple Worksheets.

Introduction

This article will explain how to import multiple Worksheets content to a database and export content from the data base to multiple Worksheets in Excel.

Import multiple Worksheet contents to a database

Step 1

Upload the file into a server using the ASP.NET FileUpload control.

public static void uploadXLFile(FileUpload fileUpload, string mPath)
{       
    mPath = mPath + fileUpload.FileName.ToString();
    fileUpload.SaveAs(mPath);
}

Step 2

Once the Excel file is uploaded to the server, read the Excel file using the OLEDB adapter and get the Excel sheet names using the code below:

public static string[] getExcelSheets(string mFile)
{
    try
    {
        string strXlsConnString;
        strXlsConnString = "Provider=Microsoft.Jet.OLEDB.4.0;Data Source=" + 
                           mFile + ";Extended Properties='Excel 8.0;HDR=Yes;IMEX=1'";
        OleDbConnection xlsConn = new OleDbConnection(strXlsConnString);
        xlsConn.Open();
        DataTable xlTable = new DataTable();
        xlTable = xlsConn.GetOleDbSchemaTable(OleDbSchemaGuid.Tables, null);

        System.String strExcelSheetNames = "";
        string sheetName;
        //Loop through the excel database table names and take only 
        //the tables that ends with a $ characters. Other tables are not worksheets...
        for (int lngStart = 0; lngStart < xlTable.Rows.Count; lngStart++)
        {
            //Remove the single-quote surrounding the table name...
            sheetName = xlTable.Rows[lngStart][2].ToString().Replace("'", "");
            if (sheetName.EndsWith("$")) //Yes, this is a worksheet
            {
                //concatenate with a single-quote delimeter... to be returned 
                //as a string array later using the split function
                strExcelSheetNames += sheetName.Substring(0, sheetName.Length - 1) + "~";
            }
        }

        if (strExcelSheetNames.EndsWith("~"))
        //the last single quote needs to be removed 
        //so that the array index ends with the last sheetname
        {
            strExcelSheetNames = strExcelSheetNames.Substring(0, 
                                    strExcelSheetNames.Length - 1);
        }

        xlsConn.Close();
        xlsConn.Dispose();
        char[] chrDelimter = { '~' };
        return strExcelSheetNames.Split(chrDelimter);
    }
    catch (Exception exp)
    {
        throw new Exception("Error while listing the excel" + 
                            " sheets from upload file " + exp.Message, exp);
    }
}

Step 3

Once sheet names are stored in a string array variable, you can read the contents from the Excel sheet using the OLEDB adapter:

public static DataSet getXLData(string xlSheetName, 
              string xlFileName, string AdditionalFields)
{
    try
    {
        string connstr = "Provider=Microsoft.Jet.OLEDB.4.0;Data Source=" + 
                         xlFileName + ";Extended Properties='Excel 8.0;HDR=Yes;IMEX=1'";
        OleDbConnection xlConn = new OleDbConnection(connstr);
        DataSet xlTDS = new DataSet("xlDataSet");
        xlConn.Open();
        OleDbDataAdapter xlDA = new OleDbDataAdapter("Select" + AdditionalFields + 
                                " * from [" + xlSheetName + "$] ", xlConn);
        xlDA.Fill(xlTDS);
        xlConn.Close();
        xlConn.Dispose();

        RemoveEmptyRows(xlTDS.Tables[0], (AdditionalFields.Length - 
                  AdditionalFields.ToLower().Replace(" as ", "").Length) / 4);
        return xlTDS;
    }
    catch (Exception e)
    {
        throw new Exception("Error while reading data from excel sheet", e);
    }
}

public static void RemoveEmptyRows(DataTable dtbl, 
                   System.Int32 intNumberOfFieldsToIgnore)
{
    System.String strFilter = "";
    //Check at least 3/4th of the columns for null value
    System.Int32 intAvgColsToCheck = 
      Convert.ToInt32((dtbl.Columns.Count - intNumberOfFieldsToIgnore) * 0.75);
    //Can't entertain checking less than three columns.
    if (intAvgColsToCheck < 3)
    {
        intAvgColsToCheck = dtbl.Columns.Count;
    }

    //Building the filter string that checks null
    //value in 3/4th of the total column numbers...

    //We will be doing it in reverse, checking the last three-quarter columns
    System.Int32 lngEnd = dtbl.Columns.Count;
    lngEnd = lngEnd - intAvgColsToCheck;
    for (int lngStartColumn = dtbl.Columns.Count; 
         lngStartColumn > lngEnd; lngStartColumn--)
    {
        strFilter += "[" + dtbl.Columns[lngStartColumn - 1].ColumnName + 
                     "] IS NULL AND ";
                     //AND to concatenate the next column in the filter
    }

    //Remove the trailing AND
    if (strFilter.Length > 1)
    //At least one column is added (and thus, the trailing AND)
    {
        strFilter = strFilter.Remove(strFilter.Length - 4);
    }
    DataRow[] drows = dtbl.Select(strFilter);

    //Remove the rows that are empty...
    foreach (DataRow drow in drows)
    {
        dtbl.Rows.Remove(drow);
    }
}

Step 4

Then, you can use a bulk upload function to insert the contents to the database:

public static void BulkCopy(DataTable dtTable)
{
    SqlConnection SqlConn1 = new SqlConnection(System.Configuration.
      ConfigurationManager.ConnectionStrings["ArmsConnStr"].ToString());
    SqlConn1.Open();
    using (SqlBulkCopy bc = new SqlBulkCopy((SqlConnection)SqlConn1))
    {
        bc.DestinationTableName = "TableName";
        bc.WriteToServer(dtTable);
        bc.Close();
    }
    SqlConn1.Close();  
}

Export data from database to multiple Excel Worksheets

Step 1

First, retrieve the contents from the database (using the SQL Provider if the database is SQL Server, as in the code below). Then, you can create a sample Excel file for exporting the data.

public static void ImportToMultipleXLSheets(System.String SqlSelect, 
                                            System.String mOutputFileName)
{
    string FolderPath;
    FolderPath = mOutputFileName.Remove(mOutputFileName.LastIndexOf("\\"), 
                 mOutputFileName.Length - mOutputFileName.LastIndexOf("\\"));

    File.Copy(FolderPath + "\\Sample.xls", mOutputFileName, true);

    SqlConnection SqlConn = new SqlConnection(System.Configuration.
      ConfigurationManager.ConnectionStrings["ArmsConnStr"].ToString());
    SqlConn.Open();
    DataSet DS = new DataSet();
    string connstr = "Provider=Microsoft.Jet.OLEDB.4.0;Data Source=" + 
                     mOutputFileName + ";Extended Properties='Excel 8.0'";
    OleDbConnection xlConn = new OleDbConnection(connstr);

    try
    {
        xlConn.Open();

        SqlDataAdapter SqlDA = new SqlDataAdapter(SqlSelect, SqlConn);
        SqlDA.Fill(DS);
        SqlConn.Close();
        SqlConn.Dispose();
        PrepareScript(DS.Tables[0]);
        StartImport(DS.Tables[0], xlConn);

    }
    catch (Exception exp)
    {
        throw new Exception("ImportToMultipleXLSheets", exp.InnerException);
    }
    finally
    {
        if (xlConn != null)
        {
            if (xlConn.State == ConnectionState.Open) xlConn.Close();
            xlConn.Dispose();
        }
        if (SqlConn != null)
        {
            if (SqlConn.State == ConnectionState.Open) SqlConn.Close();
            SqlConn.Dispose();
        }
    }
}

Step 2

Then, generate the table and insert the script using the function below:

private static string PrepareScript(DataTable DTable)
{
    // Prepare Scripts to create excel Sheet

    SqlInsert.Length = 0;
    SqlScript.Length = 0;
    for (int i = 0; i < DTable.Columns.Count; i++)
    {
        SqlInsert.Append(DTable.Columns[i].ColumnName + ",");

        SqlScript.Append("[" + DTable.Columns[i].ColumnName.Replace("'", "''") + "]");

        if (DTable.Columns[i].DataType.ToString().ToLower().Contains("int") || 
               DTable.Columns[i].DataType.ToString().ToLower().Contains("decimal"))
            SqlScript.Append(" double");
        else
            SqlScript.Append(" text");

        SqlScript.Append(", ");
    }
    SqlInsert.Remove(SqlInsert.Length - 1, 1);
    SqlScript.Remove(SqlScript.Length - 2, 1);
    SqlScript.Append(") ");
    return SqlScript.ToString();
}

Step 3

Once the scripts are generated, then we can start the export function:

private static void StartImport(DataTable DTable, OleDbConnection xlConn)
{
    Int64 rowNo = 0, xlSheetIndex = 2, TotalNoOfRecords = 0;

    System.String NewXLSheetName = "Sheet";
    System.Text.StringBuilder strInsert = new System.Text.StringBuilder();
    TotalNoOfRecords = DTable.Rows.Count;
    OleDbCommand cmdXl = new OleDbCommand();
    cmdXl.Connection = xlConn;
    if (mPredefineFile) xlSheetIndex = 1;
    for (int count = 0; count < DTable.Rows.Count; count++)
    {
        strInsert.Length = 0;

        if (rowNo == 0 && !mPredefineFile)
            CreateXLSheets(DTable, xlConn, NewXLSheetName + xlSheetIndex);
        rowNo += 1;

        // TotalNoOfRecords : Total no of records return
        // by Sql Query, ideally should be set to 65535
        // rowNo : current Row no in the loop 
        if (TotalNoOfRecords > 5000 && rowNo > 5000)
        {
            xlSheetIndex += 1;
            if (!mPredefineFile)
                CreateXLSheets(DTable, xlConn, NewXLSheetName + xlSheetIndex);
            rowNo = 1;
        }
        strInsert.Append("Insert Into [" + NewXLSheetName + xlSheetIndex.ToString() + 
                         "$](" + SqlInsert.ToString() + ") Values (");
        foreach (DataColumn dCol in DTable.Columns)
        {
            if (dCol.DataType.ToString().ToLower().Contains("int"))
            {
                if (DTable.Rows[count][dCol.Ordinal].ToString() == "")
                    strInsert.Append("NULL");
                else
                    strInsert.Append(DTable.Rows[count][dCol.Ordinal]);
            }
            else if (dCol.DataType.ToString().ToLower().ToLower().Contains("decimal"))
            {
                if (DTable.Rows[count][dCol.Ordinal].ToString() == "")
                    strInsert.Append("NULL");
                else
                    strInsert.Append(DTable.Rows[count][dCol.Ordinal]);
            }
            else
                strInsert.Append("\"" + 
                  DTable.Rows[count][dCol.Ordinal].ToString().Replace("'", 
                  "''") + "\"");

            strInsert.Append(",");
        }
        strInsert.Remove(strInsert.Length - 1, 1);
        strInsert.Append(");");
        cmdXl.CommandText = strInsert.ToString();
        cmdXl.ExecuteNonQuery();
    }
}

private static void CreateXLSheets(DataTable DTable, 
                    OleDbConnection xlConn, System.String XLSheetName)
{
    // Create New Excel Sheet

    System.Text.StringBuilder SqlFinalScript = new System.Text.StringBuilder();
    OleDbCommand cmdXl = new OleDbCommand();
    try
    {
        SqlFinalScript.Length = 0;
        cmdXl.Connection = xlConn;

        SqlFinalScript.Append("CREATE TABLE " + XLSheetName + " (");
        SqlFinalScript.Append(SqlScript.ToString());

        cmdXl.CommandText = SqlFinalScript.ToString();
        cmdXl.ExecuteNonQuery();

    }           
    catch (Exception xlSheetExp)
    {
        throw (new Exception("CreateXLSheetException", xlSheetExp.InnerException));
    }
    finally
    {
        cmdXl.Dispose();
    }
}

License

This article, along with any associated source code and files, is licensed under The Code Project Open License (CPOL)

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About the Author

S Gnana Prakash
Web Developer
India India
No Biography provided

Comments and Discussions

 
GeneralMy vote of 5 PinmemberARKishore19-Apr-12 0:12 
QuestionCan we export data from Sheet1? Pinmembera_anajwala29-Dec-11 2:14 
QuestionAwesome.. Pinmembershahrouz199930-Aug-11 2:08 
GeneralStream to memory and then export to excel PinmemberMeDeeSa6-Aug-09 11:35 
GeneralRe: Stream to memory and then export to excel Pinmembergg423715-Nov-09 23:54 
GeneralMy vote of 2 PinmemberQistoph15-Feb-09 20:29 
GeneralRe: My vote of 2 PinmemberS Gnana Prakash22-Feb-09 22:42 

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