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Server pinger and SMS reporter via GSM Modem AT COMMAND

, 15 Jun 2009
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A software that pings many servers inside a company and reports network health

Introduction

This is old code that I developed for my friend working in a network maintenance company many years ago. He asked me to write a software to check the connectivity of all computers on networks that he should admin and if there was a problem send him a SMS. With this stupid software, he successfully extended his job into a large business.

How It Works

All you need is a GSM Modem using rs-232 or USB connection. Install it to a computer on a network that you want to admin and debug this project and give the software local machine names to monitor - the software frequently pings each computer and if ping failed for 4 times, adds an Err to the report list and when the Err report list reaches 100 errs, sends my friend an SMS. You can make a better rule for reporting and sending SMS.

For Sending SMS, You Should

  1. Connect your gsm modem through COM Port or USB
  2. Provide Port Number 
  3. Provide your local call service for your own country
  4. Write message and destination number
  5. Send

gsm_Modem_Monitoring.gif

Pinger

I just took the code of loading circle from an article named Loading Circle by Martin Gagne and turned it to a pinging and status module that I used it a lot, thanks Martin !

pinger_Pinger.gif

ServerChecking() function is called every time the loadingcircle control turns one cycle. This function sends a ping package to network (for more information about ping, click here).

string buf = "aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa";
public virtual void ServerChecking()
{
    if ( _serverCheckingEnable == false || string.IsNullOrEmpty( _serverName)) return;
    string who = ServerName;// args[0];
    System.Threading.AutoResetEvent waiter = new System.Threading.AutoResetEvent(false);
    System.Net.NetworkInformation.Ping pingSender = 
			new System.Net.NetworkInformation.Ping();
    pingSender.PingCompleted += new System.Net.NetworkInformation.
				PingCompletedEventHandler(PingCompletedCallback);
    string data = buf;
    byte[] buffer = Encoding.ASCII.GetBytes(data);
    int timeout = 1000;
    System.Net.NetworkInformation.PingOptions options = 
		new System.Net.NetworkInformation.PingOptions(64, true);
    pingSender.SendAsync(who, timeout, buffer, options, waiter);
}

And as ping reply is received or there is a ping error, you can specify the status on loadingcircle by changing the color of it:

public System.Net.NetworkInformation.PingReply reply;        
    
public event EventHandler<connectionstateeventarg> ConnectionStateChanged;
internal ConnectionStateEventArg state = new ConnectionStateEventArg();

protected int succ = 0;
protected int fail = 0;
void PingCompletedCallback(object sender, 
	System.Net.NetworkInformation.PingCompletedEventArgs e)
{
    if (e.Reply != null)
    {
        reply = e.Reply;
        state.ExactReason = e;
        _serverConnectionState = e.Reply.Status.ToString();
        state.NewReply = e.Reply.Status;
        if (reply.Status == System.Net.NetworkInformation.IPStatus.Success)
        {
            if (succ > 4)
            {
                this.Color = Color.PaleGreen;
                this.RotationSpeed = 400;
                state.NewState = ConnectionStatus.ConnectedPer;
            }
            else
            {
                this.RotationSpeed = 80;
                this.Color = Color.Blue;
                state.NewState = ConnectionStatus.ConnectedTem;
             }
            succ++;
            fail = 0;
            ServerConnected = true;
        }
        else if (reply.Status == System.Net.NetworkInformation.IPStatus.TimedOut)
        {
            if (fail > 4)
            {
                this.RotationSpeed = 400;
                this.Color = Color.LightPink;
                state.NewState = ConnectionStatus.DisconnectedPer;
            }
            else
            {
                this.RotationSpeed = 80;
                this.Color = Color.Orange;
                state.NewState = ConnectionStatus.DisconnectedTem;
            }
            ServerConnected = false;
            fail++;
            succ = 0;
        }
        else
        {
            this.RotationSpeed = 80;
            this.Color = Color.DarkRed;
            succ = 0;
            ServerConnected = false;
            state.NewState = ConnectionStatus.Other;
            fail++;
        }
        for (int i = 0; i < e.Reply.Buffer.Length; i++)
        {
            if (e.Reply.Buffer[i] != (byte)buf[i])
            {
                this.Color = Color.Purple;
                state.NewState = ConnectionStatus.TransmitMismach;
            }
        }
    }
    else
    {
        this.RotationSpeed = 400;
        this.Color = Color.Black;
        succ = 0;
        ServerConnected = false;
        state.NewState = ConnectionStatus.Other;
        fail++;
    }
        if (this.ConnectionStateChanged != null)
            this.ConnectionStateChanged(this, state);
}

GSM Handler

Perhaps you need one of these for sending SMS:

modems.png

pinger_SMS.gif

GSM Modems are working with AT Command. Here is a component that I wrote for GSM Modem Sending and receiving SMS:

public class GSMManager : Component
{
    public List<smsmessage> RecivedMessages = new List<smsmessage>();
    public List<smsmessage> SendingMessages = new List<smsmessage>();
    Timer timer = new Timer();
    public GSMManager()
    { 
        timer.Interval = 1000;        
    }
    bool GO = false;
    bool OK = false;
    bool ERROR = false;
    public System.IO.Ports.SerialPort comPort = new System.IO.Ports.SerialPort();
    //public void Send
    public bool SMSEnable = true;
    public void SMSConfig()
    {            
        if (comPort.IsOpen == false)
        {
            comPort.PortName = 
		global::LoadingCircleTester.Properties.Settings.Default.COMPortName;
            comPort.BaudRate = 115200;
            comPort.Parity = Parity.None;
            comPort.StopBits = StopBits.One;
            comPort.DataBits = 8;
            comPort.ReadBufferSize = 10000;
            comPort.ReadTimeout = 1000;
            comPort.WriteBufferSize = 10000;
            comPort.WriteTimeout = 10000;
            comPort.RtsEnable = true;
           // comPort.DataReceived += new SerialDataReceivedEventHandler
	  // (comPort_ReadIncommingSMS);
        }
        if (comPort.IsOpen == false)
        {
            comPort.DataReceived -= new SerialDataReceivedEventHandler
						(comPort_ReadIncommingSMS);
            comPort.RtsEnable = false ;
            comPort.Close();
            try { comPort.Open(); }
            catch (Exception ex)
            {
                if (SMSEnable == true)
                {
                    SMSEnable = false;
                    MessageBox.Show("Port(" + comPort.PortName + ") 
		   Could not be Opened \n\r Check your GSM Device Connection");
                }
                SMSEnable = false;
                return;
            }
            
            comPort.RtsEnable = true;
            comPort.DataReceived += new SerialDataReceivedEventHandler
					(comPort_ReadIncommingSMS);
        }
        comPort.DiscardInBuffer();
        comPort.DiscardOutBuffer();
        string s = "";
        ///
        comPort.Write("AT+CMGF=1" + (char)13);
        ///
        GO = false; ERROR = false; OK = false;
        for (int i = 0; i < 100; i++)
        {
            if (OK == true)
                break;
            if (ERROR == true)
            {
                //MessageBox.Show("ERROR");
                SMSEnable = true;
            }
            System.Threading.Thread.Sleep(15); if (i == 100) 
				{ ERROR = true; SMSEnable = false; }
        }          
        SMSEnable = true;
        return ;
    }
    void SMS_is_Disable()
    {       

    }

    public SMSMessage ReadExistingSMS(int MessageIndex)
    {
        DateTime t1 = DateTime.Now;
        Readed = "";
        
        SMS_is_Disable();

        ///
        comPort.Write("AT+CMGR=" + MessageIndex.ToString() + (char)13);
        ///

        GO = false; ERROR = false; OK = false;
        for (int i = 0; i < 100; i++)
        {
            if (OK == true)
                break;
            if (ERROR == true)
            {
                //MessageBox.Show("ERROR");
                return null;
            }
            System.Threading.Thread.Sleep(15); if (i == 100) ERROR = true;
        }

        SMSMessage mess = new SMSMessage();
        int k = 0;
        bool messErr = false;
        int l = 0;
        for (int j = 0; j < 3; j++)
        {
            if (k == -1 || l == -1) { messErr = true; continue; }
            k = Readed.IndexOf("\"", l);
            if (k == -1 || l == -1) { messErr = true; continue; }
            l = Readed.IndexOf("\"", k + 1);
            if (k == -1 || l == -1) { messErr = true; continue; }
            string inc = Readed.Substring(k + 1, l - k - 1);
            if (j == 1 && messErr == false)
                mess.PhoneNo = inc;
            if (j == 2 && messErr == false)
                mess.Time = DateTime.Parse(inc);

            l++;
        }

        if (messErr == false)
        {
            mess.Message = Readed.Substring(l + 2, Readed.Length - l - 2 - 8);
            mess.Status = SMSMessage.SMSMessageStatus.Recived;

            DateTime t2 = DateTime.Now;
            return mess;
        }

        //MessageBox.Show(((TimeSpan)t2.Subtract(t1)).Milliseconds.ToString());
        return null;
    }

    public enum ReadIncommingSMSType
    {
        REC_UNREAD = 0,
        REC_READ = 1,
        STO_UNSENT = 2,
        STO_SENT = 3,
        ALL = 4
    }
    public void DeleteExistingSMS(int index)
    {
        SMS_is_Disable();
        Readed = "";

        comPort.Write("AT+CMGD=" + index.ToString() + (char)13);

        GO = false; ERROR = false; OK = false;
        for (int i = 0; i < 100; i++)
        {
            if (OK == true)
                break;
            if (ERROR == true)
            {
                //MessageBox.Show("ERROR");
               // return null;
            }
            System.Threading.Thread.Sleep(15); if (i == 100) ERROR = true;
        }
    }
    public string SendSMS(SMSMessage sms)
    {
        return SendSMS(sms.PhoneNo, sms.Message);
    }
    public string callservice;
    public string SendSMS(string PhoneNo, string Message )
    {
        SMS_is_Disable();
        string s = "";

        comPort.Write("AT+CSCA=\""+callservice+"\"" + (char)13);            
 
        GO = false; ERROR = false; OK = false;
        for (int i = 0; i < 100; i++)
        {
            if (OK == true)
                break;
            if (ERROR == true)
            {
                MessageBox.Show("ERROR");
                return "ERROR";
            }
            System.Threading.Thread.Sleep(15); if (i == 100) ERROR = true;
        }

        ///
        comPort.Write("AT+CMGS=\"" + PhoneNo + "\"" + (char)13);
        ///

        GO = false; ERROR = false; OK = false;
        for (int i = 0; i < 100; i++)
        {
            if (OK == true)
                break;
            if (ERROR == true)
            {
                MessageBox.Show("ERROR");
                return "ERROR";
            }
            System.Threading.Thread.Sleep(15); if (i == 100) ERROR = true;
        }

        s += "\r" + comPort.ReadExisting();

        ///
        comPort.Write(Message + (char)26);// Char.ConvertFromUtf32(26));
        ///

        GO = false; ERROR = false; OK = false;
        for (int i = 0; i < 100; i++)
        {
            if (OK == true)
            {                  
                break;
            }
            if (ERROR == true)
            {
                MessageBox.Show("ERROR");
                return "ERROR";
            }
            System.Threading.Thread.Sleep(15); if (i == 100) ERROR = true;
        }

        s += "\r" + comPort.ReadExisting();
 
        comPort.Close();
        return s;
    }

    public List<smsmessage> ReadIncommingSMS(ReadIncommingSMSType type)
    {
        DateTime t1 = DateTime.Now;
        Readed = "";
        SMS_is_Disable();
        if (SMSEnable == false) return null;

        switch (type)
        {
            case ReadIncommingSMSType.STO_SENT:
                comPort.Write("AT+CMGL=\"STO SENT\"" + (char)13);
                break;
            case ReadIncommingSMSType.REC_UNREAD:
                comPort.Write("AT+CMGL=\"REC UNREAD\"" + (char)13);
                break;
            case ReadIncommingSMSType.ALL:
                comPort.Write("AT+CMGL=\"ALL\"" + (char)13);
                break;
            case ReadIncommingSMSType.REC_READ:
                comPort.Write("AT+CMGL=\"REC READ\"" + (char)13);
                break;
            case ReadIncommingSMSType.STO_UNSENT:
                comPort.Write("AT+CMGL=\"STO UNSENT\"" + (char)13);
                break;
        }

        GO = false; ERROR = false; OK = false;
        for (int i = 0; i < 100; i++)
        {
            if (OK == true)
                break;
            if (ERROR == true)
            {
                //MessageBox.Show("ERROR");
                return null;
            }
            System.Threading.Thread.Sleep(15); if (i == 100) 
		{ ERROR = true; this.SMSEnable = false; return null; }
        }        

        List<smsmessage> messList = new List<smsmessage>();
        
        string[] re = Readed.Split(new string[] { "+CMGL:" }, 
			StringSplitOptions.RemoveEmptyEntries);

        for (int i = 1; i < re.Length; i++)
        {
            int k = 0;
            bool messErr = false;
            int l = 0;
            string Str = re[i];
            SMSMessage mess = new SMSMessage();
            string ind = Str.Substring(0, Str.IndexOf(",")).Trim();
            mess.index = int.Parse(ind);
            for (int j = 0; j < 3; j++)
            {
                if (k == -1 || l == -1) { messErr = true; continue; }
                k = Str.IndexOf("\"", l);
                if (k == -1 || l == -1) { messErr = true; continue; }
                l = Str.IndexOf("\"", k + 1);
                if (k == -1 || l == -1) { messErr = true; continue; }
                string inc = Str.Substring(k + 1, l - k - 1);
                if (j == 1 && messErr == false)
                    mess.PhoneNo = inc;
                if (j == 2 && messErr == false)
                    mess.Time = DateTime.Parse(inc);

                l++;
            }
            if (messErr == false)
            {
                mess.Message = Str.Substring(l + 2, Str.Length - l + 2 - 8+2);
                mess.Message = mess.Message.Replace("\r\nOK", "");
                mess.Status = SMSMessage.SMSMessageStatus.Recived;
                messList.Add(mess);
            }
        }

        //MessageBox.Show(((TimeSpan)t2.Subtract(t1)).Milliseconds.ToString());
        return messList;
    }
    string Readed = "";
    void comPort_ReadIncommingSMS(object sender, SerialDataReceivedEventArgs e)
    {
        SMS_is_Disable();
        System.IO.Ports.SerialPort SP = (System.IO.Ports.SerialPort)sender;
        string s = SP.ReadExisting();
        Readed+=s;
        if (Readed.EndsWith("OK\r\n") || Readed.EndsWith("\r\n> ") || 
				Readed.EndsWith(((char)26).ToString()))
            OK = true;
        if (Readed.EndsWith("ERROR\r\n"))
            ERROR = true;       
 
        //s = SP.ReadExisting();
    }  
}

Remember this is a very old code of mine. It requires a lot more changes. I hope this helps you.
Visit HexWay for more of my software.

License

This article, along with any associated source code and files, is licensed under The Code Project Open License (CPOL)

About the Author

Arash Javadi
Software Developer (Junior)
Iran (Islamic Republic Of) Iran (Islamic Republic Of)
he studied MCSD (C# based 2003) and MCDBA (2005) CWNA, CWNP at Sematech
IC Programming with 8051, AVR , IC desighn with FPGA and board desigh at Contronic Co

He also worked on Wireless Low level TCP/IP Programmable Module and video motion Detection algorithm
he is student of Industrial engineering in University of Payam e noor Tehran learning about PMBOK and management systems.
He has Certificate in Advanced English (CAE) and also he studied German language in ökf österreichisches Kulturforum

Comments and Discussions

 
QuestionAbout send and receive msgs.. Pinmemberswatisonali8-May-13 1:24 
Questionhelp [modified] Pinmemberamin.naghdbishi23-Sep-12 5:58 
AnswerRe: help PinmemberArash Javadi7-Nov-12 1:17 
GeneralMy vote of 5 Pinmembermonataban17-Jul-11 0:32 
GeneralRe: My vote of 5 PinmemberArash Javadi13-Aug-11 3:13 
GeneralHi Mr.Javadi PinmemberHooman-Farmanbordari11-Apr-11 1:47 
GeneralRe: Hi Mr.Javadi PinmemberArash Javadi7-Nov-12 1:19 
QuestionNothing Return SMS Pinmemberayman_hideab26-Mar-11 23:59 
GeneralPlease write your comment in English PinmemberArash Javadi5-Oct-10 6:54 
GeneralMy vote of 5 PinmemberAmir Mehrabi-Jorshary10-Aug-10 21:09 
Generalsalam Pinmemberhossein narimani rad29-Jul-10 1:25 
GeneralRe: salam PinmemberArash Javadi30-Sep-10 20:01 
Generalsalam Pinmemberar2542325-May-10 23:19 
GeneralSalam Arash PinmemberZarema10-Mar-10 22:35 
GeneralRe: Salam Arash PinmemberArash Javadi5-Oct-10 7:03 
GeneralLooking for your answer and suggestions. PinmemberSu_shamim7-Mar-10 18:47 
GeneralRe: Looking for your answer and suggestions. PinmemberArash Javadi5-Oct-10 7:17 
Generalincomplete and mismatched PinmemberFiguerres5-Oct-09 2:33 
GeneralRe: incomplete and mismatched PinmemberArash Javadi10-Oct-09 17:34 
GeneralMy vote of 2 PinmemberBishoy Ghaly22-Jun-09 22:36 
GeneralNeed CODE PinmemberZeeshan Saeed14-Jun-09 18:31 
GeneralRe: Need CODE PinmemberArash Javadi15-Jun-09 0:16 
GeneralSMS PinmemberLegoMindstorms20-May-09 10:57 
GeneralRe: SMS PinmemberArash Javadi20-May-09 11:08 
GeneralRe: SMS PinmemberLegoMindstorms20-May-09 11:09 

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