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Motion JPEG Streaming Server

, 23 Apr 2012
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Implementing a MJPEG (or Motion JPEG) streaming server that can be used to steam screenshots or any other source of images over the HTTP protocol to any web browser client (MJPEG stream writer is included in the library).

For mobile clients:

Samsung Galaxy SII

Other clients (such as Firefox, Chrome and VLC player):

Streaming the desktop images to different remote clients

Introduction

Motion JPEG is a stream of JPG images over HTTP protocol and it is commonly used for many multimedia applications specially in digital cameras (IP cameras). Although there are many ways to send images as a video to any remote computer  MJPEG is the preferred one since normally it does not need any client software to be installed in the remote computer!. that is because it is supported by most of the common web browsers like Firefox and Chrome but unfortunately, it is not yet supported by Internet Explorer directly (but there are some plug-ins that make it possible to work with IE).

Motivation 

In many I needed to stream a video of my desktop, camera, or whatever to a remote computer which has no client software to see my stream... In such a case, using Motion-JPEG streams is preferred because it needs no more than an internet browser. In this article I'm not going to describe the internal structure of an MJPEG stream (for more information, please visit Motion_JPEG) instead of that I'm going to describe how to use this library for MJPEG streaming.

How to use this library

The main class in our library is ImageSreamingSever() which contains the following methods and properties:

Methods:

  • void Start(): Starts the server on a specified TCP port.
  • void Stop(): Stops the server and closes any open connections.

Properties:

  • ImagesSource: The images collection (IEnumerable<Image>) to be streamed to any connected client.
  • Interval: The delay time (in milliseconds) between each sending image from the ImagesSource collection.
  • IsRunning: Is a read-only bool property indicating the status of the server.
  • Clients: Returns a read-only collection of the currently connected socket of each client.

Example:

In order to implement a streaming server that can send a video of your desktop screen to any connected client, you'll need only two lines of code using our ImageStreamingServer, as follow:

ImageStreamingServer server = new ImageStreamingServer(); 
server.Start(8080);

That's it !!!.. 

Now if you open (for example) the chrome internet explorer and write the IP of the server followed by colon and then the port number, in our example it is something like this :

http://127.0.0.1:8080

you will properly see a video of your computer screen in the explorer .. and same if you do this from another computer (with the correct IP of your server), you should see something like this :

Google Chrome

Implementing your own ImagesSource 

Actually I've chosen IEnumerable<Image> as a source of images because of the flexibility that this interface is providing, for example the default ImagesSource property of the class ImageStreamingServer is an IEnumerable<Image> of the desktop screen, but at the same time you are free to implement any other type of image source you like by changing the value of that property.

Suppose you want to make the images source from the camera or from the images file of any folder in your computer, then your code should be something like this:

IEnumerable<Image> CameraImagesSource() 
{ 
    // Your code must be here 
} 

IEnumerable<Image> FolderImagesSource(string path) 
{ 
    // Your code must be here 
}

As a real example, let's implement a source of images that streams all "*.jpg" photos from a specified folder path as follows:

private IEnumerable<Image> FolderImagesSource(string path)
{
    var files = System.IO.Directory.GetFiles(path, "*.jpg");

    foreach (var file in files)
        yield return Image.FromFile(file);

    yield break;
}

private void Form1_Load(object sender, EventArgs e)
{
    var source = FolderImagesSource(@"C:\Pictures\");

    _Server = new ImageStreamingServer();
    _Server.ImagesSource = source;
    _Server.Start(8080);
}

Note: the above code can be shortened as follows (thanks for IEnumerable extensions and LINQ):

var source = System.IO.Directory.GetFiles(@"C:\Pictures\", "*.jpg").Select(s => Image.FromFile(s));

_Server = new ImageStreamingServer(source);
_Server.Start(8080);

Supported client software

To see the streaming video of our server, you will need to use any software that supports Motion-JPEG streaming such as a Mozilla Firefox, Google's Chrome or VideoLAN Player (VLC) :

Free client software for Windows PC

And finally for your mobile (android) use FireFox or any other free app that can be found on Google's market such as tinyCamMonitor (that was used in the picture below):

Samsung Galaxy SII

Future versions 

In the future versions of the library I'm going to add a variety of images sources such as:

  • Images from a specific region of the screen.
  • Images from a specific window in the system.
  • Streaming images from a camera. 
  • All photos from any folder in a disk.
  • And any other suggested sources of images you may want !? ...

And till that time, fill free to enjoy this version Wink | ;-)

License

This article, along with any associated source code and files, is licensed under The Code Project Open License (CPOL)

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About the Author

Ragheed Al-Tayeb
Team Leader Hawk International for Finance & Construction Ltd.
Yemen Yemen
Bachelor degree of Computer Sciences, Software developer using .NET (Visual Basic & C#).
I like the development of an Artificial Intelligence Systems, GPS Applications, GDI+, APIs, N-Tier Applications, Distributed Systems and Network Monitoring Systems.
Mobile Development (Windows Mobile & Android).

Comments and Discussions

 
QuestionMotion JPEG Streaming from Device to Desktop Pinmemberabdulahadone1-Aug-14 1:14 
QuestionRTSP? Pinmemberdanpa8-Jul-14 17:47 
AnswerRe: RTSP? Pinmemberdanpa10-Jul-14 19:38 
QuestionStream mjpeg from IP camera Pinmemberlsamijn20-Apr-14 22:11 
QuestionRegarding Stream mjpeg file over Internet Pinmemberdipakdpatel14-Apr-14 23:37 
QuestionCan others see my screen ? PinmemberMember 106360356-Mar-14 13:56 
QuestionHow to run the ImageStreamingServer on a website Pinmemberfranva00815-Feb-14 4:03 
AnswerRe: How to run the ImageStreamingServer on a website PinmemberАндрей Корниенко27-Feb-14 18:33 
GeneralRe: How to run the ImageStreamingServer on a website Pinmemberfranva0085-Mar-14 5:31 
Question"I Am Making Software To Remote Other Desktop And I Am Get Help Of Your Rtavideostreamer Code Of C# , I Implement It Successfully Without Error But I Get Client Count Is 0 Then What I Do....Please...": PinmemberMember 1052710517-Jan-14 18:14 
QuestionDo you know why it caused crash on Firefox (version 26) after 20 min? Pinmemberxmans7-Jan-14 19:13 
QuestionHuge memory leaks PinmemberDaddy_leo200116-Dec-13 1:50 
AnswerRe: Huge memory leaks Pinmemberxmans7-Jan-14 16:54 
QuestionNullReferenceExeption [modified] PinmemberАндрей Корниенко15-Dec-13 22:50 
Bug_Server.Stop(); Pinmemberktkachenko2-Sep-13 2:54 
QuestionVideo files stream mp4 PinmemberMember 70888531-Aug-13 23:18 
QuestionGreat and succinct article! Need one more feature to make it perfect Pinmemberfranva00822-Aug-13 16:06 
QuestionSpecific Window PinmemberMember 1020733713-Aug-13 6:41 
GeneralMy vote of 5 Pinmemberdrazen129-Aug-13 1:41 
GeneralMy vote of 3 PinmemberMic8-Aug-13 15:01 
BugDoes not works in IE Pinprofessionalvijayksingh24-Jul-13 18:56 
GeneralRe: Does not works in IE PinmemberRagheed Al-Tayeb25-Jul-13 20:03 
Questionhi PinmemberJtmaroor26-Jun-13 22:48 
GeneralMy vote of 5 PinmemberJtmaroor26-Jun-13 22:45 
QuestionEmbedded Streaming PinmemberPaul Philip Daniels21-Jun-13 8:07 
QuestionAbout MJPEG Streaming Server PinmemberMember 998370612-Apr-13 6:02 
QuestionVideo Streaming PinmemberFábio Pinho29-Mar-13 4:30 
AnswerRe: Video Streaming Pinmemberjoshua53679-Apr-13 20:44 
GeneralRe: Video Streaming PinmemberFábio Pinho9-Apr-13 22:19 
AnswerRe: Video Streaming PinmemberRahul Kumar12-Jun-14 1:16 
BugError when Call Stop() PinmemberHong Thai8-Mar-13 5:41 
AnswerRe: Error when Call Stop() PinmemberMember 1010956114-Jun-13 11:47 
Questionhow to connect web camera as a source? PinmemberAl-hassaan17-Feb-13 7:45 
QuestionAny chance for VB.net Example? Pinmemberitayzoro9-Feb-13 22:07 
GeneralMy vote of 5 PinmemberKarell Ste-Marie1-Feb-13 6:18 
QuestionThx! Pinmemberzuppaman15-Jan-13 6:02 
QuestionWebcam Pinmembermornej18-Dec-12 23:00 
QuestionConnect IP Camera Pinmemberthuongbinh3-Oct-12 22:35 
QuestionIP Camera Live stream image loading PinmemberRAJESHkharvi12-Sep-12 19:34 
QuestionVote of 5 Pinmemberyetanotheruser927-Sep-12 2:38 
GeneralMy vote of 5 PinmemberMahdi Nejadsahebi18-Aug-12 4:31 
Questionconnect IP camera over the network PinmemberVan Sereyboth30-Jul-12 23:34 
Question_Server.Stop() doesn´t work PinmemberParanosh30-Jul-12 6:36 
QuestionMumtiple jpeg files created on the fly... PinmemberPatrick Antonioli Ferraro25-Jul-12 7:37 
GeneralMy vote of 5 PinmembereasternC10-Jul-12 20:08 
GeneralCool! [modified] Pinmembery.konyshev21-Jun-12 10:06 
Questionprotect the access by user and password PinmemberAlberto Llaguno18-Jun-12 11:02 
QuestionHow do you get all the tcp clients ? Pinmemberchoneshcl7-Jun-12 5:09 
SuggestionAwesome Job, Looking forward to the update PinmemberLollaskates5-Jun-12 5:26 
Questiongood job Pinmemberhbcykensou4-Jun-12 1:13 

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