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Passing variables between pages using QueryString

, 18 Jan 2004 CPOL
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Pass variables between pages using QueryString and Format with Server.UrlEncode method.


Often you need to pass variable content between your html pages or aspx webforms in context of Asp.Net. For example in first page you collect information about your client, her name and last name and use this information in your second page.

For passing variables content between pages ASP.NET gives us several choices. One choice is using QueryString property of Request Object. When surfing internet you should have seen weird internet address such as one below.

This html addresses use QueryString property to pass values between pages. In this address you send 3 information.

  1. Webform2.aspx this is the page your browser will go.
  2. name=Atilla you send a name variable which is set to Atilla
  3. lastName=Ozgur you send a lastName variable which is set to Ozgur

As you have guessed ? starts your QueryString, and & is used between variables. Building such a query string in Asp.Net is very easy. Our first form will have 2 textboxes and one submit button.

Put this code to your submit button event handler.

private void btnSubmit_Click(object sender, System.EventArgs e)
Response.Redirect("Webform2.aspx?Name=" +
this.txtName.Text + "&LastName=" +

Our first code part builds a query string for your application and send contents of your textboxes to second page. Now how to retrieve this values from second page. Put this code to second page page_load.

private void Page_Load(object sender, System.EventArgs e)
this.txtBox1.Text = Request.QueryString["Name"];
this.txtBox2.Text = Request.QueryString["LastName"];

Request.QueryString is overloaded with a second way. You can also retrieve this values using their position in the querystring. There is a little trick here. If your QueryString is not properly built Asp.Net will give error.

private void Page_Load(object sender, 

System.EventArgs e)
this.txtBox1.Text = Request.QueryString[0];
this.txtBox2.Text = Request.QueryString[1];

Some other ways to reach contents of QueryString.

foreach( string s in Request.QueryString)


for (int i =0;i < Request.QueryString.Count;i++)

Advantages of this approach

  1. It is very easy.

Disadvantages of this approach

  1. QueryString have a max length, If you have to send a lot information this approach does not work.
  2. QueryString is visible in your address part of your browser so you should not use it with sensitive information.
  3. QueryString can not be used to send & and space characters.

If you write this code and try them you will see that you have a problems with space and & characters, e.g. if you need to send a variable which contains & such as "Mark & Spencer". There must be a solution for this problem. If you look to Google’s query string you will see that it contains a lot of %20. This is the solution of our third disadvantage. Replace space with %20 and & with %26 for example.

private void btnSubmit_Click(object sender, System.EventArgs e)
string p1 = this.txtName.Text.Replace("&","%26");
p1 = this.txtName.Text.Replace(" ","%20");
string p2 = this.txtLastName.Text.Replace("&","%26");
p2 = this.txtName.Text.Replace(" ","%20"); 
            "WebForm2.aspx?" + 
            "Name=" + p1 + 
            "&LastName=" + p2;

Since this is a such a common problem Asp.Net should have some way to solve. There it is Server.UrlEncode. Server.UrlEncode method changes your query strings to so that they will not create problems.

 private void btnSubmit_Click(object sender, System.EventArgs e)
Response.Redirect("WebForm2.Aspx?" + 
"Name=" +   Server.UrlEncode(this.txtName.Text) + 
"&LastName=" + Server.UrlEncode(this.txtLastName.Text)); 

Same solution is in Microsoft .Net Quick Start tutorials.

ASP.NET --- Working with Web Controls ---

--- Performing Page Navigation (Scenario 1) ---
--- Performing Page Navigation (Scenario 2) ---

Look at them also if you want to see more example for this technique. Also I advise you to look at Alex Beynenson's article about building QueryString(s).


This article, along with any associated source code and files, is licensed under The Code Project Open License (CPOL)


About the Author

Atilla Ozgur
Turkey Turkey
I started programming in 1991 with Amiga 68000 Assembler. I am a web and database developer proficient in different languages and databases

Comments and Discussions

Generalnice Pinmembersource.compiler11-Aug-12 16:49 
GeneralMy vote of 5 Pinmemberlmcatony10-Aug-12 8:45 
Questionhfj Pinmembergajendra2256-Jul-12 22:01 
Questionquery string PinmemberRamya.Raju.M15-Jun-12 23:17 
QuestionQuery String PinmemberSharda Vishwakarma18-May-12 22:12 
AnswerRe: Query String Pinmemberraikripa22-Jun-12 3:18 
GeneralRe: Query String PinmemberMember 1010501511-Feb-14 22:02 
Suggestioneasy concept of query string Pinmemberatulkath284-Apr-12 3:12 
GeneralMy vote of 5 PinmemberSam Path21-Feb-12 19:19 
GeneralMy vote of 3 PinmemberKailash_Singh4-Nov-11 0:56 
QuestionXML to connect to URL? Pinmembertomngs9-Sep-11 5:25 
QuestionQuery string - nice article PinmemberFergal19707-Sep-11 10:56 
GeneralMy vote of 5 Pinmemberlopinti5-Jul-11 22:14 
GeneralMy vote of 4 Pinmemberrmksiva30-May-11 0:45 
GeneralMy vote of 5 Pinmemberlangkow15-Apr-11 4:31 
GeneralMy vote of 4 PinmemberMember 39118732-Feb-11 0:44 
QuestionHow to display data in a gridview by make use of querystring PinmemberBoney19844-Jan-11 17:01 
GeneralMy vote of 5 Pinmemberroshan1234567822-Sep-10 21:04 
GeneralMy vote of 5 PinmemberSharad Kulkarni22-Sep-10 1:36 
GeneralMy vote of 1 Pinmembersayhello.siddu5-Aug-10 23:43 
GeneralQuery Strings PinmemberDursetty Kaveri22-Jun-10 23:34 
GeneralMy vote of 1 Pinmember_Armen1-Oct-09 5:30 
GeneralExecelent Article Pinmemberasif hossain shantu29-Sep-09 20:12 
GeneralQuery String Pass Pinmemberprabusundaram23-Jan-09 2:18 
GeneralQueryString help Pinmemberdomenicfz9-Dec-08 10:07 
GeneralHELP!?! PinmemberPhilly Burton8-Oct-07 5:38 
GeneralRe: HELP!?! Pinmemberpakiyo27-Nov-07 17:56 
GeneralRe: HELP!?! Pinmemberdotnetwizmanohar14-May-12 23:39 
Generalpassing checkboxlist from page to page Pinmembersamflex14-Jul-07 17:21 
QuestionHow to retrieve passing filename ? PinmemberHelgeduelbeck29-Jun-07 13:29 
GeneralPassing from html PinmemberUnsichtbar22-May-07 7:05 
QuestionPass through html link variables to results asp page Pinmemberjohnrobinm20-Mar-07 18:55 
GeneralRequest.QueryString is Empty while it show in the URL PinmemberKarim Rabbani14-Mar-07 6:10 
GeneralRe: Request.QueryString is Empty while it show in the URL PinmemberSubodh Ramugade21-Dec-11 21:17 
Generalplz send me usage of querystring Pinmemberkale.priya9-Jan-07 23:24 
GeneralRe: plz send me usage of querystring Pinmemberpakiyo27-Nov-07 17:58 
GeneralHi PinmemberAstalaVista Baby18-Dec-06 22:44 
GeneralQuery String PinmemberPushpa Setty26-Oct-06 20:26 
GeneralAbout QueryString Pinmemberavding8-Jun-06 23:15 
QuestionQuery String PinmemberJames Robertson31-Mar-06 10:35 
GeneralRequest Querystring in Pinmembervkancherlapalli@linkageinc.com14-Jul-05 7:53 
GeneralRe: Request Querystring in PinmemberSteve Maier14-Jul-05 8:14 
GeneralRe: Request Querystring in Pinmembervkancherlapalli@linkageinc.com14-Jul-05 8:17 
GeneralRe: Request Querystring in PinmemberSteve Maier14-Jul-05 8:46 
GeneralRe: Request Querystring in Pinmembervkancherlapalli@linkageinc.com14-Jul-05 9:15 
GeneralRe: Request Querystring in PinmemberSteve Maier14-Jul-05 9:51 
GeneralRe: Request Querystring in PinmemberAtilla Ozgur16-Jul-05 2:16 
QuestionHiding these variables from the user? PinsussAnonymous23-Jun-05 17:52 
AnswerRe: Hiding these variables from the user? Pinmemberjhered14-Dec-06 9:41 
AnswerRe: Hiding these variables from the user? Pinmemberthanei18-Jul-07 3:35 

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