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Convert Japanese string to Romaji

By , 13 Jun 2010
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Introduction

This simple tool converts a Japanese string to the equivalent Romaji string.

Screenshot of Japanese to Romaji converter.

Background

The romanization of Japanese is the application of the Latin alphabet to write the Japanese language. This method of writing is known as Romji. The Japanese language is written with a combination of three scripts: Chinese characters called kanji, and two syllabic scripts made up of modified Chinese characters, Hiragana and Katakana. Here I converts the Hiragana and Katakana letters to Romaji.

Using the Code

The Unicode chart guided me to build these tools:

When I started studying Japanese, it was very difficult to identify a Japanese text. I thought if a tool can convert Japanese to Romaji, then it will be good. After reading the Unicode range of Japanese characters, I got an idea to create the tool myself. There are a lot of tools available on the internet for converting Japanese to Romaji. Here is a simple technique to convert Japanese to Romaji.

// This function parse the given file and output pUnicodeMap.
// Returns the count of parsed elements.
int Parser::ParaseDB( TCHAR* pDBFileData_i, std::map<int,std::wstring>& pUnicodeMap ); 

The language information is added as two resource files, Hiragana.txt and Katakana.txt. These files are read from resource using the following code:

HRSRC hrInfo = FindResource( 0, MAKEINTRESOURCE
			( IDR_IDR_HIRAGANA ),TEXT("IDR_DATA"));
HGLOBAL hRc =  LoadResource(0, hrInfo  );
TCHAR* pBuffer = (TCHAR* )LockResource( hRc );

Parser p;
// Parse the database of Hiragana.txt and update unicode map.
p.ParaseDB(pBuffer, m_UnicodeMap);
	
HRSRC hrInfoKatakana = FindResource
	( 0, MAKEINTRESOURCE( IDR_IDR_KATAKANA ),TEXT("IDR_DATA"));
HGLOBAL hRcKatakana =  LoadResource(0, hrInfoKatakana  );
TCHAR* pBufferKatakana = (TCHAR* )LockResource( hRcKatakana );

// Parse the database of Katakana.txt and update unicode map.
p.ParaseDB(pBufferKatakana, m_UnicodeMap);

Points of Interest

The Parser class can parse a text file containing Unicode value and corresponding English string. ParseDB() function parses the data in the below format and outputs a map containing all elements in the input file.

BEGIN_MAP:

//?

3093,12435,N.

      ..

      ..

END_MAP:

History

  • 13th June, 2010: Initial post

License

This article, along with any associated source code and files, is licensed under The Code Project Open License (CPOL)

About the Author

Santhosh G_

India India
No Biography provided

Comments and Discussions

 
QuestionHOW TO RUN? PinmemberGerome Gibz Teodosio4-Oct-12 5:21 
Bugsome errors in translation PinmemberNZ Programmer21-Sep-12 14:03 
GeneralKanji PinmemberClaunia18-Jun-10 3:05 
GeneralRe: Kanji Pinmembersanthosh4gCode20-Jun-10 4:59 
GeneralDomo arigato! Pinmemberxawari15-Jun-10 5:46 
GeneralNice idea... PinmemberMichael E. Jones14-Jun-10 1:35 

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