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Extension Methods in C#

, 4 Apr 2011
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This feature is fascinating. Extension Methods give us the ability to include custom methods with the existing types w/o inheriting the actual type. Gives you the ability to invoke the methods as if they are instance methods on the actual type. But at compile time, an extension method has lower priority than the instance methods. Suppose you created an extension method name IsNullOrEmpty for the type String. The method invocation will always pick the one which is in the instance and ignore your extension method.
 
Though they are extending the instance type with methods, these methods are never have the ability to access the private members or methods of the type.
 
See this example,
namespace ExtensionMethods {
  public static class Extensions {
    public static DateTime StartOfWeek(this DateTime dt, DayOfWeek startOfWeek) {
      int diff = dt.DayOfWeek - startOfWeek;
      if (diff < 0) {
        diff += 7;
      }
      return dt.AddDays(-1 * diff).Date;
    }
  }
}
 

It will return the date of start of the week. You can invoke this method like this,
DateTime dt = DateTime.Now.StartOfWeek(DayOfWeek.Monday);
To define extension methods with few words we can say
 
- They are static methods.
- First parameter of the method must specified the type that operating on. Proceed with the ‘this’ modifier.
- Ignore first parameter during invocation.
- Call the methods as if they were instance methods on the type.

License

This article, along with any associated source code and files, is licensed under The Code Project Open License (CPOL)

About the Author

Md Nazmoon Noor
Software Developer (Senior) Brain Station - 23
Bangladesh Bangladesh
No Biography provided

Comments and Discussions

 
GeneralReason for my vote of 5 simple explanation... PinmemberCGN00715-Sep-11 19:34 
GeneralDo you know about <a href="http://www.extensionmethod.net">h... PinmemberInTRUEdeR19-Apr-11 1:15 
GeneralExcelent review on Extension Methods. They are very handy in... PinmemberMember 414818817-Apr-11 19:26 
GeneralReason for my vote of 5 It is the little things that make th... PinmemberKim Togo12-Apr-11 0:24 
Reason for my vote of 5
It is the little things that make the difference.
GeneralReason for my vote of 5 Handy new feature that I was looking... PinmemberSteven O11-Apr-11 18:17 
GeneralExtension Methods PinmemberMax Peck12-Apr-11 4:20 
GeneralRe: Extension Methods PinmemberRonee Noor12-Apr-11 8:12 
GeneralRe: Extension Methods PinmemberMax Peck12-Apr-11 9:50 

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