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Magic square in VB.NET

, 14 Dec 2011 CPOL
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Calculating the magic square in VB.NET.

This is a simple console application developed with VB.NET for gerating the magic square of an odd number.

The magic squares problem leads to work into areas of mathematics such as theories of groups, lattices, Latin squares, determinants, partitions, matrices, and congruence arithmetic. Computer scientists are also perplexed by the difficulty of generating all magic squares of larger sizes.

In the solution, Sum shows the summation of any row, column, or diagonal.


The complete code is like this....

Module Module1
    Public s, size As Integer
    Sub Main()
        Dim n As Integer = 1
        Dim i As Integer = 1
        Dim j As Integer = 2
        Console.Write("ENTER THE SIZE OF MAGIC SQUARE:  ")
        s = Console.ReadLine()
        size = s
        Dim sum As Integer = 0
        Dim ans(s, s) As Integer
        If s <> 3 Then
            Dim tmp As Integer = (s - 3) \ 2
            i = i + tmp
            j = j + tmp
        End If
        While n <= s * s
            If ans(i, j) = 0 Then
                ans(i, j) = n
                n = n - 1
                i = i + 2
            End If
            i = i - 1
            j = j + 1
            If (i = -1 And j = s) Then
                i = 0
                j = 1
            End If
            If j >= s Then
                j = j - s
            End If
            If i < 0 Then
                i = s - 1
            End If
            n = n + 1
        End While
        Console.WriteLine("MAGIC SQUARE:")
        For k As Integer = 0 To size - 1
            For l As Integer = 0 To size - 1
                Console.Write("    " & ans(k, l))
        sum = ans(s \ 2, s \ 2) * s
        Console.Write("SUM: " & sum)
    End Sub
End Module

The summation is based on this equation:

SUM =  { N ( N^2 + 1 ) } /  2

Where the N is number of row or column. If N = 5, then the result will be 65.


This article, along with any associated source code and files, is licensed under The Code Project Open License (CPOL)


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Comments and Discussions

GeneralRe: Okay so what does it mean PinmemberPeter Hawke22-Dec-11 13:55 
GeneralRe: :) PinmemberNikulDarji20-Dec-11 3:40 
GeneralRe: I agree, that paying attention to the logic behind the progr... PinmemberMember 841302020-Dec-11 2:44 
GeneralDim ans(s, s) As Integer What does the ans(s, s) mean. Is ... PinmemberPeter Hawke20-Dec-11 13:49 
GeneralRe: Yes....:) PinmemberNikulDarji20-Dec-11 19:30 
GeneralReason for my vote of 2 I'll add to the previous dissatisfac... PinmemberMember 841302020-Dec-11 0:17 
GeneralRe: Don't u think u have to pay attention on logic behind this p... PinmemberNikulDarji20-Dec-11 2:24 
GeneralReason for my vote of 1 How about explaining what a 'magic s... Pinmemberpt140118-Dec-11 7:02 
Reason for my vote of 1
How about explaining what a 'magic square' is? Or what the 'magic squares problem' is?
The code doesn't have a single line of commentry, and without an explanation of the problem it claims to solve it's hard to tell whether it's a good solution - or even it it works.

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