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Using WCF without a generated proxy, by using ChannelFactory

, 5 Jul 2010 CPOL
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I find myself re-using this sort of snippet often, so I'm posting it here for all to enjoy. Smile | :)

The issue here is: Using the built in proxy generator for referencing WCF services from client code is OK, but a neater way to do it is shown below - this ONLY works if the server and client code are both controlled by the author - its no good for publicly exposed web services where you expect the user to query the WSDL or service metadata as this will always end up with a SVCUTIL built proxy.

So what you do is, pull out your interface and your contract objects, to a 3rd assembly, and reference that from your service code and also your client. Then simply use the class shown below, from the client, plugging in the contract interface where the generic type is required. Add a config line pointing at the service endpoint. Voila!

public class ServiceWrapper<T> : IDisposable where T: class
        ChannelFactory<T> factory;
        private T channel;
        private readonly BasicHttpBinding binding;
        private readonly EndpointAddress endpoint;
        private readonly object lockObject = new object();
        private bool disposed;
        public ServiceWrapper(string configName)
            if (ConfigurationManager.AppSettings[configName] == null)
                throw new ConfigurationErrorsException(configName + " is not present in the config file");
            binding = new BasicHttpBinding();
            endpoint = new EndpointAddress(ConfigurationManager.AppSettings[configName]);
            disposed = false;
        public T Channel
                if (disposed)
                    throw new ObjectDisposedException("Resource ServiceWrapper<"+typeof(T)+"> has been disposed");
                lock (lockObject)
                    if (factory == null)
                        factory = new ChannelFactory<T>(binding, endpoint);
                        channel = factory.CreateChannel();
                return channel;
        public void Dispose()

        public void Dispose(bool disposing)
            if (!disposed)
                if (disposing)
                    lock (lockObject)
                        if (channel != null)
                            ((IClientChannel) channel).Close();
                        if (factory != null)
                    channel = null;
                    factory = null;
                    disposed = true;

(Don't forget to wrap the service wrapper in a using statement so that the dispose gets called when it goes out of scope)

private const string SERVICE_ENDPOINT = "ServiceEndpoint";
using (var sw = new ServiceWrapper<IDataService>(SERVICE_ENDPOINT))
    MyType t = sw.Channel.MyFunction(3);


    <add key="ServiceEndpoint" value="http://localhost:55757/DataService.svc" />


This article, along with any associated source code and files, is licensed under The Code Project Open License (CPOL)


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Comments and Discussions

GeneralMy vote of 5 Pin
Miled Felizardo8-Feb-13 5:05
memberMiled Felizardo8-Feb-13 5:05 
GeneralReason for my vote of 5 nice one Pin
Pranay Rana30-Dec-10 17:18
memberPranay Rana30-Dec-10 17:18 
GeneralQuick & short explanation will expose the beauty of this tip... Pin
Md. Marufuzzaman30-Jun-10 7:47
mentorMd. Marufuzzaman30-Jun-10 7:47 

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