I did not rely on it - I had checked this with a STATIC_ASSERT(...) macro.
But when I tried to compile the program with VC2008, this failed.
(indeed, if I hadn't used the STATIC_ASSERT, I would perhaps still wonder why the program does not work as expected...)
All keywords that begin with and underscore followed by a capital letter (_Nodeptr) are reserved for use internally by the standard C++ library and must not be used. Also, it is not a good idea to store iterators because they will be invalidated whenever the any change happens to the container. So, for example, if one item is deleted from the list, some of the iterators will become invalid.
«_Superman_» I love work. It gives me something to do between weekends.
I agree that these internal members may change for different STL versions.
But, at least for STL list, all iterators remain valid as long as you do not remove the corresponding item from the list. This is guaranteed by the standard.
Have you a better idea how to store a reference to some item of a doubly linked list within the CListBox, so that I can add another item before/after the selected item or to remove the corresponding item from the STL list?
Don't store iterators, it's not a good idea. I'd say that you should take the opportunity to refactor the code a bit.
If you're not going to remove or add elements inside the list (I assume not, since that could invalidate iterators), you could use a std::vector instead, and store the indices in the listbox. This would also give constant-time access, just like having an iterator already.
If you are going to add or remove in the middle of the list, use a std::map with an autoincrementing unsigned int as a key, and store that key in the listbox.
Both of these solutions are safe in the face of change.
Surely, I am adding and removing elements from the STL (doubly linked) list. That is the purpose of the CListBox control.
The STL list lives, in principle, for the whole program lifetime. If I want to change the contents of the list, I create a child window with the CListBox control and populate it with the items of the list (together with the iterator). To add a new item before/after the currently selected item in the CListBox control, I use the iterator to find the corresponding item in the STL list. When I want to delete an item, its the same.
This works, as the iterators of the STL list are guaranteed to be valid as long as you don't delete the corresponding item.
For my case, a map would not work as it does not remember the ordering of the items. To store the indices of the vector would not make sense as these change if one item is inserted or removed. The doubly linked list seems, in principle, to be the best choice due to the constant insert/remove time.
It is slower than direct access via the iterator, but should not be noticeable in a GUI context.
In my case, you are surely right. Inserting/removing items into/from the CListBox is much slower than iterating over the items int the STL list.
However, in this case I could also use a vector. The index of the CListBox would directly correspond to the index of the vector. Although inserting an item in the middle of the vector is no constant time operation, it would not be noticeable within the GUI.
Just curios: Is there any container concept with raw access by index (not by Key) and at least logarithmic insertion/removal time?
The iterator members aren't granted to remain the same, and the iterator itself can be wider than just a pointer (it may have some other members for checkup).
The standard grants that list::itrerator will always be valid until the element they refer remain in the list. An list grants that the element retain their placement in memory until they remain in the list.
Instead of store the iterator, store the pointer to the value the iterator refers to:
You can -at this pioint- access the element directly through the pointer.
Just make sure to update the list and the list-box coherently.
(Note: if *iter has a unary-& overload, just use std::address_of(*iter) )
Thank you for your answer and the interesting article.
However, as I mentioned, I am doing insertions within the middle of the list - so the indices change and it does not make any sense to store them in the data cell.
Additionally: Your article assumes that I would have to find the right insert position and therefore the vector would be faster - but if it would have been possible to store the iterator inside the data cell, I would immediately start at the right position of my linked list.
It would still be nice to have a data structure allowing access by index (not Key!) while beeing able to insert/remove elements in logarithmic time.
I am trying to change the resource data in an EXE file for some reasons. Before I do that, I must get the address of it. But I don't know how to get it. I read some documents of PE. Now I can get the address of IMAGE_RESOURCE_DIRECTORY. Then I open a my-own EXE to do so.
In this EXE, I had added a resource specified by myself. Now I try to change it. In resource-directory structure, the value of RVA of that data is 55E18h. But I can't get the correct address from this RVA. The base address of IMAGE_RESOURCE_DIRECTORY is 4E600h in my EXE. If I add the RVA to the base address, the result address is beyond the file. The correct address of data is 4F418h. I don't know how to get it. Is there somebody be kind to tell me the method? Thx!
There is some white cloud floating on the blue sky. That's the landscape I like.
However, I can't see any sign of them in the final TR1 or C++11. Are they there, but somewhere I've missed? Were they kicked out when the concepts were removed? Will they return if/when concepts do? Who was that masked stranger?
(The correct place to ask this question might be the one of the Boost mailing lists or comp.lang.c++ but I'm not really curious enough to go through the subscription when I can ask here, and I think it's a valid question.)
in my display framework to fire my OnChange method to browser. Using script, I'm setting cancelchange status( window.event.ReturnValue = false; ). But "pfCancelled" argument of FireEvent is not returning cancel status "VARIANT_FALSE". Anybody knows the reason?