Click here to Skip to main content
Click here to Skip to main content

GridView Custom Paging

By , 3 Nov 2006
Rate this:
Please Sign up or sign in to vote.

Introduction

The GridView control provides you with an easy way to display the number of items on a page without taking much space, with the help of paging. You can enable the paging feature in the GridView control in seconds. The built-in paging is pretty good if you are fetching less than 100 items. As soon as the number of items increases, the performance suffers. The main reason for the performance kill is that whenever you go to a new page of the GridView, it fetches all the items from the database. In this article, I will demonstrate how you can use custom paging to improve the performance of GridView paging.

Database and Stored Procedure

I will be using the good old Northwind database. The stored procedure is written by Greg Hamilton. You can view Greg Hamilton's article here: A More Efficient Method for Paging Through Large Result Sets. Greg created a very efficient stored procedure that works without the use of temporary tables or the TABLE variable.

I have modified the stored procedure by adding a few fields. Here is the modified version of the stored procedure:

CREATE PROCEDURE [usp_GetProducts] 
@startRowIndex int,
@maximumRows int, 
@totalRows int OUTPUT

AS

DECLARE @first_id int, @startRow int

SET @startRowIndex =  (@startRowIndex - 1)  * @maximumRows

IF @startRowIndex = 0 
SET @startRowIndex = 1

SET ROWCOUNT @startRowIndex

SELECT @first_id = ProductID FROM Products ORDER BY ProductID

PRINT @first_id

SET ROWCOUNT @maximumRows

SELECT ProductID, ProductName FROM Products WHERE 
ProductID >= @first_id 
ORDER BY ProductID
 
SET ROWCOUNT 0

-- GEt the total rows 

SELECT @totalRows = COUNT(ProductID) FROM Products
GO

I highly recommend that you check out Greg’s article in which he explains in detail how the stored procedure works.

Displaying Paged Data on the Page

I will be paging through the records using the “Next” and the “Previous” buttons. The Label control will display our current location in the paged GridView. Let’s first set up some of the variables.

protected int currentPageNumber = 1;
private const int PAGE_SIZE = 10;

The currentPageNumber represents the current page of the GridView, and the PAGE_SIZE is the total number of records displayed on each page. You can also allow the user to adjust the page size using a DropDownList, but that is not covered in this article.

Next, we need to bind the data source to the GridView. Let’s check out the BindData method as a whole, and later I will dissect it so you will have a better idea.

private void BindData()
{
    string connectionString = "Server=localhost;" + 
           "Database=Northwind;Trusted_Connection=true";
    SqlConnection myConnection = new SqlConnection(connectionString);
    SqlCommand myCommand = new SqlCommand("usp_GetProducts", 
                                           myConnection);
    myCommand.CommandType = CommandType.StoredProcedure;

    myCommand.Parameters.AddWithValue("@startRowIndex", 
                                      currentPageNumber);
    myCommand.Parameters.AddWithValue("@maximumRows", PAGE_SIZE);
    myCommand.Parameters.Add("@totalRows", SqlDbType.Int, 4);
    myCommand.Parameters["@totalRows"].Direction = 
                       ParameterDirection.Output;

    SqlDataAdapter ad = new SqlDataAdapter(myCommand);

    DataSet ds = new DataSet();
    ad.Fill(ds);

    gvProducts.DataSource = ds;
    gvProducts.DataBind();

    // get the total rows 
    double totalRows = (int)myCommand.Parameters["@totalRows"].Value;

    lblTotalPages.Text = CalculateTotalPages(totalRows).ToString();

    lblCurrentPage.Text = currentPageNumber.ToString(); 

    if (currentPageNumber == 1)
    {
        Btn_Previous.Enabled = false;

        if (Int32.Parse(lblTotalPages.Text) > 0)
        {
            Btn_Next.Enabled = true;
        }
        else
            Btn_Next.Enabled = false;

    }

    else
    {
        Btn_Previous.Enabled = true;

        if (currentPageNumber == Int32.Parse(lblTotalPages.Text))
            Btn_Next.Enabled = false;
        else Btn_Next.Enabled = true; 
    }
}

Now, let’s take a look at the above code in more detail. I am sending the currentPageNumber and the PAGE_SIZE into the database so I can get the data for the current page. The totalRows variable returns the total number of rows in the table. Once I have totalRows, I calculate the total number of pages that will be used for this GridView. The total number of pages is calculated by using a small helper function:

private int CalculateTotalPages(double totalRows)
{
    int totalPages = (int)  Math.Ceiling(totalRows / PAGE_SIZE);

    return totalPages; 
}

At the end of the BindData method, there are some conditional checks which ensure that the Next and Previous buttons are only displayed when applicable.

Attaching the Events to the Buttons

The final thing that is left is to attach the events to the Button controls. Check out the following code in which I created two Button controls.

<asp:Button ID="Btn_Previous" CommandName="Previous" 
            runat="server" OnCommand="ChangePage" 
            Text="Previous" />
<asp:Button ID="Btn_Next" runat="server" CommandName="Next" 
            OnCommand="ChangePage" Text="Next" />

Both the buttons call the ChangePage event which is shown below:

// This method will handle the navigation/ paging index
protected void ChangePage(object sender, CommandEventArgs e)
{
    
    switch (e.CommandName)
    {
        case "Previous":
            currentPageNumber = Int32.Parse(lblCurrentPage.Text) - 1;
            break; 

        case "Next":
            currentPageNumber = Int32.Parse(lblCurrentPage.Text) + 1; 
            break; 
    }

    BindData();
}

The ChangePage event is used to change the page number of the GridView and also to update the Label text by calling the BindData method.

License

This article has no explicit license attached to it but may contain usage terms in the article text or the download files themselves. If in doubt please contact the author via the discussion board below.

A list of licenses authors might use can be found here

About the Author

azamsharp
Web Developer
United States United States
I am the founder of knowledge base website, HighOnCoding, GridViewGuy, RefactorCode.com and ScreencastADay.com.
 
HighOnCoding is a website which will get you high legally with useful information. There are tons of articles, videos and podcasts hosted on HighOnCoding.
 
HighOnCoding.com www.HighOnCoding.com
 

My Blog:

Blog

 

Buy my iPhone app ABC Pop

Comments and Discussions

 
GeneralMy vote of 4 PinmemberMuhammad Umar Lahore13-May-12 23:38 

General General    News News    Suggestion Suggestion    Question Question    Bug Bug    Answer Answer    Joke Joke    Rant Rant    Admin Admin   

Use Ctrl+Left/Right to switch messages, Ctrl+Up/Down to switch threads, Ctrl+Shift+Left/Right to switch pages.

| Advertise | Privacy | Mobile
Web02 | 2.8.140415.2 | Last Updated 3 Nov 2006
Article Copyright 2006 by azamsharp
Everything else Copyright © CodeProject, 1999-2014
Terms of Use
Layout: fixed | fluid