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Selecting / Deselecting all the CheckBoxes Inside a GridView

, 9 May 2008
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This article describes how to select and unselect all the checkboxes inside a GridView control.

Preview.gif

Introduction

I am going to present here a functionality that selects / deselects all checkboxes of a particular column inside a GridView control, provided the header checkbox of that column is checked or unchecked using JavaScript. This functionality also has a feature that when all checkboxes of a particular column inside the GridView are checked, then the header checkbox gets checked, and vice versa.

Using the code

I have used a TemplateField inside the GridView and put a CheckBox in the ItemTemplate as well as another CheckBox in the HeaderTemplate of the TemplateField.

The HTML code looks like this:

<asp:GridView ID="gvCheckboxes" runat="server" 
              AutoGenerateColumns="False" OnRowCreated="gvCheckboxes_RowCreated">
   <Columns>
      <asp:BoundField HeaderText="S.N." DataField="sno">
         <HeaderStyle HorizontalAlign="Center" VerticalAlign="Middle" Width="50px" />
         <ItemStyle HorizontalAlign="Center" VerticalAlign="Middle" Width="50px" />
      </asp:BoundField>
      <asp:TemplateField HeaderText="Select">
         <ItemTemplate>
            <asp:CheckBox ID="chkBxSelect" runat="server" />
         </ItemTemplate>
         <HeaderStyle HorizontalAlign="Center" VerticalAlign="Middle" Width="50px" />
         <ItemStyle HorizontalAlign="Center" VerticalAlign="Middle" Width="50px" />
         <HeaderTemplate>
            <asp:CheckBox ID="chkBxHeader" 
                 onclick="javascript:HeaderClick(this);" runat="server" />
         </HeaderTemplate>
      </asp:TemplateField>
      <asp:TemplateField>
         <ItemTemplate>
            <asp:CheckBox ID="chkBx" runat="server" />
         </ItemTemplate>
         <ItemStyle HorizontalAlign="Center" VerticalAlign="Middle" Width="50px" />
      </asp:TemplateField>
   </Columns>
   <RowStyle BackColor="Moccasin" />
   <AlternatingRowStyle BackColor="NavajoWhite" />
   <HeaderStyle BackColor="DarkOrange" Font-Bold="true" ForeColor="white" />
</asp:GridView>

Attach a client-side onclick event on the header checkbox [chkBxHeader].

<asp:CheckBox ID="chkBxHeader" onclick="javascript:HeaderClick(this);" runat="server" /> 

Put the following code in the GridView's RowCreated event:

if (e.Row.RowType == DataControlRowType.DataRow && 
   (e.Row.RowState == DataControlRowState.Normal ||
    e.Row.RowState == DataControlRowState.Alternate))
{
   CheckBox chkBxSelect = (CheckBox)e.Row.Cells[1].FindControl("chkBxSelect");
   CheckBox chkBxHeader = (CheckBox)this.gvCheckboxes.HeaderRow.FindControl("chkBxHeader");
   chkBxSelect.Attributes["onclick"] = string.Format
                                          (
                                             "javascript:ChildClick(this,'{0}');",
                                             chkBxHeader.ClientID
                                          );
}

In the above code, a client side onclick event has been attached to the child checkbox [chkBxChild].

Add this JavaScript in the page’s head section:

<script type="text/javascript">
var TotalChkBx;
var Counter;

window.onload = function()
{
   //Get total no. of CheckBoxes in side the GridView.
   TotalChkBx = parseInt('<%= this.gvCheckboxes.Rows.Count %>');

   //Get total no. of checked CheckBoxes in side the GridView.
   Counter = 0;
}

function HeaderClick(CheckBox)
{
   //Get target base & child control.
   var TargetBaseControl = 
       document.getElementById('<%= this.gvCheckboxes.ClientID %>');
   var TargetChildControl = "chkBxSelect";

   //Get all the control of the type INPUT in the base control.
   var Inputs = TargetBaseControl.getElementsByTagName("input");

   //Checked/Unchecked all the checkBoxes in side the GridView.
   for(var n = 0; n < Inputs.length; ++n)
      if(Inputs[n].type == 'checkbox' && 
                Inputs[n].id.indexOf(TargetChildControl,0) >= 0)
         Inputs[n].checked = CheckBox.checked;

   //Reset Counter
   Counter = CheckBox.checked ? TotalChkBx : 0;
}

function ChildClick(CheckBox, HCheckBox)
{
   //get target control.
   var HeaderCheckBox = document.getElementById(HCheckBox);

   //Modifiy Counter; 
   if(CheckBox.checked && Counter < TotalChkBx)
      Counter++;
   else if(Counter > 0) 
      Counter--;

   //Change state of the header CheckBox.
   if(Counter < TotalChkBx)
      HeaderCheckBox.checked = false;
   else if(Counter == TotalChkBx)
      HeaderCheckBox.checked = true;
}
</script>

In the above script, there are two global variables: TotalChkBx and Counter. These are initialised in the window.onload event. There are two methods: HeaderClick and ChildClick. The method HeaderClick checks / unchecks all checkboxes of a particular column inside the GridView depending upon whether the header checkbox is checked or unchecked. The method ChildClick checks / unchecks the header checkbox depending upon whether all checkboxes of a particular column inside the GridView are checked or unchecked.

Just download the sample application and enjoy coding! I hope you will like this article.

Supported browsers

I have tested this script on the following browsers:

Browsers.png

License

This article, along with any associated source code and files, is licensed under The Code Project Open License (CPOL)

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About the Author

Samir NIGAM
Technical Lead Infogain India Pvt Ltd
India India

Samir NIGAM is a Microsoft Certified Professional. He is an insightful IT professional with results-driven comprehensive technical skill having rich, hands-on work experience n web-based applications using ASP.NET, C#, AJAX, Web Service, WCF, jQuery, Microsoft Enterprise Library , LINQ, MS Entity Framework, nHibernate, MS SQL Server & SSRS.

He has earned his master degree (MCA) from U.P. Technical University, Lucknow, INDIA, his post graduate dipoma (PGDCA ) from Institute of Engineering and Rural Technology, Allahabad, INDIA and his bachelor degree (BSc - Mathematics) from University of Allahabad, Allahabad, INDIA.

He has good knowledge of Object Oriented Programming, n-Tier Architecture, SOLID Principle, and Algorithm Analysis & Design as well as good command over cross-browser client side programming using JavaScript & jQuery,.

Awards:


Comments and Discussions

 
GeneralMy vote of 5 PinmemberThrinath reddy25-Feb-11 0:28 

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