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Live Log Viewer

, 5 Dec 2014 CPOL
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Monitors log files and displays text as it is appended to the file


As a member of an IT Helpdesk team, I am constantly trawling through logs trying to find out "what went wrong?" This is especially time-consuming when troubleshooting issues with Windows Services and background applications. With some applications and services producing large (50MB+) log files, I often find myself moving or renaming the old log files so I can get a small, easy-to-read file that displays the most recent entries since the service/application was restarted.

This tool eliminates these problems by monitoring the file and displaying any text that is written to it on-the-fly. It uses a custom WinForms TabPage control, called LogTabPage with a nested LogWatcher class that inherits FileSystemWatcher. The FileSystemWatcher class provides the functions for monitoring the file for changes and I simply use a FileStream/StreamReader combination to read the text and append it to a TextBox.

LogTabPage Class

The LogTabPage class is a custom TabPage that contains a single RichTextBox and a nested LogWatcher class to monitor the log file. It contains code for creating the LogWatcher and appending text to the RichTextBox.

class LogTabPage : TabPage
       //The textbox where the log will be displayed
       internal RichTextBox TextBox = new RichTextBox();
       //The LogWatcher that monitors the file
       internal LogWatcher Watcher;

       //Constructor for the LogTabPage
       public LogTabPage(string FileName, string Suffix)
           //Display the filename on the Tab
           this.Text = Path.GetFileName(string.Format("{0} {1}", FileName, Suffix));

           //Configure the TextBox
           TextBox.Dock = DockStyle.Fill;
           TextBox.BackColor = Color.White;
           TextBox.ReadOnly = true;

           //Add the TextBox to the LogTabPage

           //Create the LogWatcher

       private void CreateWatcher(string FileName)
           Watcher = new LogWatcher(FileName);

           //Set the directory of the file to monitor
           Watcher.Path = Path.GetDirectoryName(FileName);

           //Raise events when the LastWrite or Size attribute is changed
           Watcher.NotifyFilter = (NotifyFilters.LastWrite | NotifyFilters.Size);

           //Filter out events for only this file
           Watcher.Filter = Path.GetFileName(FileName);

           //Subscribe to the event
           Watcher.TextChanged += new LogWatcher.LogWatcherEventHandler(Watcher_Changed);

           //Enable the event
           Watcher.EnableRaisingEvents = true;

       //Occurs when the file is changed
       void Watcher_Changed(object sender, LogWatcherEventArgs e)
           //Invoke the AppendText method if required
           if (TextBox.InvokeRequired) this.Invoke(new Action(delegate() { AppendText(e.Contents); }));
           else AppendText(e.Contents);

       private void AppendText(string Text)
           //Append the new text to the TextBox
           TextBox.Text += Text;

           //If the Frozen function isn't enabled then scroll to the bottom of the TextBox
           if (!MainForm.Frozen)
               TextBox.SelectionStart = TextBox.Text.Length;
               TextBox.SelectionLength = 0;

LogWatcher Class

The LogWatcher class is an extension of the FileSystemWatcher class that includes methods for reading the text from the file and an event for when the text is changed.

internal class LogWatcher : FileSystemWatcher
       //The name of the file to monitor
       internal string FileName;

       //The FileStream for reading the text from the file
       FileStream Stream;
       //The StreamReader for reading the text from the FileStream
       StreamReader Reader;

       //Constructor for the LogWatcher class
       public LogWatcher(string FileName)
           //Subscribe to the Changed event of the base FileSystemWatcher class
           this.Changed += OnChanged;

           //Set the filename of the file to watch
           this.FileName = FileName;

           //Create the FileStream and StreamReader object for the file
           Stream = new System.IO.FileStream
               (FileName,FileMode.Open, FileAccess.Read, FileShare.ReadWrite);
           Reader = new System.IO.StreamReader(Stream);

           //Set the position of the stream to the end of the file
           Stream.Position =  Stream.Length;

       //Occurs when the file is changed
       public void OnChanged(object o, FileSystemEventArgs e)
           //Read the new text from the file
           string Contents = Reader.ReadToEnd();

           //Fire the TextChanged event
           LogWatcherEventArgs args = new LogWatcherEventArgs(Contents);
           if (TextChanged != null) TextChanged(this, args);

       public delegate void LogWatcherEventHandler(object sender, LogWatcherEventArgs e);

       //Event that is fired when the file is changed
       public event LogWatcherEventHandler TextChanged;


I originally created the application in VB.NET with little knowledge of .NET. I have since re-written it in C#.

Update: An updated version (4.0) is now available. Extra features include support for different Encodings and Fonts as requested. Links have been provided to both the executable and the source. This is a major rewrite using C# and WPF. The code in version 4.0 is very different to the code posted in the tip.


This article, along with any associated source code and files, is licensed under The Code Project Open License (CPOL)


About the Author

Alex Wiese
Help desk / Support
Australia Australia
No Biography provided

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Comments and Discussions

QuestionRotating logs Pin
Moyo3148-Sep-15 22:36
memberMoyo3148-Sep-15 22:36 
QuestionIs the timer values different in the EXE from the Source code? Pin
solutionsville28-Aug-15 9:58
membersolutionsville28-Aug-15 9:58 
QuestionEnhancements Pin
sam.hill4-Feb-15 12:10
membersam.hill4-Feb-15 12:10 
SuggestionClear file button and Initial file read Pin
Pratik Gaikwad19-Dec-14 7:02
memberPratik Gaikwad19-Dec-14 7:02 
Questioncannot import livelogviewer.pfx Pin
Member 1116492314-Nov-14 14:16
memberMember 1116492314-Nov-14 14:16 
AnswerRe: cannot import livelogviewer.pfx Pin
Alex Wiese4-Dec-14 13:59
memberAlex Wiese4-Dec-14 13:59 
SuggestionFile encoding Pin
Member 1111134625-Sep-14 23:53
memberMember 1111134625-Sep-14 23:53 
GeneralRe: File encoding Pin
Alex Wiese2-Nov-14 19:55
memberAlex Wiese2-Nov-14 19:55 
QuestionAlternative Pin
Sarafian23-Apr-12 21:30
memberSarafian23-Apr-12 21:30 
QuestionFile System Watcher Pin
TheAlas23-Apr-12 5:35
memberTheAlas23-Apr-12 5:35 
AnswerRe: File System Watcher Pin
Bassam Saoud23-Apr-12 7:45
memberBassam Saoud23-Apr-12 7:45 
GeneralRe: File System Watcher Pin
Alex Wiese23-Apr-12 19:01
memberAlex Wiese23-Apr-12 19:01 

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