This sample demonstrates using the new MFC7
CDHtmlDialog class. A
dialog with a simple HTML page is created and displayed, and events
from objects within that page are handled, and the HTML within the
page modified dynamically to respond to these events.
Please note that you need the new MFC libraries to compile this application.
I have statically linked the demo application so you can at least see the new
class in action.
Creating the Application
The sample application is based on the MFC AppWizard. To create the
project, use the wizard to create a standard MFC dialog and in the
Application Type property page ensure that you choose dialog
based, and check the Use HTML dialog. An application will be
created with the main dialog derived from
CDHtmlDialog. A resource
containing a HTML page will also be created, and it's this page
that will be displayed in the dialog at execution.
The HTML designer in Visual Studio allows you to edit the HTML. Each
element on the HTML should be given an ID so that it can be accessed
from within your
CDHtmlDialog derived class.
HTML Element events
To catch events fired by HTML elements (such as mouse clicks on buttons)
you must add an entry to the dialog's DHTML event map. This is analogous
to adding message handlers for normal windows controls:
Our HTML page contains 2 buttons (OK, with ID
ButtonOK and Cancel, with ID
ButtonCancel) and a checkbox (ID
CheckLink). We will use the checkbox
to enable/disable a hyperlink element (ID
LinkCP) on the same page.
The DHTML event map shown above associates click events for the buttons
and check boxes with member functions of the dialog. The OK and Cancel
button handlers simply call base class members that close the dialog. The
OnCheckClick handler is called when the checkbox in the HTML page is clicked.
To make the check box determine the state of the hyperlink we catch the click
event for the checkbox and replace the outer HTML of the hyperlink (the outer
HTML is the HTML within the hyperlink plus the open and closing tags). For
a non-active state we replace the out HTML with plain text, and for an active
state we insert the
<a href=...> tag.
Our click event handler function looks like the following. We use a member
variable m_LinkActive to keep track of the state of the link.
HRESULT CDHTMLDialogDlg::OnCheckClick(IHTMLElement* pElement)
m_LinkActive = !m_LinkActive;
IHTMLElement* pLinkElement = NULL;
if (GetElement(_T("LinkCP"), &pLinkElement) == S_OK &&
pLinkElement != NULL)
pLinkElement->put_outerHTML(_bstr_t("<a ID=LinkCP target=_blank href='http://www.codeproject.com'>here</a>"));
pLinkElement->put_outerHTML(_bstr_t("<font ID=LinkCP color='#COCOCO'>here</font>"));
Chris is the Co-founder, Administrator, Architect, Chief Editor and Shameless Hack who wrote and runs The Code Project. He's been programming since 1988 while pretending to be, in various guises, an astrophysicist, mathematician, physicist, hydrologist, geomorphologist, defence intelligence researcher and then, when all that got a bit rough on the nerves, a web developer. He is a Microsoft Visual C++ MVP both globally and for Canada locally.
His programming experience includes C/C++, C#, SQL, MFC, ASP, ASP.NET, and far, far too much FORTRAN. He has worked on PocketPCs, AIX mainframes, Sun workstations, and a CRAY YMP C90 behemoth but finds notebooks take up less desk space.
He dodges, he weaves, and he never gets enough sleep. He is kind to small animals.
Chris was born and bred in Australia but splits his time between Toronto and Melbourne, depending on the weather. For relaxation he is into road cycling, snowboarding, rock climbing, and storm chasing.