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CWnd/WTL based HTML List Control with different row heights

By , 2 May 2006
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Introduction

As a shareware developer I use a lot of custom controls and stuff to make the application pretty as well as useful. For my last project, I had to build a list control with all sorts of funky stuff happening in the list items and I thought it would be nice to have a list control that could render the individual item's text in HTML.

As we know the changing of row height in CListCtrl is a real pain, funny methods like using large fonts and stuff exist but they are not pretty and largely of no use to me, so I decided to write the whole thing from scratch.

Using CHTMLListCtrl is very easy just include the required headers and call Create when you want to create it (typically in OnInitdialog).

In the .h file declare a variable:

CHTMLListCtrl m_list;

In the .cpp file:

//Dimentions for the list ctrl
CRect rcList(10,10,400,400);
m_list.Create(this,rcList,123/*Control Id*/); 

//Add imagelist if we want to display images
m_ImageList.Create(16,16,ILC_COLOR24|ILC_MASK,4,4);
m_ImageList.Add(AfxGetApp()->LoadIcon(IDI_ICON_TEST));
m_ImageList.Add(AfxGetApp()->LoadIcon(IDR_MAINFRAME));

m_list.SetImageList(&m_ImageList);

To insert items in the ListCtrl, use the InsertItem function. It takes a few arguments:

int InsertItem(CString sText,UINT uiImage,
                int nStyle=HTML_TEXT,int nHeight=AUTO);
  • sText: The item text (it can be a simple text or a text with HTML tags depending on the nStyle parameter).
  • uiImage: The image number (if an ImageList has been attached, otherwise 0).
  • nStyle: You can specify HTML_TEXT, NORMAL_TEXT and SINGLE_LINE_TEXT (SINGLE_LINE_TEXT will end in ellipses if the text too long).
  • nHeight: You can specify the height of this row or CHTMLListCtrl will calculate it for you.

An example of InsertItem:

CString sText = 
   "<font color=#ff0000><b>Red Bold Font are scary</b></font>";
m_list.InsertItem(sText,0,HTML_TEXT);

To further customize the control's behaviour, you can use the SetExtendedStyle function:

m_list.SetExtendedStyle(HTMLLIST_STYLE_GRIDLINES|
         HTMLLIST_STYLE_CHECKBOX|HTMLLIST_STYLE_IMAGES);
  • HTMLLIST_STYLE_GRIDLINES: Shows/hides gray lines between the items.
  • HTMLLIST_STYLE_CHECKBOX: Adds checkboxes to the items.
  • HTMLLIST_STYLE_IMAGES: Adds images to the items (you have to set an ImageList through the SetImageList function for this to work).

To receive events, you need to handle the WM_NOTIFY Windows message. CHTMLListCtrl supports the following events:

  • HTMLLIST_SELECTIONCHANGED: Fired when list selection changes.
  • HTMLLIST_LBUTTONDOWN: Fired when the left mouse button is down.
  • HTMLLIST_RBUTTONDOWN: Fired when the right mouse button is down.
  • HTMLLIST_LBUTTONDBLCLICK: Fired when the control is double clicked.
  • HTMLLIST_ITEMCHECKED: Fired when the check box state changes.

You will not be able to use the class wizard to handle these events, you will have to manually add the entry in the message map.

In the message map write the following:

BEGIN_MESSAGE_MAP(CMyDlg, CDialog)
   //{{AFX_MSG_MAP(CMyDlg)
   .
   .
   ON_NOTIFY(HTMLLIST_SELECTIONCHANGED,
         123/*list id*/,OnHTMLList_SelChanged)
END_MESSAGE_MAP()

Now add the function:

void CMyDlg::OnHTMLList_SelectionChanged(NMHDR* pNMHDR, 
                                               LRESULT*)
{
    NM_HTMLLISTCTRL *pListNMHDr = 
                  (NM_HTMLLISTCTRL*) pNMHDR;
    if(pListNMHDr->nItemNo != NONE_SELECTED)
    { 
       MessageBox(pListNMHDr->sItemText);
    }
}

Extending the control's functionality

The DrawItem function is implemented as a virtual function, so users can derive from CHTMLListCtrl and draw their own items, for example:

class CMyHTMLListCtrl : public CHTMLListCtrl 
{
public:
   void DrawItem(CDC *pDC,CRect rcItem,
          HTMLLIST_ITEM *pItem,BOOL bSelected)
   {
      //Draw individual items yourself
      ......
   }
}

Credits

The HTML rendering code is taken from Ukkie9's excellent article.

The following points are taken from Ukkie9's article:

  • The only supported tags are <p>, <br>, <font>..</font>, <b>..</b>, <i>..</i>, <u>..</u>, <strong>..</strong>, <em>..</em>, <sub>..</sub> and <sup>..</sup>. The tags <strong>..</strong> are equivalent to <b>..</b>, and <em>..</em> map to <i>..</i>.
  • The <font> tag is used only for changing the text color. It is also the only tag that can take a parameter, and this parameter should be "color" with a value in the well known HTML hexadecimal notation. For example, "<font color='#ffff00'>".
  • With the exception of tags that take parameters (currently, only the <font> tag), there can be no spaces in the tags; <p> is okay, but <p align='right'> will be considered as two words "<p" and "align='right'>". That's right: when DrawHTML() considers that something is not a valid HTML tag, it prints it as a word.
  • Special characters like < and à are not supported, you must type in the correct characters. That is, you can just use the characters "à" and "&" in the text, and "<" too.

CHTMLListCtrl also uses the CMemDC written by Keith Rules, which can be downloaded from here (it is also included in the zip files above).

History

  • 26th April, 2006
    • CalculateItemHeight bug fixed.
    • WTL version added (thanks to Ernest Laurentin).
    • SetCursor bug fixed.
    • Resizing bug fixed.
  • 23rd March, 2006
    • CFont handle released in OnDestroy.
    • Invalidate(FALSE); added in OnSize.
    • GetItemCount function added (DUH).
  • 17th March, 2006
    • Initial release.

License

This article, along with any associated source code and files, is licensed under The Code Project Open License (CPOL)

About the Author

Monty2
Web Developer
India India
Programming Since the the Dreaded 286 Assembly Days
 
currently MFC and ATL NUT
 

Don't take life seriously because you can't come out of it alive.
-Warren Miller

Comments and Discussions

 
Questiondinamic update items in HtmlListCtrl.display items one by one must show in control Pinmembersunil.m12324-Nov-11 1:38 
QuestionHICON memory leak Pinmembersunil.m12316-Sep-11 20:56 
QuestionClistctrl related Pinmemberdecoder_8523-Nov-10 0:43 
GeneralSome code update (small bug found) [modified] PinmemberVaKa3-Dec-09 10:10 
Questionhow to multi select items use ctrl and left mouse button Pinmemberbunpkin6-Sep-09 4:09 
AnswerRe: how to multi select items use ctrl and left mouse button Pinmemberbunpkin6-Sep-09 7:12 
Generalicon and picture Pinmembersapna_ds16-Jun-09 0:41 
GeneralClear selection when clicking on a whitespac PinmemberMichael A. Rusakov23-Apr-09 2:08 
GeneralGreat work! Plus mods. PinmemberJustinDOliver22-Sep-08 10:23 
GeneralRe: Great work! Plus mods. PinmemberMonty222-Sep-08 15:55 
QuestionHow to create this control with C# 2005? Pinmemberminhvc6-Mar-08 17:01 
GeneralRe: How to create this control with C# 2005? PinmemberMonty26-Mar-08 19:00 
Questionneed help on getting item height of DBCS string PinmemberCookie FJ7-Jan-08 17:05 
GeneralMemory Leak PinmemberHalloko20-Sep-07 14:09 
GeneralControl updated [modified] PinmemberVincent_RICHOMME10-Sep-07 3:24 
Generalexcellent work one question Pinmemberlilesh12-Jul-07 2:33 
GeneralRe: excellent work one question PinmemberMonty213-Jul-07 21:23 
GeneralVery Impressive Pinmemberthready18-Jun-07 13:30 

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