This article shows how easy it is to create your own custom search engine using ASP.NET and Google Co-op’s Custom Search Engine feature.
Creating Your Search Engine
The very first step you must take is to visit http://www.google.com/coop/cse. (Note that you must have a Google Account. If you don’t have one, ask around. GMail invites are a dime a dozen these days.) Once there, follow the instructions to create your custom search engine.
For this article, I used the following settings:
Sites to Search
|Sites to search:
|How to search these sites:
||Search only these sites.
Collaborate with others
|Who can collaborate:
||Only people I invite may contribute to this search engine.
Where to Host the Custom Search Engine
You have two options on how you can display your search engine to users: Google can host it for you, or you can host the search box and results on your site. For this article, I opted for the latter.
To configure this option:
- Return to the Google Co-op Custom Search Engine site’s home page (http://www.google.com/coop/cse).
- Click on the My Search Engines link.
- When the list of your custom search engines shows up, click on the link that says “Control Panel”.
- Next, click on the link that says “Code”.
- Select the radio button next to the option that says “Host a search box and search results on your own site…”.
- Also, specify the URL of the page on your site where you want the search results to appear.
- Finally, after you select the location where you want to display the AdSense ads in your search results, click the Save Changes button.
Search Box Code and Search Results Code
Using the Google-generated Search Box Code Outside of the Server-side FORM Tag
You can use the search box code generated by Google, provided you place it outside of your web form’s server-side
FORM tag. I tested this locally, and it worked beautifully. However, I’m sure I’m not alone in wanting the ability to put the search box somewhere inside the server-side
FORM tag and still have my custom search engine operate correctly.
Using ASP.NET Server Controls and HtmlControls to Emulate Google's Search Box Inside the Server-side FORM Tag
I solved this problem by using ASP.NET server controls and
HtmlControls to emulate the behavior of Google’s search box form, while still providing the server-side capabilities that we all know and love.
<form id="searchbox_014373149466545347614:dygl7dqicp4" action="Default.aspx">
<input type="hidden" name="cx" value="014373149466545347614:dygl7dqicp4" />
<input name="q" type="text" size="40" />
<input type="submit" name="sa" value="Search" />
<input type="hidden" name="cof" value="FORID:9" />
You’ll need four ASP.NET controls to mimic the functionality of this form:
HiddenField control to mimic
TextBox control to mimic
HiddenField control to mimic
Button control to mimic
I also added a
RequiredFieldValidator to prevent postbacks from happening when the user tries to submit the search query with an empty
Here are the control declarations from the ASPX file:
<asp:TextBox ID="q" MaxLength="512" Width="275px" AutoPostBack="false" runat="server" />
<asp:Button ID="_btnSearch" Text="Google Search"
OnClick="_btnSearch_Click" runat="server" />
<asp:RequiredFieldValidator ID="_rfvQ" ControlToValidate="q" runat="server" />
<asp:HiddenField ID="cx" Value="014373149466545347614:dygl7dqicp4" runat="server" />
<asp:HiddenField ID="cof" Value="FORID:9" runat="server" />
The “dummyHidden” Input Control
You’ll notice in the ASPX page that there is a plain HTML input control called
dummyHidden that is never visible to the user. This is necessary in order to force the search button’s
Click event to fire on the server side when the search text box has focus and the user hits the Enter key. This only works when there are two or more text boxes in the form. Based on my research, this appears to be an Internet Explorer-specific problem, and it was the only available workaround I could find. If you have a better solution, please let me know.
Finally, you’ll need to copy the
SCRIPT include and place it somewhere in your ASPX page.
The Search Results
var googleSearchIframeName = "results_014373149466545347614:dygl7dqicp4";
var googleSearchFormName = "searchbox_014373149466545347614:dygl7dqicp4";
var googleSearchFrameWidth = 600;
var googleSearchFrameborder = 0;
var googleSearchDomain = "www.google.com";
var googleSearchPath = "/cse";
This is where the magic happens. Mercifully, Google uses the GET method to send form data, so we merely need to append our search parameters to the query string and redirect the user to the search results page. For this article, that means simply redirecting the user back to the same page, though the results could easily be displayed on a separate physical page.
The search query from the
TextBox and the
HiddenField values are all needed in the query string. See the code below:
protected void _btnSearch_Click (Object sender, EventArgs e)
HttpUtility.UrlEncode (SanitizeUserInput (q.Text.Trim ())),
Important: Be sure to take the time to sanitize and URL-encode the user’s input. I have provided a basic function for doing so, but it is your responsibility to ensure that your applications are safe.
The last bit of code is in the page’s
Load event handler. All it does is look for the querystring parameter
q, and if it exists, it puts that value in the
q so that the user can see the term for which they last searched. Note that this only happens when the request is not a postback. Because of the redirect, we can’t use ViewState to keep track of the last search term.
Again: Remember to sanitize all user input. Your application’s safety is your responsibility!
protected void Page_Load (Object sender, EventArgs e)
String query = Request.QueryString["q"];
if (!String.IsNullOrEmpty (query))
q.Text = SanitizeUserInput (HttpUtility.UrlDecode (query.Trim ()));
Well, there you have it. With one simple ASP.NET form, we have created a custom search engine that searches only pages on The Code Project. Google Co-op has done an extraordinary job in making this such a simple task for us end users.
- 2006-10-27: Initial release.