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Generic Sorting with LINQ and Lambda Expressions

, 24 Jun 2009
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This class sorts objects using Generics and LINQ Lambda Expressions.

Introduction

Sorting objects has been a programming problem that has gone from a science to a mere few lines of code. Though it does not take nearly the amount of consideration as it did before my time in the industry, it's still just as relevant. This article takes a look at sorting using Lambda Expressions and Generics. In my opinion, the best technique for sorting objects that I have seen so far. This class has found a definite home in my Utils assembly, and so I share it with you.

Background

As programmers, it is always our duty, and pleasure, to find better ways to the same thing. That is how I stumbled on this sorting technique. I was working on a project that had several grids that required paging and sorting, and like many projects, we were using an object model. I was thinking that I wanted a generic sorting class that did all the work in one place, and this article shares the results.

Using the code

These samples have been dumped down a little from my actual implementation to improve readability for the purposes of this article. After reviewing this code though, I am confident that you will be able to think of several slick uses for this technique like I have.

Usage of the sorting class

C#:

GenericSorter<surveystateformatdata> gs = new GenericSorter<surveystateformatdata >();
SurveyStateFormatItems = gs.Sort(SurveyStateFormatItems.AsQueryable, 
                                 sortExpression, sortDirection).ToArray();

VB.NET:

Dim gs As New GenericSorter(Of SurveyStateFormatData)
SurveyStateFormatItems = gs.Sort(SurveyStateFormatItems.AsQueryable, _
                                 sortExpression, sortDirection).ToArray()

Here is the sorting class:

C#:

using System; 
using System.Collections.Generic; 
using System.Linq; 
using System.Linq.Expressions; 


public class GenericSorter<T>
{
    public IEnumerable<T> Sort(IEnumerable<T> source, string sortBy, string sortDirection)
    {
        var param = Expression.Parameter(typeof(T), "item");

        var sortExpression = Expression.Lambda<Func<T, object>>
            (Expression.Convert(Expression.Property(param, sortBy), typeof(object)), param);

        switch (sortDirection.ToLower())
        {
            case "asc":
                return source.AsQueryable<T>().OrderBy<T, object>(sortExpression);
            default:
                return source.AsQueryable<T>().OrderByDescending<T, object>(sortExpression);

        } 
    }
}

VB.NET:

Imports System
Imports System.Collections.Generic
Imports System.Linq
Imports System.Linq.Expressions

Public Class GenericSorter(Of T)

    Public Function Sort(ByVal source As IEnumerable(Of T), _
                         ByVal sortBy As String, _
                         ByVal sortDirection As String) As IEnumerable(Of T)

        Dim param = Expression.Parameter(GetType(T), "item")

        Dim sortExpression = Expression.Lambda(Of Func(Of T, Object))_
        (Expression.Convert(Expression.[Property](param, sortBy), _
        GetType(Object)), param)

        Select Case sortDirection.ToLower
            Case "asc"
                Return source.AsQueryable().OrderBy(sortExpression)
            Case Else
                Return source.AsQueryable().OrderByDescending(sortExpression)
        End Select

    End Function

End Class

History

  • Article added: (06/22/2009).

License

This article, along with any associated source code and files, is licensed under The Code Project Open License (CPOL)

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About the Author

AdamNThompson
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United States United States
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Comments and Discussions

 
GeneralUpdated to Extension Method PinmemberNipesh Shah12-Mar-14 4:44 
QuestionKeep getting exception PinmemberDingHaobo5-Mar-14 3:17 
QuestionHow to sort a Collection base on a given dynamic sort field string list PinmemberMember 412087022-Nov-12 15:18 
Dear Adam
Could you please help me to solve my problem that I have a screen which allow user choose a list of sort fields and for each field user also choose it descending or increasing
To do that feature, I try to code a function like this:
 
public IEmumerable Sort (IEnumerable unsortCollection, string[] sortField, int[] direction)
{
.....
}
 
But I don't know how to do it
 
Could you please so me the way to do
 
Many thanks
AnswerRe: How to sort a Collection base on a given dynamic sort field string list PinmemberAdamNThompson3-Dec-12 4:05 
QuestionPerformance Pinmemberrickoshay29-Jun-09 9:39 
AnswerRe: Performance PinmemberAdamNThompson30-Jun-09 8:27 
GeneralThis is a neat concept, but example does not compile. PinmemberMichael Lee Yohe23-Jun-09 9:21 
GeneralRe: This is a neat concept, but example does not compile. PinmemberAdamNThompson23-Jun-09 11:20 
GeneralFigured it out with some modifications to the C# version: PinmemberMichael Lee Yohe23-Jun-09 11:43 
GeneralRe: Figured it out with some modifications to the C# version: PinmemberAdamNThompson23-Jun-09 12:01 
GeneralRe: Figured it out with some modifications to the C# version: PinmemberMichael Lee Yohe24-Jun-09 4:45 
GeneralRe: Figured it out with some modifications to the C# version: Pinmemberrxm020325-Jun-09 7:07 
GeneralRe: Figured it out with some modifications to the C# version: [modified] PinmemberSchmuli30-Jun-09 0:14 
GeneralRe: Figured it out with some modifications to the C# version: PinmemberSchmuli30-Jun-09 0:55 
GeneralRe: Figured it out with some modifications to the C# version: PinmemberAdamNThompson30-Jun-09 8:37 
GeneralRe: Figured it out with some modifications to the C# version: Pinmemberpavilp15-Jun-10 2:03 
GeneralRe: Figured it out with some modifications to the C# version: PinmemberAdamNThompson21-Jun-10 6:41 
GeneralRe: Figured it out with some modifications to the C# version: Pinmembercakewalkr715-Apr-11 5:45 
GeneralRe: This is a neat concept, but example does not compile. PinmemberAdamNThompson23-Jun-09 11:49 

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