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RegistryMonitor - a .NET wrapper class for RegNotifyChangeKeyValue

, 16 Jan 2006
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The Windows API provides a function RegNotifyChangeKeyValue, which is not covered by the Microsoft.Win32.RegistryKey class. This solution imports that function and encapsulates it in a convenient manner.

Sample Image - RegistryMonitor.png

Introduction

The Windows API provides a function RegNotifyChangeKeyValue, which notifies the caller about changes to attributes or the content of a specified registry key. Unfortunately, this function is not provided by the Microsoft.Win32.RegistryKey class. Because I needed that functionality, I've written a simple wrapper class.

Usage

Instantiation

RegistryMonitor has three constructors, the parameter lists should be self-explanatory:

RegistryMonitor(RegistryKey registryKey)
RegistryMonitor(string name)
RegistryMonitor(RegistryHive registryHive, string subKey)

Events

RegistryMonitor supports two events:

public event EventHandler RegChanged;
public event ErrorEventHandler Error;

The RegChanged event is raised when the registry key specified during construction has changed. Error is raised when an exception occurs.

The latter event is necessary because the monitoring is hosted in a different thread.

Properties

RegistryMonitor has only one property:

public RegChangeNotifyFilter RegChangeNotifyFilter { get; set; }

RegChangeNotifyFilter is an enum. Since I don't want to repeat its implementation here in the article, I just want to say that it controls which kinds of registry changes will be detected, e.g. only key or value changes.

Methods

RegistryMonitor has two public methods which are declared as follows:

public void Start();
public void Stop();

I don't think that these methods require much explanation. The former creates a separate thread, which will monitor the registry, and the latter will stop that thread.

Example

Because a simple example will say more than a thousand words, here's a console sample monitoring HKCU\Environment (that's where the current user's environment variables are stored):

public class MonitorSample
{
    static void Main() 
    {
        RegistryMonitor monitor = new 
          RegistryMonitor(RegistryHive.CurrentUser, "Environment");
        monitor.RegChanged += new EventHandler(OnRegChanged);
        monitor.Start();
 
        while(true);
        
        monitor.Stop();
    }
         
    private void OnRegChanged(object sender, EventArgs e)
    {
        Console.WriteLine("registry key has changed");
    }
}

Provided with this article is another demo, which is a WinForms application (however, a VS.NET 2003 solution).

Points of interest

The first version of RegistryMonitor used reflection to retrieve the private hkey field of the Microsoft.Win32.RegistryKey class. However, Microsoft changed the internal implementation, so this hack didn't work anymore (see the comments below). Therefore I changed my implementation, so that RegistryMonitor now uses P/Invoke to open and close the registry key explicitly.

History

  • 08-Jul-2003 - Initial release.
  • 15-Jan-2005 - Updated to work for both .NET 1.1 and 2.0.

License

This article, along with any associated source code and files, is licensed under The Code Project Open License (CPOL)

About the Author

Thomas Freudenberg
Architect Pharmatechnik GmbH & Co. KG
Germany Germany
No Biography provided
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Comments and Discussions

 
Questionmuch appriciated, thanks Pinmembervdoser16-May-13 8:56 
Questiontnx PinmemberRohit Dubey from Hyderabad15-Mar-12 5:56 
QuestionGet the process causing the registry key change? PinmemberJon777777718-May-10 8:13 
AnswerRe: Get the process causing the registry key change? PinmemberJon777777718-May-10 9:25 
AnswerRe: Get the process causing the registry key change? PinmemberThomas Freudenberg18-May-10 21:33 
QuestionWindows 7??? Pinmemberpsmartt15-Apr-10 17:23 
AnswerRe: Windows 7??? Pinmemberpsmartt15-Apr-10 19:51 
QuestionNot Catching RegistryMonitor Events In Windows Service PinmemberSeeSharpCutsMe23-Sep-09 9:08 
AnswerRe: Not Catching RegistryMonitor Events In Windows Service PinmemberMartyn Bone12-Nov-09 0:31 
GeneralVery-Very Excellent Pinmembereg_Anubhava5-Aug-09 23:49 
GeneralRe: Very-Very Excellent PinmemberThomas Freudenberg6-Aug-09 1:06 
QuestionWin32Exception: The system cannot find the file specified PinmemberMember 316774814-May-09 6:35 
QuestionRe: Win32Exception: The system cannot find the file specified PinmemberThomas Freudenberg16-May-09 7:34 
GeneralThanks so much for this! PinmemberTeufel121216-Mar-09 13:02 
Smile | :) <EOM>
QuestionHOW TO: get changed key and value PinmemberJared James Sullivan13-Feb-09 20:17 
QuestionHow can I get the changed value and the type? Pinmemberpuyopuy3-Aug-08 19:51 
AnswerRe: How can I get the changed value and the type? PinmemberThomas Freudenberg3-Aug-08 20:28 
GeneralRe: How can I get the changed value and the type? Pinmemberpuyopuy7-Aug-08 1:57 
GeneralRe: How can I get the changed value and the type? PinmemberThomas Freudenberg7-Aug-08 2:52 
GeneralRe: How can I get the changed value and the type? Pinmemberpuyopuy7-Aug-08 15:03 
GeneralRe: How can I get the changed value and the type? Pinmembernipsonanomimata5-Sep-08 7:55 
AnswerRe: How can I get the changed value and the type? PinmemberThomas Freudenberg5-Sep-08 8:22 
GeneralOnRegChanged - Object Ref not set to instance PinmemberBergeir1-Jul-08 7:24 
QuestionMissing files? Pinmembertatowaki12-Feb-08 8:54 
AnswerRe: Missing files? PinmemberThomas Freudenberg12-Feb-08 9:54 
Generalthread issues [modified] PinmemberTheShaver20-Aug-07 0:10 
Questionused in .net 2005? PinmemberPaul Pang20-Jul-07 6:59 
AnswerRe: used in .net 2005? Pinmembereddewind9-Oct-07 18:15 
Generalmonitor more precisely PinmemberAlexandre GRANVAUD14-May-07 21:54 
AnswerRe: monitor more precisely PinmemberThomas Freudenberg15-May-07 4:55 
GeneralRe: monitor more precisely Pinmemberjgehman13-Jun-07 3:57 
AnswerRe: monitor more precisely PinmemberThomas Freudenberg13-Jun-07 4:04 
GeneralRe: monitor more precisely PinmemberN_Nguyen26-Nov-08 10:58 
GeneralAny way of knowing which process initiated the change Pinmemberdrinkwater11-Apr-07 17:44 
GeneralRe: Any way of knowing which process initiated the change PinmemberThomas Freudenberg15-Apr-07 21:43 
AnswerRe: Any way of knowing which process initiated the change PinmemberVivek_India6-Aug-09 23:54 
GeneralRe: Any way of knowing which process initiated the change [modified] PinmemberThomas Freudenberg7-Aug-09 0:15 
AnswerRe: Any way of knowing which process initiated the change PinmemberVivek_India9-Aug-09 22:39 
Question~(*|*)~How can I monitor Registry for a special process? Pinmemberbehnam_iut14-Dec-06 10:28 
AnswerRe: ~(*|*)~How can I monitor Registry for a special process? PinmemberThomas Freudenberg14-Dec-06 10:31 
GeneralProposal for Enhancements PinmemberLJEstrada25-Sep-06 5:19 
GeneralRe: Proposal for Enhancements PinmemberThomas Freudenberg27-Sep-06 11:40 
GeneralNot able to run multiple instances Pinmembersanzay mishra22-Sep-06 7:24 
GeneralRe: Not able to run multiple instances PinmemberThomas Freudenberg27-Sep-06 11:38 
GeneralRe: Not able to run multiple instances Pinmembersanzay mishra29-Sep-06 7:02 
GeneralDoesn't fire on Windows 2003 [modified] - it does(!!!) PinmemberMichael B. Hansen19-Jul-06 4:22 
GeneralRe: Doesn't fire on Windows 2003 PinmemberThomas Freudenberg19-Jul-06 5:13 
GeneralRe: Doesn't fire on Windows 2003 PinmemberThomas Freudenberg19-Jul-06 5:20 
GeneralRe: Doesn't fire on Windows 2003 PinmemberMichael B. Hansen20-Jul-06 20:55 
GeneralRe: Doesn't fire on Windows 2003 Pinmemberhost2828-Aug-07 21:43 

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