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Simultaneous Previewing & Video Capture using DirectShow

, 15 Apr 2004 CPOL 852.1K 16.3K 132
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A method for previewing and framegrabbing simultaniously from webcam using DirectShow.


This article explains a method to perform Previewing and Grabbing simultaneously from a webcam using DirectShow. Other than using the conventional ISampleGrabber interface, this application uses DirectShow VMR Filters & IPin Interfaces.


There are many solutions for capturing and previewing but a few combining both. I tried to make an application which serves this purpose using ISampleGrabber and IVideoWindow interfaces. It worked well on Windows 2000 but showed reluctance on XP.

DirectShow "Windowless Sample" (Windowless mode in the Video Mixing Renderer) gives the clue for capturing frames while previewing.

Using the code

I had created a class named CVMR_Capture. To use this class:

  • Insert the VMR_Capture.h and VMR_Capture.cpp files into your project.
  • Link strmiids.lib, quartz.lib in VC++ Project Settings.
  • Add a static control into your dialog resource.
  • Add a member variable for that static control.
  • Declare a member variable of CVMR_Capture.

The public interfaces provided are:

int EnumDevices(HWND hList);
HRESULT Init(int iDeviceID,HWND hWnd,int iWidth,int iHeight);
DWORD GetFrame(BYTE ** pFrame);
BOOL Pause();
DWORD ImageCapture(LPCTSTR szFile);
DWORD GrabFrame();
  • int EnumDevices(HWND hList); (Optional)

    Enumerates the available devices connected to the computer. HWND is the HANDLE to a combo box which displays the connected devices.

  • HRESULT Init(int iDeviceID,HWND hWnd,int iWidth,int iHeight);

    Initializing. iDeviceID is the selected device index (from combo Box), hWnd is the handle of the display window, iWidth and iHeight are the expected resolution (e.g.: 320/240). The display will adjust itself to the size of the window.

  • DWORD GrabFrame();

  • DWORD GetFrame(BYTE ** pFrame);

    Call these functions to get the captured buffer. GrabFrame(); will grab the image. Store it in a buffer and return value is the size of the buffer. User can get the buffer pointer by calling GetFrame(BYTE ** pFrame) which returns the size of the buffer.

    Don't delete the "pFrame" buffer value, which will be deleted by the class destructor. Use the Pointer(pFrame) for processing or copying the memory to a user allocated Buffer.

  • BOOL StopVMR();

    Stops previewing.

  • BOOL Pause();

    Pauses capturing. Call this method again to restart capturing.

  • DWORD ImageCapture(LPCTSTR szFile);

    Capture and write the Raw Image BYTES (RGB) to a file provided.

Special Functions and explanation

bool BindFilter(int deviceId, IBaseFilter **pFilter);
HRESULT InitializeWindowlessVMR(HWND hWnd);
HRESULT InitVideoWindow(HWND hWnd,int width, int height);
void StopCapture();
void CloseInterfaces(void);
void DeleteMediaType(AM_MEDIA_TYPE *pmt);
bool Convert24Image(BYTE *p32Img,BYTE *p24Img,DWORD dwSize32);
  • bool BindFilter(int deviceId, IBaseFilter **pFilter);

    Binds the Filer to the given device ID.

  • HRESULT InitializeWindowlessVMR(HWND hWnd);

    VMR initialization to the HWND provided.

  • HRESULT InitVideoWindow(HWND hWnd,int width, int height);

    Adjust the Display Video Size according to the size of the display window.

  • void StopCapture();

    Stops capturing.

  • void CloseInterfaces(void);

    Releases & deletes the interfaces /allocated memory.

  • void DeleteMediaType(AM_MEDIA_TYPE *pmt);

    Deletes Media Type object.

  • bool Convert24Image(BYTE *p32Img,BYTE *p24Img,DWORD dwSize32);

    The captured image using VMR is 32 bit RGB. This function will convert the 32 bit RGB to 24 bit RGB.

Points of Interest

This class is tested on Windows 2000 & Windows XP with DirectX9.0. Both VMR7 & VMR9 are supported. I haven't included the DirectShow Event Handling part in this sample. Please attach the required exception/error handling mechanism when you use.

Please drop me an email about any bugs, or suggestions to enhance the class. Your suggestions and guidance will be most valuable.


This article, along with any associated source code and files, is licensed under The Code Project Open License (CPOL)


About the Author

Software Developer (Senior)
United States United States
No Biography provided

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Comments and Discussions

Questionproblem with vc2000 Pin
Haseeb Baber18-Jan-13 4:52
memberHaseeb Baber18-Jan-13 4:52 
SuggestionVery usefull base for DXCapture Pin
merano21-Jun-12 10:01
membermerano21-Jun-12 10:01 
QuestionHow to save captured inage as bmp format in hard disk. and how to retrive it? Pin
Lu Maw9-Mar-11 17:03
memberLu Maw9-Mar-11 17:03 
GeneralMy vote of 4 Pin
mr colorbooks23-Dec-10 14:23
membermr colorbooks23-Dec-10 14:23 
QuestionHow to review the capture after any window cover and take out??? Pin
gopalyap13-Aug-09 18:03
membergopalyap13-Aug-09 18:03 
Generalbmp is flipped vertically Pin
wyhzaf3204-Aug-09 20:54
memberwyhzaf3204-Aug-09 20:54 
GeneralRe: bmp is flipped vertically Pin
merano21-Jun-12 10:18
membermerano21-Jun-12 10:18 
GeneralCrash on line: hr = m_pGB->Render(m_pCamOutPin); Pin
descartes24-Mar-09 11:21
memberdescartes24-Mar-09 11:21 
GeneralFlickerless problem Pin
QuyLV17-Feb-09 20:57
memberQuyLV17-Feb-09 20:57 
GeneralThanX [modified] Pin
angello5-Jan-09 0:07
memberangello5-Jan-09 0:07 
GeneralIVMRWindowlessControl9::GetCurrentImage, Excessive use of this function will degrade video playback performance. Pin
youhow200021-Dec-08 16:28
memberyouhow200021-Dec-08 16:28 
GeneralRe: IVMRWindowlessControl9::GetCurrentImage, Excessive use of this function will degrade video playback performance. Pin
angello5-Jan-09 0:12
memberangello5-Jan-09 0:12 
QuestionBmp is flipped horizontally Pin
Member 243547912-Nov-08 2:25
memberMember 243547912-Nov-08 2:25 
AnswerRe: Bmp is flipped horizontally Pin
QuyLV17-Feb-09 20:41
memberQuyLV17-Feb-09 20:41 
GeneralRe: Bmp is flipped horizontally Pin
Kon28-Oct-10 1:21
memberKon28-Oct-10 1:21 
GeneralRe: Bmp is flipped horizontally Pin
merano21-Jun-12 10:48
membermerano21-Jun-12 10:48 
Generaldirectx 9.0 Pin
ani_ikram30-Jul-08 18:29
memberani_ikram30-Jul-08 18:29 
Collin Xie7-May-08 19:18
memberCollin Xie7-May-08 19:18 
hINTModuleState18-Aug-08 6:00
memberhINTModuleState18-Aug-08 6:00 
GeneralColor adjustment Pin
renoreballos4-Jan-08 4:08
memberrenoreballos4-Jan-08 4:08 
Generalhi i have some question Pin
mocderfd29-Nov-07 21:52
membermocderfd29-Nov-07 21:52 
QuestionCapture Image to Bitmap Pin
zecapt11-Oct-07 23:25
memberzecapt11-Oct-07 23:25 
AnswerRe: Capture Image to Bitmap [modified] Pin
prda31-Oct-07 2:37
memberprda31-Oct-07 2:37 
QuestionImageCapture() error Pin
key_4615-Sep-07 6:01
memberkey_4615-Sep-07 6:01 
Generaldshow not in directory??helpme.. Pin
jefryn15-Aug-07 17:54
memberjefryn15-Aug-07 17:54 
Generaltoo slow Pin
wharry819-Jul-07 4:02
memberwharry819-Jul-07 4:02 
QuestionSave picture in picture video streams to avi file [modified] Pin
longlac6-Mar-07 9:31
memberlonglac6-Mar-07 9:31 
Generalrecompiling capture Pin
xavier662-Feb-07 0:38
memberxavier662-Feb-07 0:38 
GeneralRe: recompiling capture Pin
mpawluk31-Mar-07 11:02
membermpawluk31-Mar-07 11:02 
QuestionRe: recompiling capture Pin
minimal_objects13-Jun-07 5:44
memberminimal_objects13-Jun-07 5:44 
QuestionCant add VMR9 in DirectX ??? [modified] Pin
~Jabeen~21-Dec-06 0:00
member~Jabeen~21-Dec-06 0:00 
AnswerRe: Cant add VMR9 in DirectX ??? Pin
Khathar25-Dec-06 21:05
memberKhathar25-Dec-06 21:05 
QuestionRe: Cant add VMR9 in DirectX ??? Pin
S.K. Gupta27-Dec-06 18:36
memberS.K. Gupta27-Dec-06 18:36 
Questionwhere is Dshow.h? Pin
Khathar18-Dec-06 20:38
memberKhathar18-Dec-06 20:38 
AnswerRe: where is Dshow.h? Pin
~Jabeen~25-Dec-06 17:35
member~Jabeen~25-Dec-06 17:35 
GeneralCapture and preview stop if computer is locked Pin
gerbilvomit27-Nov-06 10:48
membergerbilvomit27-Nov-06 10:48 
GeneralRe: Capture and preview stop if computer is locked Pin
Member 365746024-Feb-08 21:14
memberMember 365746024-Feb-08 21:14 
GeneralImage not refreshing Pin
nripun14-Nov-06 0:35
membernripun14-Nov-06 0:35 
GeneralSave the captured video Pin
shital_harode@rediffmail.com6-Nov-06 0:56
membershital_harode@rediffmail.com6-Nov-06 0:56 
GeneralSave the captured video Pin
shital_harode@rediffmail.com6-Nov-06 0:55
membershital_harode@rediffmail.com6-Nov-06 0:55 
GeneralSave the captured video Pin
shital_harode@rediffmail.com6-Nov-06 0:55
membershital_harode@rediffmail.com6-Nov-06 0:55 
AnswerRe: Save the captured video Pin
Khathar27-Dec-06 0:11
memberKhathar27-Dec-06 0:11 
GeneralSal.h Pin
Kontaxis23-Oct-06 12:46
memberKontaxis23-Oct-06 12:46 
GeneralYUV to RGB conversion Pin
deji10129-Sep-06 6:20
memberdeji10129-Sep-06 6:20 
Questionfailed: CoCreateInstance ? Pin
g venu27-Sep-06 21:15
memberg venu27-Sep-06 21:15 
QuestionQuery in Identifying the device? Pin
sath_177-Sep-06 20:15
membersath_177-Sep-06 20:15 
AnswerRe: Query in Identifying the device? Pin
sath_179-Sep-06 10:14
membersath_179-Sep-06 10:14 
QuestionProblem in displaying the caputured image which is written in to a bmp file Pin
sath_177-Sep-06 19:21
membersath_177-Sep-06 19:21 
AnswerRe: Problem in displaying the caputured image which is written in to a bmp file Pin
mpawluk30-Mar-07 11:37
membermpawluk30-Mar-07 11:37 
GeneralDX Capture with Builder6 Pin
marsianinek10-Jul-06 2:10
membermarsianinek10-Jul-06 2:10 

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