I am running a C# 2010 windows application that calls a C# 2008 console application to make various calls to a web service. I am getting the following timeout error. I am wondering what part of the application I should look at to determine what is causing the timeout? Both applications are compiled in debug mode.
I am wondering if you can tell in the application what timeout parameter(s) need to be changed? What coding changes would I make to prevent the timeout errors from occuring?
Here is the error message:
Timeout expired. The timeout period elapsed prior to completion of the operation or the server is not responding.
2013-01-2416:40:03.3082|ERROR|Sample|************* Stack Trace *******************
2013-01-2416:40:03.3238|ERROR|Sample| at System.Data.SqlClient.SqlConnection.OnError(SqlException exception, Boolean breakConnection)
at System.Data.SqlClient.TdsParser.ThrowExceptionAndWarning(TdsParserStateObject stateObj)
at System.Data.SqlClient.TdsParser.Run(RunBehavior runBehavior, SqlCommand cmdHandler, SqlDataReader dataStream, BulkCopySimpleResultSet bulkCopyHandler, TdsParserStateObject stateObj)
at System.Data.SqlClient.SqlCommand.FinishExecuteReader(SqlDataReader ds, RunBehavior runBehavior, String resetOptionsString)
at System.Data.SqlClient.SqlCommand.RunExecuteReaderTds(CommandBehavior cmdBehavior, RunBehavior runBehavior, Boolean returnStream, Boolean async)
at System.Data.SqlClient.SqlCommand.RunExecuteReader(CommandBehavior cmdBehavior, RunBehavior runBehavior, Boolean returnStream, String method, DbAsyncResult result)
at System.Data.SqlClient.SqlCommand.RunExecuteReader(CommandBehavior cmdBehavior, RunBehavior runBehavior, Boolean returnStream, String method)
at System.Data.SqlClient.SqlCommand.ExecuteReader(CommandBehavior behavior, String method)
at System.Data.SqlClient.SqlCommand.ExecuteDbDataReader(CommandBehavior behavior)
at System.Data.Linq.SqlClient.SqlProvider.Execute(Expression query, QueryInfo queryInfo, IObjectReaderFactory factory, Object parentArgs, Object userArgs, ICompiledSubQuery subQueries, Object lastResult)
at System.Data.Linq.SqlClient.SqlProvider.ExecuteAll(Expression query, QueryInfo queryInfos, IObjectReaderFactory factory, Object userArguments, ICompiledSubQuery subQueries)
at System.Data.Linq.SqlClient.SqlProvider.System.Data.Linq.Provider.IProvider.Execute(Expression query)
at System.Data.Linq.DataQuery`1.System.Linq.IQueryProvider.Execute[S](Expression expression)
at System.Linq.Queryable.FirstOrDefault[TSource](IQueryable`1 source)
As your stack trace mentions SQLClient in almost every line I would suspect it is your database query that is timing out, that will live in your WCF. You can change both the the connection timeout and/or the command timeout.
Never underestimate the power of human stupidity
I am wondering what part of the application I should look at to determine what is causing the timeout
If it is a large application and especially if it is a system (multiple applications like you're having) you might want to consider some serious logging. The timestamps in the log can immediately tell you where the culprit is.
I suggest thinking the logging mechanism over for a while before jumping in a quick and dirty solution. Good logging saved my day in numerous times.
What coding changes would I make to prevent the timeout errors from occuring?
What you need to do FIRST is determine what is being processed (presuming some SQL.)
The SECOND you need to determine what a reasonable time for that process to take - especially from the business side.
As an example it unreasonable to expect a user to wait for an hour for a web site to finish processing a request (where the web app is blocked until it is done.)
To "fix" a problem like this depends on the specifics of the problem but some or all of the following might be necessary but this is not a complete list.
- Tune the database/schema
- Adjust the SQL operation parameters or SQL itself.
- Rearch/design the interface to preclude such operations.
- Rearch/design the interface to create a batch processing system where a request is posted, some other process processes each request, and some time later a result is created, then the caller at some later time, may submit another (different) request to retrieve the result.
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