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I created a UserControl that contains a custom ToolStrip Control.

While using the UserControl throughout an application, the ToolStrip control cannot be accessed directly, as logically it's embedded in the UserControl. So, to access the items of the ToolStrip I defined a readonly property in the UserControl class that returns the items of the ToolStrip.

Now programmatically the items of the ToolStrip can be edited by using the UserControl.Items property, but I cannot do the same in the design mode. Like someone drags the UserControl from the ToolBox to the form, goes to the property grid, chooses the Items property and manipulates the items of the ingrained ToolStrip accordingly; just as we do with any standard ToolStrip control's items collection with the help of Items Collection Editor.

Herein, though the Items property of the UserControl shows in the property grid, it's not usable and every time I click, it shows an error message- 'Value cannot be null. Parameter name: value'. I'm sure this is because the property is declared just as readonly and I need to hike more so that when it is clicked in the property grid, the Items Collection Editor pops up with the items of the ToolStrip and can be handled consequently.

So how should I be doing this?

Please state if I'm not clear.

Regards!
Posted 23-Aug-12 5:50am
Edited 23-Aug-12 6:00am
Nueman9K
v2
Comments
Nueman at 23-Aug-12 12:01pm
   
I am sorry, but, no, it is not very clear mainly because of run-on paragraphs. I edited a little to make it more readable.
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Solution 1

I don't think you need to expose even the user control children, tool strip items, etc. It can work, but this is still a violation of proper encapsulation. For really accurate work, you should better expose separate events and properties. Here is the idea:
public class MyControl : UserControl {
 
   public MyControl() {
       //...
       toolStrip.Items.Add(toolStripButtonViewSource); // in real life, not directly placed here, this is just for explanation of the idea
       toolStripButtonViewSource.Click += (sender, eventArgs) => {
           if (ViewSourceRequested != null)
               ViewSourceRequested.Invoke(toolStripButtonViewSource, new System.EventArgs());
       };
       //...
   } //MyControl
 
   public event System.EventHandler ViewSourceRequested;
 
   public System.Drawing.Color ViewSourceButtonBackColor {
       get { return toolStripButtonViewSource.BackColor; }
       set { toolStripButtonViewSource.BackColor = value; }
   } //ViewSourceButtonBackColor

   public System.Drawing.Image ViewSourceButtonBackgroundImage {
       get { return toolStripButtonViewSource.BackgroundImage; }
       set { toolStripButtonViewSource.BackgroundImage = value; }
   } //ViewSourceButtonBackgroundImage
   
   //... and so one, for every feature you want to expose, for every item

   ToolStripButton toolStripButtonViewSource = //...

} //MyControl

Could be a bit too much "mechanical" work, but in this way you only expose what you really want to expose, can hide internal functionality.

—SA
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Solution 2

I am not an expert on WinForms since have not used them in years, but I beleive what you need to do is create a custom control. See the following, it might help: Creating Custom Controls-Providing Design Time Support 1[^]
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Solution 3

Hi there!
I have been working on the issue for a while, and the two most widely held ideas I got are:
1) Exposing the ToolStrip as a property.
2) Use a ControlDesigner for the UserControl and set EnableDesignMode for the ToolStrip.

But somehow none of them actually served my purpose, as exposing the ToolStrip would let the user have full control on it, which was not my objective. The second option would even put the user up with deleting the ToolStrip. Hence I had to figure out a different approach. That's when I tripped upon the CollectionBase class.

As it says, the CollectionBase class is the abstract base class for a strongly typed collection. So how about maintaining the ToolStrip item collection through it?
I created an instance of the CollectionBase class and regulated the addition, modification, fetching and deletion of the ToolStrip items through it. Each item in the collection hails from a class that is inherited from the ToolStripButton class. In that way, individual item can be handled as any standard ToolStripButton and you can hide or show the properties to the user accordingly. Lastly, the ToolStrip in question is set as the parent of the CollectionBase which eventually becomes the parent of each ToolStripItem too. Here's the concept:

Imports System.ComponentModel
Imports System.Windows.Forms
Imports Office2003
Imports System.Drawing
Imports System.Windows.Forms.Design
 
Public Class MyUserControl
    Private _Buttons As MyUserControlButtons
    Public Event MyUserControlButtonClicked(ByVal Sender As MyUserControlButton)
 
    Public Sub New()
        MyBase.New()
 
        'This call is required by the Component Designer.
        InitializeComponent()
 
        _Buttons = New MyUserControlButtons(MyToolStrip)
    End Sub
 
    <designerserializationvisibility(designerserializationvisibility.content)> _
    Public ReadOnly Property Buttons As MyUserControlButtons
        Get
            Return _Buttons
        End Get
    End Property
 
    Private Sub MyToolStrip_ItemClicked(ByVal sender As System.Object, ByVal e As System.Windows.Forms.ToolStripItemClickedEventArgs) Handles MyToolStrip.ItemClicked
	 'Check if the ToolStrip item clicked is a ToolStripButton...
        If TypeOf e.ClickedItem Is ToolStripButton Then
            'Insert your code here...

	     'Raise the custom event.
            RaiseEvent MyUserControlButtonClicked(Item)
        End If
    End Sub
End Class
 
#Region "Manager classes for MyUserControl buttons."
 
Public Class MyUserControlButtons
    Inherits CollectionBase
    Private _Parent As ToolStrip
 
    Public Sub New(ByVal Holder As ToolStrip)
        MyBase.New()
        _Parent = Holder
    End Sub
 
    Public ReadOnly Property Parent() As ToolStrip
        Get
            Return _Parent
        End Get
    End Property
 
    Default Public ReadOnly Property Item(ByVal Index As Integer) As MyUserControlButton
        Get
            Return CType(List(Index), MyUserControlButton)
        End Get
    End Property
 
    Public Function Add() As MyUserControlButton
        Return Me.Add
    End Function
 
    Public Sub Add(ByVal Value As MyUserControlButton)
        List.Add(Value)
        Value.Parent = Me.Parent
    End Sub
 
    Public Function Add(ByVal Name As String, ByVal Image As Image) As MyUserControlButton
        Dim b As MyUserControlButton = New MyUserControlButton(Me.Parent)
        b.Name = Name
        b.Text = Name
        b.Image = Image
        Me.Add(b)
        Return b
    End Function
 
    Public Function Add(ByVal Name As String, ByVal Text As String, ByVal Image As Image) As MyUserControlButton
        Dim b As MyUserControlButton = New MyUserControlButton(Me.Parent)
        b.Name = Name
        b.Text = Text
        b.Image = Image
        Me.Add(b)
        Return b
    End Function
 
    Public Sub Remove(ByVal Value As MyUserControlButton)
        List.Remove(Value)
    End Sub
 
    Public Function IndexOf(ByVal Value As Object) As Integer
        Return List.IndexOf(Value)
    End Function
 
    Public Function Contains(ByVal Value As MyUserControlButton) As Boolean
        Return List.Contains(Value)
    End Function
 
    Protected Overrides Sub OnInsertComplete(ByVal index As Integer, ByVal value As Object)
        Dim b As MyUserControlButton = CType(value, MyUserControlButton)
        b.Parent = Me.Parent
        Me.Parent.Items.Insert(index, CType(value, ToolStripButton))
        MyBase.OnInsertComplete(index, value)
    End Sub
 
    Protected Overrides Sub OnSetComplete(ByVal index As Integer, ByVal oldValue As Object, ByVal newValue As Object)
        Dim b As MyUserControlButton = CType(newValue, MyUserControlButton)
        b.Parent = Me.Parent
        MyBase.OnSetComplete(index, oldValue, newValue)
    End Sub
 
    Protected Overrides Sub OnClearComplete()
        MyBase.OnClearComplete()
    End Sub
End Class
 
Public Class MyUserControlButton
    Inherits ToolStripButton
 
    Sub New()
        MyBase.New()
        Init()
    End Sub
 
    Sub New(ByVal Holder As ToolStrip)
        MyBase.New()
        Init()
        Me.Parent = Holder
    End Sub
 
    Private Sub Init()
        Me.AutoToolTip = False
        Me.DisplayStyle = ToolStripItemDisplayStyle.ImageAndText
        Me.ImageAlign = ContentAlignment.MiddleLeft
        Me.ImageIndex = -1
        Me.ImageKey = ""
        Me.ImageTransparentColor = Color.Magenta
        Me.TextAlign = ContentAlignment.MiddleLeft
        Me.TextDirection = ToolStripTextDirection.Horizontal
    End Sub
 
    <browsable(false),>
    EditorBrowsable(False)> _
    Public Shadows Property AccessibleDefaultActionDescription As String
        Get
            Return MyBase.AccessibleDefaultActionDescription
        End Get
        Set(ByVal value As String)
            MyBase.AccessibleDefaultActionDescription = value
        End Set
    End Property
 
    <browsable(false),>
    EditorBrowsable(False)> _
    Public Shadows Property AccessibleDescription As String
        Get
            Return MyBase.AccessibleDescription
        End Get
        Set(ByVal value As String)
            MyBase.AccessibleDescription = value
        End Set
    End Property
 
    <browsable(false),>
    EditorBrowsable(False)> _
    Public Shadows Property AccessibleName As String
        Get
            Return MyBase.AccessibleName
        End Get
        Set(ByVal value As String)
            MyBase.AccessibleName = value
        End Set
    End Property
 

    ' Keep on hiding the irrelevant properties...

 
    <defaultvalue(false)> _
    Public Shadows Property AutoToolTip As Boolean
        Get
            Return MyBase.AutoToolTip
        End Get
        Set(ByVal value As Boolean)
            MyBase.AutoToolTip = value
        End Set
    End Property
 
    <defaultvalue(gettype(toolstripitemdisplaystyle),> _
    Public Overrides Property DisplayStyle As System.Windows.Forms.ToolStripItemDisplayStyle
        Get
            Return MyBase.DisplayStyle
        End Get
        Set(ByVal value As System.Windows.Forms.ToolStripItemDisplayStyle)
            MyBase.DisplayStyle = value
        End Set
    End Property
 
    Public Overrides Property Image() As Image
        Get
            Return MyBase.Image
        End Get
        Set(ByVal value As Image)
            MyBase.Image = value
        End Set
    End Property
 
    <defaultvalue(gettype(contentalignment),> _
    Public Shadows Property ImageAlign As ContentAlignment
        Get
            Return MyBase.ImageAlign
        End Get
        Set(ByVal value As ContentAlignment)
            MyBase.ImageAlign = value
        End Set
    End Property
 
    <editorbrowsable(false),>
    DefaultValue(-1)> _
    Public Shadows Property ImageIndex As Integer
        Get
            Return MyBase.ImageIndex
        End Get
        Set(ByVal value As Integer)
            MyBase.ImageIndex = value
        End Set
    End Property
 
    <editorbrowsable(false),>
    DefaultValue("")> _
    Public Shadows Property ImageKey As String
        Get
            Return MyBase.ImageKey
        End Get
        Set(ByVal value As String)
            MyBase.ImageKey = value
        End Set
    End Property
 
    Public Shadows Property ImageTransparentColor As Color
        Get
            Return MyBase.ImageTransparentColor
        End Get
        Set(ByVal value As Color)
            MyBase.ImageTransparentColor = value
        End Set
    End Property
 
    Public Shadows Property Name() As String
        Get
            Return MyBase.Name
        End Get
        Set(ByVal value As String)
            MyBase.Name = value
        End Set
    End Property
 
    <browsable(false)> _
    Public Shadows Property Parent As ToolStrip
        Get
            Return MyBase.Parent
        End Get
        Set(ByVal value As ToolStrip)
            MyBase.Parent = value
        End Set
    End Property
 
    Public Overrides Property Text() As String
        Get
            Return MyBase.Text
        End Get
        Set(ByVal value As String)
            MyBase.Text = value
        End Set
    End Property
 
    <defaultvalue(gettype(contentalignment),> _
    Public Overrides Property TextAlign As ContentAlignment
        Get
            Return MyBase.TextAlign
        End Get
        Set(ByVal value As ContentAlignment)
            MyBase.TextAlign = value
        End Set
    End Property
 
    <browsable(false),>
    EditorBrowsable(False),
    DefaultValue(GetType(ToolStripTextDirection), "Horizontal")> _
    Public Overrides Property TextDirection As ToolStripTextDirection
        Get
            Return MyBase.TextDirection
        End Get
        Set(ByVal value As ToolStripTextDirection)
            MyBase.TextDirection = value
        End Set
    End Property
 

    ' Define other properties accordingly...
End Class
 
#End Region

MyUserControl is the custom user control containing the ToolStrip named MyToolStrip. MyUserControlButtons is the class that inherits from CollectionBase and each item of MyUserControlButtons is an object of MyUserControlButton class that inherits from ToolStripButton.

In the constructor of MyUserControl, MyUserControlButtons is instantiated with MyToolStrip as its parent. Items are added to MyUserControlButtons by creating new objects from MyUserControlButton. Properties of the items to be hidden or shown are managed in MyUserControlButton.
MyUserControl returns the list of the buttons through the read only property 'Buttons'. Note the DesignerSerializationVisibility attribute of the 'Buttons' property. It specifies the type of persistence to use when serializing a property on a component at design time. The 'Content' enumeration member tells the code generator to produce code for the contents of the object, rather than for the object itself.

The drawback in this approach is that you cannot retain the items of the ToolStrip while performing copy-paste on the UserControl. It serializes the contents only when items are handled explicitly by the user but not during copy-paste. Any idea of how to deal with it is highly appreciated.

Thanks to all posters. Though I applied my own concept, your ideas paved my way.
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