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If Windows 10 then I don't believe shutdown or restart really do either of those things. Internally I reckon they sleep and come back as so many times you get your applications back in the same state they were in when you started
That is even after turning off windows fast start in the power options
for ages I think the only real restart is one where updates are installed
For me, depends what my mood is - often I just leave them, so they auto-sleep (like the monitors do). Or I might shut them down - these days, my machines take such a short time to boot (my Lenovo P1 boots in about 10 seconds), it's no hardship to wait through a boot sequence (of course, there's getting your environment back again - Windows could do with a feature like macOS where it'll reopen all the documents/applications you had open when you shut it down).
And most of my machines are on the Windows Insider Fast ring, so get a new Windows version roughly each week, so there's at least one restart a week...
As for docks - I use a couple of Dell Thunderbolt docks regularly and I never power cycle those.
Java, Basic, who cares - it's all a bunch of tree-hugging hippy cr*p
I believe that a computer that is turned off is less likely to have data corruption/loss during mid-night thunderstorm -- mine are always powered off when work is done. The USA Midwest can have impressive night time thunderstorms.
My laptop is used strictly on trips as a portable substitute for my desktop, so it gets powered up and down each time I use it.
However, my company makes products that are based on Windows CE (6.0, in our case), and that OS has counters involved in timing that overflow about every 49 days, so our User Manual recommends power cycling the unit at least once a month. If the software is written correctly, that overflow can be handled, but I learned years ago to assume that software is never written correctly.
I seldom power off any of my computers, but I do a reboot usually about every week-ten days (more on Windows machines, less on Linux). I will power off/unplug during a severe electrical storm if I am around because, while I am protected by surge protection and a UPS, a close-in lightning strike can overload a surge protector or UPS. (I live on top of a ridge, surround by trees, two of which have been struck in the last 20 years.)
I am against powering off machines. Studies have shown that many chip failures occur due to the thermal stress induced by the warm-up/cool down cycle. This, of course, is dependent on the chip construction.
Though I hear before breakfast that squirrels' nuts are a fancied entree.
after many otherwise intelligent sounding suggestions that achieved nothing the nice folks at Technet said the only solution was to low level format my hard disk then reinstall my signature. Sadly, this still didn't fix the issue!
I'm writing some stuff in Word and Word thinks it's necessary to improve my writing.
Mostly, that's true, but it has one suggestion that I followed until I found out it's not right.
Every time I write "have to" or some form of it, Word says "use 'must' for concise language."
Now, as I understand it, that's perfectly fine in American English, but not so much in British English where "have to" indicates an external incentive while "must" comes from an internal incentive.
For example, "I have to use the Azure cloud at work" (dictated by your boss) and "I must work out more often" (something you wish to do because it's healthy).
Of course, if your doctor or wife tells you to work out more often "or else" it becomes "I have to work out more often."
Anyway, I must now change "must" to "have to" or my readers will make fun of me for not understanding the English language
The issue is pretty much un-Googleable, but does anyone know how I can turn off this very specific "have to" to "must" rule?