The simple reason is the obvious one: it isn't installed on that machine.
The connections string for an Access database specifies a driver set for a specific version of software:
Dim connString As String = "Provider=Microsoft.ACE.OLEDB.12.0;Data Source=C:\myFolder\myAccessFile.mdb;Persist Security Info=False;";
And you need to have the right version of the database engine installed in order to use it.
In this case, you will need the right version of the Microsoft Access Database Engine 2010 Redistributable from Official Microsoft Download Center
] pack for the word size of your application: ithe 32 bit version for 32 bit apps, and the 64 biot version for 64 bit apps.