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So I'm trying to sort an vector <string> carInventory based on the order of a vector with 3 elements titled vector <string> promotionOrder.


vector<string> carInventory {"mz", "my", "my", "mx", "mz", "mx", "my", "mz"}
vector<string> promotionOrder {"mz", "mx", "my"}

{"mz", "mz", "mz", "mx", "mx", "my", "my", "my"} //new carInventory

Here's the function:
vector<string> SortCar::sortCarInventory(vector<string> carInventory, 
vector<string> promotionOrder)

What I have tried:

Currently stuck thinking of a solution with a time complexity of O(N) and <pre>with constant auxiliary space complexity O(1)
Updated 9-Oct-22 19:09pm
CPallini 8-Jun-22 4:38am    
I don't know any sorting algorithm warranting O(N).
Richard MacCutchan 8-Jun-22 4:43am    
You cannot use a sort as the sort order is not fixed. You just need to iterate the promotionOrder list and find all the relevant car entries for each one.

Richard has given you a solution of time complexity O(N*M), and auxillary space O(1), where M is the number of entries in the promotionOrder list.

This could be reduced to O(N) with auxiliary space O(M) if we create a hash map where the key is the value of the promotionOrder entry and the mapped value is the position in the promotionOrder table. A set of M counters is initialized to zeroes.

For each carInventory entry:
Look up the position in the hash map
Increment the number of cars in that position.

For all counters:
Insert (counter) entries of the appropriate type into the output.

Reducing the auxiliary space to O(1) is left as an exercise...
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Simple. STL will sort it for you.
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