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I have an object reference that sets instances of an object, yet this message implies that I did not add to the Program.cs
Unhandled exception. System.NullReferenceException: Object reference not set to an instance of an object.
at Program. [...]

Here is excerpt code in the Program.cs that I added list for Dog info and its vaccine.
Dictionary<string, string> dogInfo = new Dictionary<string, string>();
List<Dog> dogs = new List<Dog>();
List<string> dogVaccine = new List<string>();

dog.Vaccines.Add(vaccine); (in Program.cs)

public void AddVaccine(string vaccine)

What I have tried:

I have tried to set a null checker in case the list is empty, etc., but it doesn't work, and I got the same error message after running this code.

I also modified the public void AddVaccine (string vaccine) to add the vaccine to the dog's list of vaccines; however, it doesn't work either. I do not understand what has my code gone wrong.
Updated 29-Nov-22 0:02am
Richard MacCutchan 29-Nov-22 7:03am    
You need to add more details, all we can see are three unconnected blocks of code, so it is impossible to guess where the error occurs. Adding the complete error message and the code where the problem occurs would be a good start.

1 solution

This is one of the most common problems we get asked, and it's also the one we are least equipped to answer, but you are most equipped to answer yourself.

Let me just explain what the error means: You have tried to use a variable, property, or a method return value but it contains null - which means that there is no instance of a class in the variable.
It's a bit like a pocket: you have a pocket in your shirt, which you use to hold a pen. If you reach into the pocket and find there isn't a pen there, you can't sign your name on a piece of paper - and you will get very funny looks if you try! The empty pocket is giving you a null value (no pen here!) so you can't do anything that you would normally do once you retrieved your pen. Why is it empty? That's the question - it may be that you forgot to pick up your pen when you left the house this morning, or possibly you left the pen in the pocket of yesterday's shirt when you took it off last night.

We can't tell, because we weren't there, and even more importantly, we can't even see your shirt, much less what is in the pocket!

Back to computers, and you have done the same thing, somehow - and we can't see your code, much less run it and find out what contains null when it shouldn't.
But you can - and Visual Studio will help you here. Run your program in the debugger and when it fails, it will show you the line it found the problem on. You can then start looking at the various parts of it to see what value is null and start looking back through your code to find out why. So put a breakpoint at the beginning of the method containing the error line, and run your program from the start again. This time, the debugger will stop before the error, and let you examine what is going on by stepping through the code looking at your values.

But we can't do that - we don't have your code, we don't know how to use it if we did have it, we don't have your data. So try it - and see how much information you can find out!
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