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I have two dropdown boxes program and course, the program dropdown is populated programmatically and I want when it gets a value in other words when its value get changed then the course dropdown need to be populated based the program value but its not working until I change the program dropdown value by selecting and changing it.

please help.

What I have tried:

<div class="form-group">
                    <label for="program">Program</label>
                    <select class="form-control" name="programid" id="programid" required>
                      <option value="">Select Program</option>
                      <?php foreach($programs as $obj) { ?>
                        <option value="<?=$obj['programid'] ?>" <?php if($row['programid'] == $obj['programid']) { ?> selected <?php } ?> ><?=$obj['program'] ?></option>
                        <?php } ?>
                  <div class="form-group">
                    <label for="course">Course</label>
                    <select class="form-control" name="courseid" id="courseid" required>

$(function () {
$('#programid').change(function() {
      var semesterid = $('#semesterid').val();
      var programid = $(this).val();
      var courseid = null;
      <?php if($row['courseid'] != null && !empty($row['courseid'])) { ?> courseid = <?php echo $row['courseid']; }  ?>       
        url : "<?=site_url('get_courses');?>",
                    method : "POST",
                    data : {programid: programid, semesterid : semesterid},
                    async : true,
                    dataType : 'json',
                    success: function(data){                       
                        var html = '<option value="">Select Course</option>';
                        var i;
                        for(i=0; i<data.length; i++){
                            if(data[i].courseid == courseid)
                                html += '<option value='+data[i].courseid+' selected>'+data[i].course+'</option>';
                            html += '<option value='+data[i].courseid+'>'+data[i].course+'</option>';


1 solution

Unsurprisingly, the change event fires when the selected value is changed. It does not fire when the page first loads.

You can either manually trigger the change event when the page loads:
$('#programid').change(function() {
.trigger() | jQuery API Documentation[^]

Or you can extract the handler into its own function, and explicitly call it when the page loads:
    let selectedCourseId = null;
    <?php if($row['courseid'] != null && !empty($row['courseid'])) { ?> selectedCourseId = <?php echo $row['courseid']; }  ?>
    const updateCourses = function(){
        const semesterid = $('#semesterid').val();
        const programid = $(this).val();
        const courseId = selectedCourseId;
This approach allows you to attach the same handler to multiple events across multiple elements - for example, in this case, the change event on the semester list.
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