Click here to Skip to main content
14,603,213 members

CSS Grid - Site for Rapid Experimentation

Rate this:
4.94 (8 votes)
Please Sign up or sign in to vote.
4.94 (8 votes)
4 Aug 2019CPOL
CSS Grid - Site for Rapid Experimentation

Page Layout

Making website layout used to be hard... Frames, tables, floats, display: table, vertical-align, negative margins, absolute positioning ... you name it! People & frameworks had to abuse HTML/CSS features just to center a div (let alone do a responsive page setup) ... Fortunately, the dark ages are over, Flexbox is supported for quite a while and about two years ago, major browsers implemented Grid. It took 30 years, but website layout problem is solved (almost, still waiting for Subgrid).

If you haven't heard about CSS Grid, here's a couple of great resources:

Quick Experiments

The above sites (and myriad of others) are doing a great job of describing grid features, so I'm not going to do that here. Instead, I will share the page I made while learning grid: https://morzel85.github.io/css-grid-playground (ups, I've just noticed that https://www.cssgridplayground.com exists, the more playgrounds the better?)

My site is not a grid generator but rather a place were you can quickly test effects of various CSS Grid properties. Play with properties and immediately see the result (you may also want to open browser devtools to see how styles are actually applied to container and items)... If you are lost don't worry, just reload the page to get to initial state.

Here's how the site looks:

CSS Grid Playground - Rapid Experimentation... Click to enlarge...

On the left-hand side, you can control properties of grid container (div with grid-container class). In the middle, you can set the amount of grid items (divs with grid-item class) and see the resulting grid. If you click an item, an additional panel opens where you can control specific grid item properties. If you are not sure what a property does, hover over it to see a brief description and example values.

I've tested the page in Chrome 75, Firefox 68 and Edge 44.

Supported Properties

CSS Grid is quite complex, but if think that my tool does a decent job of demonstrating its most important features. These are the supported properties:

  • grid-template-rows

    Defines the amount and sizes of explicit grid rows.

  • grid-template-columns

    Defines the amount and sizes of explicit grid columns.

  • grid-auto-Rows

    Defines sizes of implicit grid rows. Implicit rows are created when amount of items exceed the amount of explicit rows (rows defined by template) or when an item placement goes outside the range of explicit rows.

  • grid-template-areas

    Defines named grid areas which can be associated with particular grid items by using placement properties: grid-row-start, grid-row-end, grid-column-start, grid-column-end (or their shorthands: grid-row, grid-column and grid-area). Areas for each row are specified between quotes, white-space might be added to increase readability.

  • grid-auto-columns

    Defines sizes of implicit grid columns. Implicit columns are created when amount of items exceeds the amount of explicit columns (columns defined by template) or when an item placement goes outside the range of explicit columns.

  • grid-auto-flow

    Defines placement algorithm for items which are not specifically positioned (for example, by using grid-column or grid-area).

  • row-gap

    Defines space (gutter) size between grid rows. Older implementations used grid-row-gap name. gap shorthand property can be used to specify row and column gutters at the same time.

  • column-gap

    Defines space (gutter) size between grid columns. Older implementations used grid-column-gap name. gap shorthand property can be used to specify row and column gutters at the same time.

  • justify-items

    Defines placement of items in grid cells along inline (main) axis (horizontally, except for vertical writing mode). Value set on a container can be overridden by justify-self on an item. place-items shorthand property can be used to specify both align and justify at the same time.

  • align-items

    Defines placement of items in grid cells along block (cross) axis (vertically, except for vertical writing mode). Value set on a container can be overridden by aling-self on an item. place-items shorthand property can be used to specify both align and justify at the same time.

  • justify-content

    Defines placement of grid cells along inline (main) axis (horizontally, except for vertical writing mode). The setting will not have any effect if there is no space left on inline axis (for example, when some column is defined as 1fr)! place-content shorthand property can be used to specify both align and justify at the same time.

  • align-content

    Defines placement of grid cells along block (cross) axis (vertically, except for vertical writing mode). The setting will not have any effect if there is no space left on block axis (for example, when some row is defined as 1fr)! place-content shorthand property can be used to specify both align and justify at the same time.

  • grid-row

    A shorthand property that controls item row placement by setting grid-row-start, and grid-row-end values respectively. If placement goes outside of explicitly defined grid rows, implicit rows will be created.

  • grid-column

    A shorthand property that controls item column placement by setting grid-column-start, and grid-column-end values respectively. If placement goes outside of explicitly defined grid columns, implicit columns will be created.

  • grid-area

    A shorthand property that controls item placement by setting grid-row-start, grid-column-start, grid-row-end and grid-column-end values respectively. The setting is especially helpful when grid-template-areas "ascii-art" is used. If placement goes outside of explicitly defined grid, implicit row or columns will be created.

  • justify-self

    Places the item inside grid cell along inline (main) axis (horizontally, except for vertical writing mode). The setting takes precedence over justify-items specified on container.

  • align-self

    Places the item inside grid cell along block (cross) axis (vertically, except for vertical writing mode). The setting takes precedence over align-items specified on container.

  • order

    Allows reordering of automatically placed item. By default, items have order 0. The higher the order, the later the item will appear. If other items have default order, setting to 1 will move the item to the end, and setting to -1 will move the item to the beginning.

History

  • 4th August, 2019: Initial version

License

This article, along with any associated source code and files, is licensed under The Code Project Open License (CPOL)

Share

About the Author


Comments and Discussions

 
QuestionExperiments Pin
Martin17865-Aug-19 0:51
MemberMartin17865-Aug-19 0:51 

General General    News News    Suggestion Suggestion    Question Question    Bug Bug    Answer Answer    Joke Joke    Praise Praise    Rant Rant    Admin Admin   

Use Ctrl+Left/Right to switch messages, Ctrl+Up/Down to switch threads, Ctrl+Shift+Left/Right to switch pages.

Article
Posted 4 Aug 2019

Tagged as

Stats

4.7K views
11 bookmarked